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Fragmenting the Family? The Complexity of Household Migration Strategies in Post-apartheid South Africa

29% of all African adults who were nonresident members of a rural household for reasons of employment (or temporary labor migrants); by 2008, this had increased to 37% ( Posel, 2010 ). When migration is defined more broadly to include any move across a municipal boundary, then Schiel and Leibbrandt (2015) estimate that by 2012, rates of male and female migration had equalized. In the context of low and falling marriage rates in South Africa, women typically bear both economic and caregiving responsibilities for children ( Hatch and Posel, 2018 ). A persistence

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Psychosocial and Physical Benefits of Exercise Among Rural Secondary School Students

.M., & Roth, W.T. (2006). Core Concepts in Health. 10th ed. New York: McGraw Hill. Lennox, A., Pienaar, A.E., & Coetzee, M. (2007). Barriers, motivators, sport participation and perceptions about physical activity among adolescents living in semi-urban surroundings. African Journal of Physical, Health, Education, Recreation and Dance, September (Supplement): 289-303. National Rural Health Alliance. (2011). Physical activity in rural Australia. Available from: http

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Voices heard and lessons learnt: Exploring multiple knowledges and local participation in a community-based integrated early childhood development project in rural South Africa

: Sage Publications. Giroux, H.A. (2009). Paulo Freire and the politics of postcolonialism. In A. Kempf (Ed.), Breaching the colonial contract: Anti-colonialism in the US and Canada. USA: Springer. Hall, K., Sambu, W., Berry L., Giese, S., & Almeleh, C. (2017). South African early childhood review 2017 . Cape Town: Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town and Ilifa Labantwana. Hall, K., & Sambu, W. (2018). Income, poverty, unemployment and social grants. In K. Hall, L. Richter, Z. Mokomane, & L. Lake (Eds.) South African child gauge 2018

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Hierarchies of knowledge, incommensurabilities and silences in South African ECD policy: Whose knowledge counts?

References Bacchi, C. (2000). Policy as discourse: What does it mean? Where does it get us? Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 21 (1), 45-57. Bacchi, C. (2009). Analysing policy: What’s the problem represented to be? Frenchs Forest, N.S.W. : Pearson Education. Biersteker, L., & Rudolph, N. (2005). Protecting the rights of orphans and vulnerable children aged 0-8: South African case study. Unpublished report for ECD Network Africa (ECDNA). Burman, E. (2008). Developments

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Determinants of Access to Formal Credit by the Poor Households

of credit constraints on household welfare in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, African Journal of Agricultural Research 2010, 5(16), pp. 2243-2252. Barslund, M and Tarp F. (2008) Formal and informal rural credit in four provinces of Vietnam”, in: Journal of Development Studies, 44(4): 485‐503. Chaudhuri, K., Cherical, M. M. (2011) Credit rationing in rural credit markets of India. Applied Economics, 44(7): 803-812. D’Espallier, B., Guérin. I., Mersland, R. (2009) Women and Repayment in Microfinance, Working

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The Motor Development and Motor Skill Levels of 6-Year-Old Children from the Lublin Voivodeship

children in Turkey. Pediatric International 47(1), 26-31. 26. Cieśla E., Domagała Z., Markowska M., Mleczko E., Nowak­Starz G., Przychodni A. (2012). The differences in the level of biological health indicators for 7-year-old children living in different regions of Poland.Antropomotoryka 58, 33-46. 27. Monyeki M.A., Koppes L.L.J., Kemper H.C.G., Monyeki K.D., Toriola A.L., Pienaar A.E. et al. (2005). Body composition and physical fitness of undernourished South African rural primary school children. European Journal of Clinical Nutri

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Late childhood and adolescence growth sensitivity to political transition: the case of South African Cape coloured schoolchildren during and post-apartheid

effects on child growth in body size among urban and rural South African Cape Coloured children. Perspectives in Human Biology 4(2):41-49. Leibbrandt M, Bhorat H, Woolard I. 1999. Understanding contemporary household inequality in South Africa. Cape Town: Development Policy Research Unit, University of Cape Town. 99/25. Mukuddem-Petersen J, Kruger HS. 2004. Association between stunting and overweight among 10-15-y-old children in the North West Province of South Africa: the THUSA BANA Study. Int J Obes 28:842-51. Popkin BM

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Transformative Interventions Fostering Mainstreaming of Black South African Women into Managerial Positions in the Private Sector

://hdl.handle.net10539/14207 accessed on 9 June 2018. Naidoo, V. (2007). Has Affirmative Action Reached South African Women? available at accessed on 10 June 2018. Ndzwayiba, N. (2012). Challenges of transformation managers in corporate South Africa, available at accessed on 1 March 2018. Ngcobo, T. & Tikly, L.P. (2010). Key dimensions of effective leadership for change: A focus on township and rural

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Effect of Agripreneurship on Employment and Income Generation in Cattle Fattening Business in Nigeria

References 1. Adeiga, A.F.C. (1997). Organisation of children in Agriculture in rural secondary schools in Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State. Lecture delivered at Ijebu Ode,Ogun State. In: Arowolo, O.O., Lawal, A.M and Ogundijo, J.I. (2013). Grass-root youth involvement in cattle activities Oyo State, South western Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development , 5(5):100-106. 2. Agu, M.N. (2013). Need to empower Nigeria children and youths through information technology. International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering , 2(6): 61

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Women’s Status among Households in Southern Ethiopia: Survey of Autonomy and Power

-Kekana L. (2002). “Risk factors for domestic violence: findings from South African, cross sectional study”. Social Science and Medicine. 55: 603-17. Kishor, S., & Johnson, K. (2004). Profiling domestic violence - A multi-country study. Calverton, Maryland: ORC Macro. Koenig MA, Ahmed S, Hossain MB, Mozumder ABMKA (2003). “Individual and community-level determinants of domestic violence in rural Bangladesh”. Demography. 40:269-288. Koenig MA, Lutalo T, Zhao F, et al (2004). “Coercive sex in rural Uganda: prevalence and

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