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Diogo Telles-Correia, Sérgio Saraiva and João Gama Marques

REFERENCES 1. Kirkbright, S. Karl Jaspers. A Biography. Navigation in truth. New Haven and London: Yale University Press; 2004. 2. Fulford KWM, Thornton T, Graham G. Phenomenology. In: Thornton T, Graham G, editors. Oxford Textbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. USA: Oxford University Press; 2006. 3. Weber M. Objectivity in social science and social policy. In: The Methodology of the Social Sciences, Shils EA, Finch HA, editors. New York: The Free Press; 1904. 4. Jaspers K. General psychopathology. Baltimore: Manchester University Press

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Philipp Berghofer

, Ontologie und Metaphysik. Kommentar zu Christian Beyer.” in Welt der Gründe, ed. Julian Nida-Rümelin & Elif Özmen, 31-47. Hamburg: Meiner. Heelan, Patrick (1987): “Husserl’s Later Philosophy of Natural Science,” Philosophy of Science 54, 3, 368-390. Heffernan, George (1998): “Miscellaneous Lucubrations on Husserl’s Answer to the Question ‘was die Evidenz sei’: A Contribution to the Phenomenology of Evidence on the Occasion of the Publication of Husserliana Volume XXX”, Husserl Studies 15, 1-75. Hobson, Art

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Marek Pokropski

Untersuchungen zur Konstitution (M. Biemel, Ed.). The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 1952. Husserliana XI. Analysen zur passiven Synthesis. Aus Vorlesungs- und Forschungs-manuskripten, 1918–1926 (M. Fleischer, Ed.). The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 1966. Husserliana X. Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstesens (1893–1917) (R. Boehm, Ed.). The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 1969. Husserl, E. (1983). Ideas pertaining to a pure phenomenology and to a phenomenological philosophy , First Book (F. Kersten, Trans.). The Hague

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Jerzy Kosiewicz

References Copleston, F. (1995). Historia filozofii [History of Philosophy]. Warszawa: PAX, 176-187. Hegel, G .w.F. (1963). Fenomenologia ducha [Phenomenology of Spirit] vol. l. Warszawa: PWN. Gromczyński, W. (1969). Heglowska teoria Pana i Niewolnika i jej wpływ na Sartre'a [Hegelian Master-Slave Theory and Its Influence on Sartre]. In Człowiek, świat rzeczy, Bóg w filozofii Sarte'a. Warszawa: PWN. Panasiuk, R (1979). Koncepcja podmiotu poznania w Hegla "Fenomenologii ducha" [The Concept of the

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Andrzej Kowalczyk

References ALBERS P., JAMES W., 1988, Travel photography: a methodological approach, Annals of Tourism Research, 15, 1, pp. 134-158. ANDRIOTIS K., 2009, Sacred site experience. A phenomenological study, Annals of Tourism Research, 36, 1, pp. 64-84. COHEN E., 1979, A phenomenology of tourist experiences, Sociology, 13, 1, pp. 179-201. COHEN E., 1988, Authenticity and commodization in tourism, Annals of Tourism Research, 15, 3, pp. 371-386. DE BOTTON A., 2003, The art of travel

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Masoodi Marjan

References 1. Ali, N., & Peebles, D. (2013). The effect of Gestalt laws of perceptual organization on the Comprehension of three-variable bar and line graphs. Human Factors , 55(1), 183-203. 2. Annells, M. (2006). Triangulation of qualitative approaches: hermeneutical phenomenology and grounded theory. Journal of Advanced Nursing , 56(1), 55-61. 3. Baker, C., Wuest, J., & Stern, P.N. (1992). Method slurring: the grounded theory/phenomenology example. Journal of Advanced Nursing , 17, 1335-1360. 4. Bryant, A., & Charmaz, K. (2007). The

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Henning Eichberg

Abstract

Disability has become an increasingly important field of investment for modern welfare policy-visible in architecture for wheelchair users as well as in budgets for health care. This documents a gain in solidarity, but it implies also some challenges of practical and philosophical character. Play and games (of, for, and with disabled people) make these challenges bodily. These challenges will here be explored in three steps.

In the first step, we discover the paradoxes of equality and categorization, normalization and deviance in the understanding of disability. Ableism, a negative view on disability, is just around the corner. The Paralympic sports for disabled people make this visible. However, play with disabled people shows alternative ways. And it calls to our attention how little we know, so far, about how disabled people play.

The second step leads to an existential phenomenology of disablement. Sport and play make visible to what degree the building of “handicap” is a cultural achievement. All human beings are born disabled and finally die disabled-and inbetween they create hindrances to make life dis-eased. Dis-ease is a human condition.

However, and this is an important third step, disablement and dis-eased life are not just one, but highly differentiated. These differences are relevant for political practice and have to be recognized. Attention to differences opens up a differential phenomenology of disablement and of disabled people in play-as a basis for politics of recognition.

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Barnaby Nelson and Louis A. Sass

References: 1 Nelson B, Whitford TJ, Lavoie S, Sass LA: What are the neurocognitive correlates of basic self-disturbance in schizophrenia?: Integrating phenomenology and neurocognition: Part 2 (aberrant salience). Schizophr Res 2014;152:20-27. 2 Nelson B, Whitford TJ, Lavoie S, Sass LA: What are the neurocognitive correlates of basic self-disturbance in schizophrenia?: Integrating phenomenology and neurocognition. Part 1 (source monitoring deficits). Schizophr Res 2014;152:12-19. 3 Borda JP, Sass LA: Phenomenology and neurobiology of self

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Katarzyna Salamon-Krakowska

Ciało niepełnosprawne w perspektywie Fenomenologii percepcji M. Merleau-Ponty'ego

Niezależnie od historycznych uwarunkowań, niezależnie od zmieniających się naukowych paradygmatów, zawsze, gdy na horyzoncie myślenia pojawia się kwestia cielesności, wraz z nią niechybnie uobecnia się kwestia duszy. Wydaje się, że wzajemna relacja tego, co cielesne i tego, co duchowe, została przesądzona, nierzadko bowiem można odnieść wrażenie, że wciąż pozostajemy pod wpływem platońskiego wyobrażenia ciała, którym włada dusza. Jednym z przykładów dominacji platońskiego paradygmatu jest współczesny dyskurs paraolimpijski. Stawiając problem ciała niepełnosprawnego w kontekście rehabilitacji oraz sportu autorka chciała pokazać, jak możliwe jest myślenie, a tym samym mówienie o ciele w kategoriach innych niż te tylko, które odwołują się do opozycji fizyczne - duchowe. Próbą przezwyciężenia tej opozycji jest filozofia cielesności Merleau-Ponty'ego. Sięgamy zatem po Fenomenologię percepcji w nadziei, że zawarte w niej rozważania utorują drogę naszemu spojrzeniu i pomogą nam ujrzeć ciało w nieznanej dotąd perspektywie.

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Nataliya Bulatevych

Abstract

Introduction. The article is devoted to the phenomenology of burnout symptoms among teachers and determining their individual characteristics.

Aim. The aim was to study the phenomenology of the burnout process among teachers and to define its individual determinants.

Material and methods. The theoretical basis for the study was a burnout model described by V.V. Boyko considering the burnout as a mechanism of psychological protection of personality in response to the traumatic circumstances of the environment. The following diagnostic tools were used: the Boyko’s Emotional Burnout Inventory, the Inventory on behavior and experience in the working environment by W. Schaarschmidt and A. Fischer and the individual-typological questionnaire by L.Sobchik. In order to calculate and evaluate the results, methods of mathematical statistics were applied.

Results. The results of polling 132 teachers show that more than one third of working teachers show prominent features of high level burnout. This is combined with a number of personality traits and features of behavior, and with an emotional response of the teacher to the circumstances of the working environment, what suggests the need for the development and systematic implementation of prevention programs and correction of burnout among working teachers.

Conclusions. A significant part of the surveyed teachers show signs of burnout expressed at a significant level. Thus, the problem of psychological assistance and psychological support for working teachers remains relevant and requires the search for effective technologies and techniques for providing psychological assistance.