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Edyta Gibas and Agnieszka Richert

. & Czerwiński, W. (2012). Thermal properties of nanocomposites based on polyethylene and n-heptaquinolinum modifi ed montmorillonite. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 110, 479-484. DOI: 10.1007/s10973-012-2380-9. 4. Shogren, R. (1997). Water vapor permeability of biodegradable polymers. J. Environ. Polym. Degrad. 2, 91-95. DOI: 10.1007/BF02763592. 5. Langer, E., Waśkiewicz, S., Lenartowicz-Klik, M. & Bortel, K. (2015). Application of waste poly(ethylene terephthalate) in the syn-thesis of new oligomeric plasticizers. Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 119, 105

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Abdur Razzaque, Pavla Tesinova and Lubos Hes

References [1] Ahmad, S., Ahmad, F., Afzal, A., Rasheed, A., Mohsin, M. & Ahmad, N. (2015). Effect of weave structure on thermo-physiological properties of cotton fabrics. AUTEX Research Journal, Vol. 19, No 1, March 2019, 15(1), 30–34. [2] Ahn, H. W., Park, C. H. & Chung, S.E. (2010). Waterproof and breathable properties of nanoweb applied clothing. Textile Research Journal, 81, 1438–1447. [3] Boguslawska-Baczek, M. & Hes, L. (2013). Effective water vapour permeability of wet wool fabric and blended fabrics. Fibers and Textiles in Eastern

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Grażyna Bartkowiak, Iwona Frydrych and Agnieszka Greszta

al. (2007). Moisture transmission through textiles Part II: Evaluation Methods and Mathematical Modelling. Autex Research Journal, 7(3), 194-216. [5] Directive 89/686/EEC: Personal Protective Equipment. Web site: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal [6] EN 469: 2014 Protective clothing for firefighters. Performance requirements for protective clothing for firefighting. [7] EN ISO 9237: 1995 Textiles. Determination of the permeability of fabrics to air. [8] EN ISO 11092: 2014 Textiles. Physiological effects. Measurement of thermal and water

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Abdelhamid R.R. Aboalasaad, Z. Skenderi, Kolčavová S. Brigita and Amany A.S. Khalil

References [1] Utkun, E. (2015). A research on various comfort properties of interlock knitted fabrics. Industria Textila, 66(1). [2] Huang, J. (2016). Review of heat and water vapor transfer through multilayer fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 86(3), 325-336 [3] Ghosh, A., Mal, P., Majumdar, A., Banerjee, D. (2017). An investigation on air and thermal transmission through knitted fabric structures using the Taguchi method. Autex Research Journal, 17(2), 152-163. DOI: 10.1515/aut-2016-0009. [4] Qian, X., Fan, J. (2009). A quasi

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Qing Chen, Xuhong Miao, Haiwen Mao, Pibo Ma and Gaoming Jiang

Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method). [30] China GB/T5453-1997-Textiles-Determination of the permeability of fabrics to air. [31] China GB/T 12704.1-2009-Test method for water-vapour transmission of fabrics-Part 1:Desiccant method. [32] Oner, E., Atasagun, H.G., Okur, A., Beden, A.R., Durur, G. (2013) Evaluation of moisture management properties on knitted fabrics. Journal of the Textile Institute,104(7),699-707. [33] Gun, A. D. (2011) Dimensional, physical and thermal comfort properties of plain knitted fabrics made from modal viscose

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Viera Glombikova and Petra Komarkova

Clothing Science and Technology, 16 (4), pp. 361-367 [7] Hu, J. et al. (2005). Moisture Management tester: A Method to Characterize Fabric Liquid Moisture Management properties, Textile Research Journal, 75 (1),pp. 57-62 [8] Mamalis, P. (2001). The effect of a durable flame-retardant finishing on the mechanical properties of cotton knitted fabrics, International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 13 (2), pp. 132-134 [9] Mikucioniene, D. et al. (2012). Influence of plan Knits Structure on Flammability and Air Permeability, Fibres & Textile in Eastern Europe

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Grażyna Bartkowiak, Iwona Frydrych, Agnieszka Komisarczyk and Agnieszka Greszta

References [1] Song, G. (Ed.). (2011). Improving comfort in clothing. Woodhead Publishing (Cambridge). [2] Fourt, L., Holies, N. (Ed.). (1970). Clothing: comfort and function. Marcel Dekker (New York). [3] Sajjadi, A., Sheikhzadeh, M., Rikhtehgaran, R., et al. (2015). Prediction of fabric handle value using ordinal regression model. The Journal of the Textile Institute 106(11), 1161-1172. [4] Mäkinen, M., Meinander, H., Luible, C., et al. (2005). Influence of physical parameters on fabric hand

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Mihaela-Doina Niculescu, Doru-Gabriel Epure, Magdalena Lasoń-Rydel, Carmen Gaidau, Mihai Gidea and Cristina Enascuta

-Enzymatic Hydrolyses of Wool Waste for Different Applications. Rev Chim-Bucharest 2018; 69(7): 1649-1654. 10. Du Z, Ji B, Yan K. Recycling keratin polypeptides for anti-felting treatment of wool based on L-cysteine pretreatment. J Clean Prod 2018; 183: 810-817. 11. Hassanzadeh M, Ghaemy M. Preparation of bio-based keratin-derived magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles for the facile and selective separation of bisphenol A from water. J Sep Sci 2018; 41(10): 2296-2304. 12. Piazza GJ, Garcia RA. Proteins and peptides as renewable flocculants

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Benyoussif Youssef, Aboulhrouz Soumia, El Achaby Mounir, Cherkaoui Omar, Lallam Abdelaziz, El Bouchti Mehdi and Zahouily Mohamed

in Polymer Science, 38, 1653-1689. [4] Sorrentino, A., Gorrasi, G., Vittoria, V. (2007). Potential perspectives of bio-nanocomposites for food packaging applications. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 18, 84-95. [5] Stevens, C., Verhe, R. (Ed.). (2004). Renewable bioresources – scope and modification for non-food applications. Wiley (New York). [6] Thomas, S., Pothan, L. (Ed.). (2009). Cellulose fiber reinforced polymer composites. Old City Publishing (Philadelphia) [7] Belgacem, M.N., Gandini, A. (Ed.). (2008). Monomers polymers and

Open access

von P. Waltz and M. Häusermann

Abstract

Any smoke component is distributed over both the particulate and the gaseaus phases. The distribution is determined by a) the vapour pressure of the considered substance, b) its concentration in the smoke, and c) its physico-chemical affinity for the particulate phase. The availability of a substance in the gaseaus state, i. e. the condition for its selective removal by an appropriate filter, is therefore dependent on these factors. The experiments designed to study these relationships are based on three variables held each at several Ievels: :1. Test substances distinguishing themselves by the factors a), b), and c): Carbon monoxide, crude (moist) smoke condensate, total water, pyridine, total alkaloids, volatile phenols, catechol, and scopoletin. 2. These substances are determined in the smoke trapped separately per individual puffs. The composition of the smoke leaving the cigarette depends on the puff number, according to the factors a), b), and c). 3· Use of four different smoke filtration devices permitting the study of the availability of a given test substance or of its affinity to the filter material. The following expressions are used for the interpretation of the experimental results: The ratio of the yield of test substance to the yield of crude condensate; the coefficients of filtration of the test substance in both the tobacco rod and the experimental filter; the coefflcient of selectivity, defined as the difference between the respective coefficients of filtration for the crude condensate and for the test .substance. The results of the experimentation tend to confirm the initial hypothesis and give ,sufficient detailed information to permit the tentative establishment of a general scheme which allows to predict the selective behaviour of a particular ·smoke component, if its concentration in the smoke, its vapour pressure and its presumable affinity towards a given filter material are known. lt is further shown that a mathematical expression for the yield of a particular smoke component, as a function of the puff number, can be established on an empirical basis for carbon monoxide, · crude condensate, total alkaloids, catechol and scopoletin. The increase in the yield of carbon monoxide with the puff number is shown to be due to a CO loss through the permeable paper wrapper of the cigarette, this loss being smaller as the butt becomes shorter