1 Introduction and Literature Review Scientific research has entered a new era of Open Science, which aims to make all aspects of the scientific research process open and available by promoting new models for the dissemination of findings and the peer review process. Peer review is one of the cornerstones of scholarly inquiry, where peers assess the merits of research to determine if the claims made, methods used, findings and conclusions adhere to accepted practices in conducting scholarship. Assessment by peers also performs an important gatekeeping
Peiling Wang, Sukjin You, Rath Manasa and Dietmar Wolfram
Mingliang Yue, Kailin Tian and Tingcan Ma
1 Introduction Peer review is a standard professional practice that is designed to professionally assess the quality and feasibility of scientific projects and all academic projects/papers. Since appointed peer review experts directly create and/or contribute to the review results and thus influence reader responses to the applicants’ project proposals, expert assignment has been one of the most important tasks in project management ( Huang & Zhong, 2016 ). The core issue in peer review expert assignment is how to ensure its accuracy and impartiality
Dorota Palka, Jarosław Brodny, Tamer Rızaoğlu, Utku Bağci and Jozef Maščeník
International Conference Proceedings, Vol. 5. Central Bohemia University. Petticrew, M. and Roberts H. (2008). Systematic reviews-do they ’work’ in informing decision-making around health inequalities? Health eco-nomics, policy, and law, 3, pp. 197-211. ISSN 1744-1331 DOI:10.1017/S1744133108004453 Stankiewicz, P. (2010). Teoria i praktyka oceny technologii. Infos. Zagadnienia społeczno-gospodarcze. Stecuła, K., Brodny, J. and Tutak, M. (2017b). Informatics platform as a tool supporting research regarding the effectiveness of the
Tools and methods
Serenella Besio, Daniela Bulgarelli and Vaska Stancheva-Popkostadinova
Ralph Panos and William Eschenbacher
Michał Machul, Agnieszka Chrzan-Rodak, Monika Bieniak, Jadwiga Bąk, Justyna Chałdaś-Majdańska and Beata Dobrowolska
Introduction. Nursing is a profession of public trust with a fairly high position in various rankings examining the prestige of professions.
Aim. Analysis of published research results on the image of nurses and nursing in Poland in the media and in the opinion of various social groups.
Material and methods. A systematic review of Polish scientific literature from the years 2010-2017 was undertaken. A multi-stage search process was carried out in accordance with the adopted inclusion criteria, and then articles identified and accepted were subjected to a qualitative analysis.
Results. Searching the Google Scholar database by accepted key words resulted in 10,663 records. After analyzing the titles and abstracts of these papers, 19 articles were subjected to further analysis. As a result of searching journals included in the Arianta database according to established key words, 10 articles were identified, 8 of which were qualified for further analysis. After removing duplicates, 17 articles were approved for the final analysis. Qualitative analysis of the research results published in these papers allowed to distinguish the following categories: an image of nurses and nursing in various social groups, elements of nurses’ image in the media and society, actions aiming at improving the image of nurses and nursing in Poland, changes in the image of nurses and nursing in Poland over the years and the direction of these changes.
Conclusions. The issue of an image of nurses and nursing in the media and in the society has been a frequent subject of research of nurses in Poland in the recent years. These studies concern primarily opinions on the image of nurses and nursing, factors which determine the image of nurses and nursing in Poland, constitutive elements of the image, the possibility of improving the image and people/ institutions responsible for it.
Adrian Man, Cosmin Moldovan and Minodora Dobreanu
References 1. International standard_editors_for website_11_ Nov_2011.pdf [Internet]. [cited 2013 Nov 10]. Available from: http://publicationethics.org/files/International%20standard_editors_for%20website_11_Nov_2011.pdf 2. ICMJE: The New ICMJE Recommendations [Internet]. [cited 2013 Dec 1]. Available from: http://www.icmje.org/new_recommendations.html 3. Romanian Review of Laboratory Medicine | Versita [Internet]. [cited 2013 Nov 10]. Available from: http://versita.com/serial/romanian-review
Mateusz Rawski, Christoph Mans, Bartosz Kierończyk, Sylwester Świątkiewicz, Aneta Barc and Damian Józefiak
Freshwater turtles are commonly kept in captivity as pets, bred in zoos for conservation programs, and commercially farmed for pet markets and human consumption, but their nutrition can be challenging. However, based on practical experience, two main strategies may be identified: the use of non-calculated raw diets and the use of balanced commercial feeds. Raw diets are based on fresh, frozen and dried components including invertebrates, fish, rodents and plant matter; they imitate the variety of foods that are accessible to turtles in the wild and are considered most useful when turtles are bred for reintroduction into their natural habitat as part of conservation programs. Granulated, pelleted or extruded commercial diets are frequently used for farmed and pet turtles; they contain animal- and plant-based materials supplemented with vitamin and mineral premixes and calculated to reach the nutrient levels assumed to be optimal for most species. Until more species-specific information on the nutritional requirements of freshwater turtles is available, the Chinese softshell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis), a commonly commercially farmed species for human consumption, may be used as a reference for other species in terms of suggested nutrient levels. Based on experimental data, the most important nutrients and their levels that should be included in turtle diets are crude protein (39.0-46.5%), crude fat (8.8%), Ca (5.7%), P (3.0%), methionine (1.03%), and cysteine (0.25%). The diet composition for freshwater turtles should be based on scientific knowledge and practical experience, so this paper aimed to present and discuss the available data on the nutrient requirements of turtles and the characteristics of the feed materials used in their nutrition.