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Andrzej Czyżewski and Anna Matuszczak

Summary

The purpose of this article is to assess budgetary spending targeted agriculture (first pillar) and rural areas (the second pillar) of the CAP in Poland in the long period. there was compared the structures of the EU budget spending and the national for the first and second pillar of the CAP in passing the 2007-2013 financial perspective and was assessed whether there is a convergence pattern of the aid. It shows the differences between the proportions of European and domestic spending for the objectives of the CAP implemented in Poland. Also was identified the existence of convergence between the level of spending for certain titles financed from the national budget and EU.

Open access

Andrzej Czyżewski and Anna Matuszczak

/2004, 01/2005, 01/2006, 01/2007, 01/2008, 01/2009, 01/2010, 1-2/2011. 9. Czyżewski A., A. Grzelak, Rolnictwo w Polsce na tle sytuacji ogólnoekonomicznej kraju w okresie kryzysu 2007-2009, „Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych”, Seria G, SGGW, Warszawa 2011. 10. Czyżewski A., A. Henisz-Matuszczak (2006): Rolnictwo Unii Europejskiej i Polski; Studium porównawcze regulatorów i rynków rolnych, AEP, Poznań, wyd. II. 11. Czyżewski A., P. Kułyk, Relacje między otoczeniem makroekonomicznym a rolnictwem w krajach wysoko rozwiniętych i w Polsce

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Sylwia Michalska

rural life in middleage West] Dzun W., 2014. Produkcyjne wykorzystanie zasobów ziemi rolnej w gospodarstwach rolnych z uwzględnieniem ich form prawno-organizacyjnych [The productive use of agricultural land resources on farms in relations to their organised legal form]. Wieś i Rolnictwo 4(165), pp. 61-82. Available at: http://kwartalnik.irwirpan.waw.pl/archive?year=2014 . Dzun W. 2014 Produkcyjne wykorzystanie zasobów ziemi rolnej w gospodarstwach rolnych z uwzględnieniem ich form prawno-organizacyjnych [The productive use of agricultural

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Andrzej Czyżewski and Bazyli Czyżewski

rolnej w gospodarce rynkowej. Ujęcie makro- i mikroekonomiczne, Wyd. AE w Poznaniu, Poznań. 9. Czyżewski A., Matuszczak A, (eds.) (2012), Ekonomia i jej społeczne otoczenie, Wyd. Kujawsko-Pomorskiej Szkoły Wyższej w Bydgoszczy, Bydgoszcz. 10. Czyżewski A. (2009), Potrzeba badań makroekonomicznych w gospodarce żywnościowej, „Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych”, nr 2, seria G. 11. Czyżewski A. (2005), Rolnictwo w procesie reprodukcji. Różne wizje dostosowań rynkowych, in: B. Klepacki (ed.), Kwestia agrarna w Polsce i na świecie, Wyd

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Kati Berninger, Jari Koskiaho and Sirkka Tattari

Abstract

This case study summarizes the current knowledge in Finland on the efficiency of constructed wetlands to improve water quality at the same time providing multiple benefits. The efficiency is highly dependent on the wetland’s relative size compared to the upstream catchment area, and on the amount of agricultural land in the upstream catchment. The case study analyses the incentives designed to motivate landowners to construct wetlands in Finland such as the non-productive investment support and the agri-environment payment support for wetland management. Farmers think that the support system is heavy and bureaucratic, and thus the target number of new constructed wetlands is far from being met. Individual projects have been more successful in wetland construction than the official support system. General wetland plans drafted for hotspot areas is an example of enabling factors and strict eligibility rules form one of the barriers of wetland construction identified in this case study. In spite of the criticism of the current wetland incentives, a support system for wetland construction is needed. One option would be to give regional authorities more freedom to select priority areas according to e.g. River Basin Management Plans.

Open access

Waldemar Mioduszewski

Water for agriculture and natural environment

Views on the objectives and role of water management have remarkably changed in the last years. The need of a complex water management that would consider all water users including agriculture and natural environment is often underlined. It is pointed out that agriculture and natural environment (including commercial forests) are basic consumers of precipitation water which is not considered in water and economic balances. More and more importance is attributed to the utilisation of waters from catchment basin and to application of non-technical measures of controlling water cycles. A large impact of agro-ecosystems and natural or semi-natural (forests, wetlands) ecosystems on water balance is underlined. This different approach to the problems of water management is expressed e.g. in Water Framework Directive of European Union devoted to surface and ground water protection. The directive attributes a great role to the protection of aquatic and water related ecosystems. More and more often it is realised that the total water resources are equal to the volume of atmospheric precipitation. Water management should involve not only the water in geological aquifers or river channels but also that which is retained in soil profile. Such elements of water balance as spatial distribution, interception, infiltration and recharge of ground water reservoirs, soil retention capacity, surface runoff and evapotranspiration depend largely on land use in a catchment. Through appropriate land use and catchment management, application of rational agro-technical methods, development of small retention, wetland restoration, and hampering water outflow from draining systems one may significantly affect water cycling in a catchment.

Small water resources of Poland, increasing water consumption, climate changes and requirements of environmental protection enforce the implementation of complex methods of water management and search for environmental-friendly methods of limiting economic losses caused by water deficit or excess. Saving water used for economic purposes and agriculture would permit better fulfilment of the needs of natural environment.

Open access

Dariusz Czakowski

References 1. Czyżewski A., Henisz-Matuszczak A. (2006), Rolnictwo Unii Europejskiej i Polski. Studium porównawcze struktur wytwórczych i regulatorów rynków rolnych ,. AE w Poznaniu, Poznań, s. 31-32. 2. Józwiak W., Michna W., Mirkowska Z. (2011), Procesy zachodzące w rolnictwie polskim w latach 1990-2010, projekcje na rok 2013 i pożądana wizja rolnictwa w 2020 roku - zagadnienia wybrane , IERiGŻ, Warsaw 2010, s. 12-13). 3. Kowalski A. (2009), Polski sektor żywnościowy 5 lat po akcesji, „Biuletyn ARR

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Bazyli Czyżewski and Agnieszka Brelik

References 1. Blaug M. (2000), Teoria ekonomii, PWN, Warszawa. 2. Brelik A., (2014), Public goods and the sustainable development of agritourismlooking for the valuation indicators. Economic Science for Rural Development, no.35, Jelgava. 3. Czyżewski A., Czyżewski B. (2014), New paradigm of development as a modern challenge in agriculture, “MANAGEMENT”, Vol. 18, No. 1. 4. Czyżewski A., Smędzik K. (2013), Intensywne rolnictwo w procesach specjalizacji i dywersyfi kacji produkcji rolnej. Ujęcie

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Halina Jankowska-Huflejt, Barbara Wróbel and Stanisław Twardy

-2006. 2007. (Report on the status of organic farming in Poland in the years 2005-2006). Warszawa, Główny Inspektorat Jakości Handlowej Artykułów Rolno-Spożywczych. http://www.ijhar-s.gov.pl/pliki/download/Raport_eko.pdf Reklewski Z., Krzyżewski J. (eds), 1997. Chów i hodowla zwierząt gospodarskich. (Raising and breeding of farm animals). Warszawa, Wydaw. Rozwój SGGW: 1-284. Rocznik statystyczny rolnictwa 2009, 2010. (Statistical Yearbook of Agriculture). Warszawa, GUS. Rolnictwo ekologiczne w

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Grzegorz Spychalski

Abstract

The paper describes basic determinants of the medical plant cultivation in Polish agriculture. The author discussed economic background of the introduction of these plants indicating the role of pharmaceutical industry in herb usage. Then, there is a presentation of results of the survey study carried out among farmers from the Wielkopolska region. Approximately 10% of the farms cultivate medicinal plants but more than 50% declare some interest in this kind of production, what indicates a big potential. Farmers think that herbs are economically attractive crops if the sale is guaranteed and the price is satisfactory. The demand for medicinal plants is developing and expanding for e.g. dietary supplements and other health-promoting products. Therefore, it can be concluded that cultivation of medicinal plants is the prospective direction of agricultural production and an important element of additional income of Polish farmers.