, without education, will start up amonst us, and distinguish themselves in every profession. In JAMAICA indeed they talk of one negroe as a man of parts and learning; but ‘tis likely he is admired for very slender accomplishments like a parrot, who speaks a few words plainly.“ Bei dem von Hume erwähnten, namenlosen afroamerikanischen Mann handelt es sich um Francis Wallis, wie Gates Jr., Henry Louis (1987): Figures in Black: Words, Signs and the „Racial Self“, Oxford: University Press, S. 13, 18, 43, herausgefunden hat. Siehe auch Ronnick, Michel Valerie (1998): Francis
Dariusz Tworzydło, Przemysław Szuba and Marek Zajic
The way of conducting communication during the image crisis is a special type of challenge for the company. Lack of preparation of the company for proper communication management may be crucial in averting and/or reducing the effects of crises. The paper presents the results of research conducted among experts from the PR industry and representatives of the largest Polish enterprises from the 500 List compiled by “Rzeczpospolita” daily newspaper. The vast majority of Polish enterprises show an open-minded approach to crisis communication. Companies from oppressive industries, where crises occur more often, are better prepared for crisis communication. The determinants of effective communication in the situation of image threats are, according to the leaders of public relations agencies, anti-crisis preparation, presence of procedures, openness and honesty in communication processes as well as quick response time.
Technological, Market and Organizational Change. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Trappel, Josef 2008. ‘Online Media within the Public Service Realm? Reasons to Include Online into the Public Service Mission’. - Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 14, 3, 313-322.
Witschge, Tamara; Nygren, Gunnar 2009. ‘Journalism: A Profession under Pressure?’ - Journal of Media Business Studies, 6, 1, 37-59.