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Czesław Dyrcz

References [1] Baltic Sea ice winters. Ice winters in the Baltic Sea, Finish Meteorological Institute , [online], http://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/baltic-sea-ice-winters [access 16.07.2017]. [2] Dyrcz C., Analysis of the occurrence of ice balls on the Hel Peninsula, ‘Scientific Journal of Polish Naval Academy’, 2014, No. 1, pp. 17-29. [3] Ice winters in the Baltic Sea, Finish Meteorological Institute, [online], http://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/ice-winter-in-the-baltic-sea [access 16.07.2017]. [4

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Da-yong Zhang, Song-song Yu, Yanlin Wang and Qian-jin Yue

, Valentin A.: Russian iceberg observations in the Barents Sea, 1933-1990. Polar Research, No 2, Vol.11, 1992, p.93-97. 7. Eik, K.: Review of experiences within ice and iceberg management. Journal of Navigation, No4, Vol.61, 2008, p. 557-572. 8. AR Mahoney, H Eicken, AG Gaylord, R Gens.: Landfast sea ice extent in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas the annual cycle and decadal variability. Cold Regions Science & Technology, No 1, Vol.103, 2014, p.41-56. 9. K Eik, OT Gudmestad.: Iceberg management and impact on design of offshore

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Maciej Janecki, Artur Nowicki, Alicja Kańska, Maria Golenko and Lidia Dzierzbicka-Głowacka

REFERENCES 1. Koslowski, G., Loewe, P. (1994). The western Baltic Sea ice season in terms of mass–related severity index: 1879–1992. Tellus , 46A, 66–74. 2. Tinz, B. (1996). On the relation between annual maximum extent of ice cover in the Baltic Sea and sea level pressure as well as air temperature field. Geophysica , 32, 319–341. 3. Pirazzini, R., Vihma, T., Granskog, M.A., Cheng, B. (2006). Surface albedo measurements over sea ice in the Baltic Sea during the spring snowmelt period. Annals of Glaciology , 44, 7–14. 4. BACC II Author

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Ryszard Staroszczyk

References Babko O., Rothrock D. A. and Maykut G. A. (2002) Role of rafting in the mechanical redistribution of sea ice thickness, J. Geophys. Res., 107 (C8), 3113, DOI: 10.1029/1999JC000190. Belytschko T., Krongauz Y., Dolbow J. and Gerlach C. (1998) On the completeness of meshfree particle methods, Int. J. Numer. Meth. Eng., 43 (5), 785-819, DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0207(19981115) 43:5. Chadwick P. (1999) Continuum Mechanics: Concise Theory and Problems, Dover, Mineola, New York, 2nd edn. Flato

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Józef Girjatowicz

.P., 1999, Structural variability of near-shore ice and its abrasive effects in sheltered and exposed areas. Late Glacial, Holocene and present-day evolution of the coastal geosystems of the Southern Baltic, [in:] R.K. Borówka (ed.) Quaternary Studies in Poland , Special issue, pp. 103-107. G irjatowicz J.P., 2007, Katalog zlodzenia i warunków termicznych polskiego wybrzeża , Wyd. Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Szczecin. G irjatowicz J.P., 2011, Ice Conditions on the Southern Baltic Sea Coast, Journal of Cold Regions Engineering 25(1), pp. 1

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Jong-Ho Nam, Inha Park, Ho Jin Lee, Mi Ok Kwon, Kyungsik Choi and Young-Kyo Seo

References Chapman, D.C., 1985. Numerical treatment of cross-shelf open boundaries in a barotropic coastal ocean model. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 15(8), pp.1060-1075. Choi, K.S., Nam, J.H., Park, Y.J., Ha, J.S. and Jeong, S.Y., 2010. Northern sea route transit analysis for large cargo vessels.The 25th international symposium on Okhotsk sea & sea ice. Mombetsu, Hokkaido, Japan 21-26 February 2010. pp. 194-200. Dijkstra, E.W., 1959. A note on two problems in connexion with graphs. Numerische Mathematik, 1

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Tadeusz Pastusiak

References [1] ACIA, Arctic climate impact assessment, Cambridge University Press, 2005. [2] Dremlyug W. W., Nautical oceanography [in Polish, trans. M. Holec], Gdańsk 1974. [3] Pastusiak T., Accuracy of Sea Ice Data from Remote Sensing Methods, its Impact on Safe Speed Determination and Planning of Voyage in Ice-Covered Areas, ‘International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation’, 2016, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 229-248. [4] Pastusiak T., Competiviness of the Northern Sea Route

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Tadeusz Pastusiak

REFERENCES [1] Arikaynen A.I., 1990. Navigation in the Arctic ice [in Russian] (Cyдoxoдcтвo вo льдax Apктики). Transport, Moscov. [2] Arikaynen A.I., Tsubakov K.N., 1987, Alphabet of ice navigation. [in Russian] (Aзбyкa лeдoвoгo плaвaния). Transport, Moscov. [3] ESRI, 1998, ESRI Shapefile Technical Description. An ESRI White Paper—July 1998, Environmental Systems Research Institute. [4] Frolov I.E., Gudkovich Z.M., Karklin V.P., Smolyanitsky V.M., Kliachkin S.V., Frolov S.V., 2016. Part 10. Sea ice [in Russian] (Глава 10. Морской лёд

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Yong-Hyeon Kwon, Tak-Kee Lee and Kyungsik Choi

REFERENCES ABS, 2011. Guide for ice load monitoring system . Houston, TX: ABS. Choi, K.S., Kim, H.S., Choi, G.G., Lee, J.M. and Ha, J.S., 2012. Voyage activity report : 2012 Amundsen Sea voyage of the icebreaking research vessel “ARAON” . Daejeon: Ice Field Test and Research Team. Ha, J.S., Choi, K.S., Kim, H.S., Choi, G.G. and Lee, J.M., 2012. Measurements for material properties of Sea Ice in the Amundsen Sea of the Antarctic and icebreaking performance tests of icebreaking research vessel ARAON. Proceeding of the Society of the Naval

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Ryszard Staroszczyk

References Babko O., Rothrock D. A., Maykut G. A. (2002) Role of rafting in the mechanical redistribution of sea ice thickness, J. Geophys. Res. , 107 (C8), 3113, DOI: 10.1029/1999JC000190. Belytschko T., Krongauz Y., Dolbow J., Gerlach C. (1998) On the completeness of meshfree particle methods, Int. J. Numer. Meth. Eng. , 43 (5), 785–819, DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0207(19981115) 43:5. Bitz C. M., Lipscomb W. H. (1999) An energy-conserving thermodynamic model for sea ice, J. Geophys. Res. , 104 (C7), 15 669–15 677, DOI: 10.1029/1999JC