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Duangporn Thong-Ngam, Maneerat Chayanupatkul and Vikit Kittisupamongkon

. 2004; 363: 157-63. 13. Sternfeld B, Ngo L, Tager IB. Associations of body composition with physical performance and selfreported functional limitation in elderly men and women. Am J Epidemiol. 2002; 156:110-21. 14. Larsson UE. Influence of weight loss on pain, perceived disability and observed functional limitations in obese women. Int J Obes Relat Disord. 2004; 28:269-77. 15. Jensen GL, Roy MA, Buchanan AE, Berg MB. Weight loss intervention for obese older women: improvements in performance and function. Obes Res. 2004

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Carlos Lago-Peñas

-168 Bradley PS, Di Mascio M, Peart D, Olsen P, Sheldon B. High-intensity profiles of elite soccer players at different performance levels. J Strength Cond Res , 2010; 24: 2343-2351 Brown T, Van Raalte J, Brewer B, Winter CR, Conrnelius A, Andersen M. World Cup soccer home advantage. J Sport Behav, 2002; 25: 134-144 Carling C. Analysis of physical activity profiles when running with the ball in a professional soccer team. J Sports Sci , 2010; 28: 319-326 Carling C, Bloomfield J, Nelsen L, Reilly T. The role of motion

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Alliance Kubayi, Yvonne Paul, Prescott Mahlangu and Abel Toriola

Introduction Soccer is the most popular sport in the world, with the FIFA World Cup usually attracting millions of spectators ( Clark, 2007 ; Reilly et al., 2000 ). Despite its global acclaim, studies have often focused on tactics and techniques at the expense of physical factors ( Helgerud et al., 2001 ). Williams and Franks (1998) are of the view that psychological, perceptual, technical, anthropometric and physiological factors must all be highly developed to reach an elite performance level. Therefore, in order to be successful, soccer players need

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Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados and Javier Yanci

inspiratory muscle training on respiratory function and repetitive sprint performance in wheelchair basketball players. Br J Sports Med , 2008; 44: 665–668 Goosey-Tolfrey V, Tolfrey K. The multi-stage fitness test as a predictor of endurance fitness in wheelchair athletes. J Sports Sci , 2010; 26(5): 511-517 Granados C, Izquierdo M, Ibañez J, Ruesta M, Gorostiaga EM. Are there any differences in physical fitness and throwing velocity between national and international elite female handball players? J Strength Cond Res , 2013; 27(3): 723-732 Granados C

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Gül Tiryaki-Sönmez, Brad Schoenfeld and Serife Vatansever-Ozen

:269-284. Guezennec C. Y., J. F. Nadaud, P. Satabin, F. Leger, P. Lafargue (1989) Influence of polyunsaturated fatty acid diet on the hemorrheological response to physical exercise in hypoxia. Int. J. Sports Med. 10:286-291. Hainault I., M. Carolotti, E. Hajduch, C. Guichard, M. Lavau (1993) Fish oil in a high lard diet prevents obesity, hyperlipidemia, and adipocyte insulin resistance in rats. Ann. NY. Acad. Sci. 683: 98-101. Harris W. S. (1989) Fish oils and plasma lipid and lipo-protein metabolism in humans: a critical

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Luís Vaz, Tomaz Morais, Henrique Rocha and Nic James

References Adendorff L, Pienaar AE, Malan DDJ, Hare E. Physical and motor abilities, rugby skills and anthropometric characteristics: A follow-up investigation of successful and less successful rugby players. J Hum Movement Stud, 2004; 46(6): 441-457 Alemdaroglu U. The Relationship Between Muscle Strength, Anaerobic Performance, Agility, Sprint Ability and Vertical Jump Performance in Professional Basketball Players. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 31: 149-158 Argus CK, Gill ND, Keogh JWL. Characterization of the Differences in Strength and Power between Different

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Mariusz Ozimek, Robert Staszkiewicz, Robert Rokowski and Arkadiusz Stanula

Introduction Sport climbing is becoming increasingly popular. Climbing can be performed for recreational purposes or as a competition, on both natural rocks and indoors. The growing interest in this form of physical activity makes it easier to organize sports events that quite naturally, involve the implementation of relevant training methods that prepare climbers to compete and win. As in any other sport discipline, the factors determining top performance must be precisely established to increase the effectiveness of athlete recruitment, selection and

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Pablo Lollo, Jaime Amaya-Farfan and Luciano de Carvalho-Silva

References ACSM's (2006). ACSM's resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Baltimore. MA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Med, 2008; 38: 37-51. Blake BR, Tipton KD, Miller SI, Wolf SE, Wolfe RR. An oral essential amino acid-carbohydrate supplement enhances muscle protein anabolism after resistance

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Adam Zajâc, Miłosz Czuba, Stanisław Poprzecki, Zbigniew Waśkiewicz, Jarosław Cholewa, Jan Pilch and Jakub Chycki

, Madgwick Z, Whyte GP. The exercise-induced growth hormone response in athletes. Sports Med, 2003. 33: 599-613 Kanaley JA, Weatherup-Dentes MM, Hartman ML. Obesity attenuates the growth hormone response to exercise. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 1999. 4(9):3156-61 Lanfranco F, Gianotti L, Giordano R, Pellegrino M, Maccario M, Atvat E. Ageing, growth hormone and physical performance. J Endocrinol Invest, 2003. 26(9):861-72 Lewis UJ, Sinha YN, Lewis GP. Structure and properties of members of the hGH

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Paulina Górska, Jana Krzysztoszek, Agata Korcz and Michał Bronikowski

References 1. Akpınar E., Yıldız E., Tatar N., Ergin Y.F. (2009) Stu­dents’ attitudes toward science and technology: an inves­tigation of gender, grade level, and academic achieve­ment. Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci., 1(4): 2804-2808. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.498. 2. Bass R.W., Brown D.D., Laurson K.R., Coleman M.M. (2013) Physical fitness and academic performance in middle school students. Acta Paediatr., 12: 832-837. DOI: 10.1111/apa.12278. 3. Benson A.C., Torode M.E., Fiatarone Singh M.A. (2006) Muscular