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Andreou E, Alexopoulos EC., Lionis Ch., Varvogli L., Gnardellis C.H., Chrousos GP, et al. 2011. Preceived Stress Scale: Reliability and Validality Study in Greece. Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3287-98.
Arck PC., Handjiski B, Hagen E, Joachim R, Klapp BF, Paus R. 2001. Indications for a ‘brain-hair follicle axis (BHA)’: inhibition of keratinocyte proliferation and up-regulation of keratinocyte apoptosis in telogen hair
Jan Gąska, Maciej Pyrka, Robert Jeszke, Wojciech Rabiega and Monika Sekuła
identify the main channels driving the carbon leakage. As we still observe fragmented global market, with different, or no carbon price in some regions, there still will be increased stress in regards to carbon leakage, especially on its socio-economical aspects. In this respect, it is worth emphasizing that in this analysis, we focus mainly on emission aspects. Socio-economic changes are equally important in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, and often even greater in the context of political decision-making processes. Moreover, it must be kept
Magdalena Skrzypczak, Piotr Łaski, Urszula Czerniak and Witold Kycler
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Antoni M. H., J. M. Lehman, K. M. Kilbourn, A. E. Boyers, J. L. Culver, et al., 2001, Cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention decreases the prevalence of depression and enhances benefit finding among women under treatment for early
Allebeck P, Bergh C. 1992. Height, body mass index and mortality: do social factors explain the association? Public Health 106:375-82.
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Baradaran A, Nasri H, Rafieian-Kopaei M. 2014. Oxidative stress and hypertension
Joanna Marchewka, Ina Beltrán de Heredia, Xavier Averós, Roberto Ruiz, Adroaldo J. Zanella, Julia Adriana Calderón Díaz and Inma Estevez
clearly within the first 3 h after treatment application, while afterwards, a decrease in acute pain is usually assumed (Graham et al ., 1997 ; Kent et al ., 1998 ; Molony et al ., 2002 ; Grant, 2004 ; McCracken et al ., 2010 ). Lambs may be immunologically stressed around the time of tail docking as a result of sub-clinical disease ( Roger, 2008 ). However, ischaemic necrosis around the tail-docking area was still observed at 4 wk after treatment application, with frequent reddening, swelling, inflammation and minor infection of the skin immediately proximal
in a cubicle house during the dry period (up to 8 wk prior to calving) and outdoors on a pasture-based diet after parturition. Results showed that the pasture-based cows were at greater risk of nutritional and metabolic stress in the first 10 d after calving than the TMR-fed indoor-housed cows. However, this was not found to be associated with any superior immune status of the indoor-based cows or the poorer health of the pasture-based cows. No differences were found between the two groups in relation to immune health indicators. In fact, the pasture-based cows
There is renewed interest in the production of winter barley in recent years in Ireland and the area used to produce winter barley has increased accordingly ( CSO, 2015 ). This can be attributed to a number of factors, including improved grain yields as a result of the introduction of new cultivars. Grain yield is also perceived as being more stable between seasons compared to other crops, particularly, winter wheat. Barley can have two ear structures. In six-row barley, the three spikelets at each node on the rachis are fertile; whereas in two
Pljuvačka kao dijagnostičko sredstvo kod pacijenata sa dijabetesom tip 2: Buduća standardna metoda
Marwa Mrag, Asma Kassab, Asma Omezzine, Raoua Belkacem Chebil, Fatma Ben Fredj Ismail, Nabiha Douki, Chedia Laouani Kechrid, Ali Bouslema and Faten Ben Amor
triggering consequently oral health homeostasis alteration and generating oral diseases ( 4 ). Diabetic subjects are prone to caries, gingivitis and xerostomia ( 5 ).
Diabetes has always been regarded as a challenge to health professionals since it always requires monitoring. Blood analysis is considered as the only conventional method to assess biologic check-up. Nevertheless, the blood draw is invasive, leading to psychological stress for some patients.
Nowadays, researches are focused around setting up noninvasive techniques. Importantly, saliva offers more
Krzysztof Adamczyk, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda, Jacek Nowicki, Małgorzata Gumułka, Edyta Molik, Tomasz Schwarz, Bernadette Earley and Czesław Klocek
ram duringatraining period for artiffical insemination. Arch. Zoot., 48: 273-284.
Amory J.R., Pearce G.P. (2000). Alarm pheromones in urine modify the behaviour of weaner pigs. Anim. Welfare, 9: 167-175.
Angrecka S., Herbut P. (2015). Conditions of cold stress development in dairy cattle kept in free stall barn during severe frosts. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 60: 81-87.
Appleby M.C., Mench J.A., Hughes B.O. (2004). Poultry behaviour and welfare. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 276 pp.
Arnold G.W. (1985
Robert Kupczyński, Anna Budny, Kinga Śpitalniak and Ewa Tracz
, adrenocorticotropic hormone, serotonin, adrenaline, and noradrenaline serum concentrations in relation to disease and stress in the horse. Vet. Sci., 93: 103-107.
Ballou M.A., Sutherland M.A., Brooks T.A., Hulbert L.E., Davis B.L., Cobb C.J. (2013). Administration of anesthetic and analgesic prevent the suppression of many leukocyte responses following surgical castration and physical dehorning. Vet. Immunol. Immunop., 151: 285-293.
Blessing W.W. (2003). Lower brainstem pathways regulating sympathetically mediated changes in cutaneous blood flow