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References BARTLETT, T., 2014. Analysing power in language. London: Routledge. BAUMLIN, J., 2007. Ethos. In: Th. Sloane, ed. Encyclopedia of rhetoric. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 278-292. BIRIA, R. and MOHAMMADI, A., 2012. The sociopragmatic function of inaugural speech: A critical discourse analysis approach. Journal of Pragmatics, vol. 44, pp. 1290-1302. BONNEFILLE, S., 2012. Obama’s and Sarkozy’s remarks at the U.N.’s Climate Change summit: A contest between figurative and literal
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Marciszewski Marciszewski and Kazimierz Trzęsicki
We ask which ideas of cognitive science have their roots in traditional logic, grammar and rhetoric.We also emphasize the presence of cognitive science in the pages of Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric since its very beginning.
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References ARISTOTLE., 1926. The art of rhetoric. Trans. J. H. Freese. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press/William Heinemann Ltd. BLAKEMORE, D., 1992. Understanding utterances: An introduction to pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell. BROWN, P. and LEVINSON, S., 1987. Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. BRUMMETT, B., 2006. Rhetoric in popular culture. 2nd ed. London: Sage BURKE, K., 1950/1992. A rhetoric of motives. Berkeley
Ana Cristina Băniceru
(Ed.). New York: Routledge, pp. 39-53. Tyler, Stephen.1987. The Unspeakable: Discourse, Dialogue, and Rhetoric in the Postmodern World. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
The article deals with EU judicial rhetoric and aims to demonstrate how a selection of modal adverbs of certainty (indeed, clearly, (not) necessarily and of course) are used in the Opinions of the Advocates General at the European Court of Justice (ECJ). To this end, it focuses on the rhetorical functions of these adverbs, such as adding emphasis, showing a high degree of commitment and backgrounding alternative viewpoints. The study applies the notions of stance and engagement (Hyland, 2005) and builds on the research into modal adverbs of certainty reported in Simon-Vandenbergen and Aijmer (2007). In summary, the analysis sheds light on the rhetorical potential of modal adverbs, stressing the dialogic dimension of legal opinion writing.