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How do cities and regions adapt to socio-economic crisis? Towards an institutionalist approach to urban and regional resilience

1 Introduction The current public, political and academic interest in concepts of vulnerability and resilience can at least partly be seen in the light of the financial and economic crisis of the late 2000s and continuing forms of perceived social, political, economic and financial crises in a number of European countries. The author thanks three anonymous reviewers for useful comments that helped improve an earlier version of this paper. This has brought a new dimension to these concepts which have their roots in socio-ecological research. The contribution

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Vulnerability and Resilience in a Socio-Spatial Perspective
A Social-Scientific Approach

1 Introduction Perceiving and dealing with endangerments form part of the history of human society. People have always tried to protect themselves from the dangers they perceive. In relation to dealing with dangers, however, it is possible to identify spatial, social and temporal differences. Thus, for instance, neighbouring coastal regions can differ from one another in the way in which they deal with the threat of storm flooding at a particular time, even though they are exposed to very similar physical environments. In addition, in the same coastal region

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Consistency or contradiction? Mobility-Related Attitudes and Travel Mode Use of the Young ‘New Generation’

are determinants of travel behaviour. Often, the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) ( Ajzen 1991 ), which assumes that behaviour is determined by intentions, is used as the theoretical foundation. Ajzen sees this under the premise of actual behaviour control, implying that a person must be able to translate his/her intention into behaviour in the first place. An intention is composed of the attitude towards a certain behaviour, the subjective norm and the perceived control of behaviour. Attitude describes the personal evaluation of behaviour. The subjective norm

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Challenges to national urban policies in the Netherlands

. Therefore the national policy approach changed into a more balanced “equity plus efficiency” approach, paying more attention to deliver the right conditions for economic progress. Before discussing the grotestedenbeleid we will briefly summarise some other aspects of national policy that affected the functioning of the cities. Spatial policy Since the 1980’s national spatial policy stressed the need for economic growth and the role of the market sector. This emphasis on economic growth and international competition has very explicitly put the larger cities in the

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Inner-City Suburbanization – no Contradiction in Terms. Middle-Class Family Enclaves are Spreading in the Cities

auditors often contribute their own experiences and considerations. As a consequence, an important amount of my empirical data originates from my personal circles and from informal sources. I have strived to balance this bias by the formal and distanced methods described above. For a detailed description of my approach, see Frank (2017) . 2 What is a Suburb? Interpreting the spread of inner-city family enclaves as a process of inner-city suburbanization might come as a provocation to many. Planners, in particular, often tend to perceive suburban estates as

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Integrative Planning of Post-suburban Growth in the Glatt Valley (Switzerland)

( Burdack/Hesse 2007 ; Young/Keil 2010 ; Phelps/Wood 2011 ; Mace 2013 ; Charmes/Keil 2015 ). This work has illustrated that the suburban paradigm is not only out-dated, but is an altogether ill-suited metaphorical concept for urban growth. Here, the work of Phelps, Wood and Valler (2010) should be stressed as well. They are clear that ‘post-suburban’ is not, in itself, another essentialist category; rather it is a lens that offers new dimensions to understand and compare new urban spaces. Although much of this literature has focused on North American and British

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Mobilität von Kindern. Stand der Forschung und planerische Konzepte

/Timperio/Crawford 2013 ). 3.5 Das Verkehrssystem Eine große Anzahl von Faktoren des Verkehrssystems, mit im Einzelfall sehr kleinteilig-detaillierten Umständen, können Eltern davon abhalten, ihren Kindern die selbstständige Mobilität zu erlauben. Hierzu zählen hohe Kfz-Verkehrsdichte, hohe Geschwindigkeitsniveaus, breite, zu überquerende Straßen, Unfallschwerpunkte auf der Strecke und – genereller – vom Kfz-Verkehr verursachter Stress (Stone/Larsen/Faulkner et al. 2014; Ahern/Arnott/Chatterton et al. 2017 ; Zhang/Yao/Liu 2017; Scheiner/Huber/Lohmüller 2019). Umgekehrt wird das

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Economic Versus Social Values in Land and Property Management: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

and present social values most effectively and appropriately. One of the dilemmas hereby is that an important characteristic of information on social values is that it is not ‘value-neutral’. Experience has shown that maps showing socio-cultural and socio-economic differences usually trigger political and ideological reactions, and reversely that maps tend to be used to stress or omit a ‘hot’ political issue ( de Vries 2008 ; Moody 2010 ). Fortunately, both legal-institutional and technical instruments are available to support land-use decisions. Various EU

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Governance and Design of Urban Infostructures
Analysing Key Socio-Technical Systems for the Vulnerability and Resilience of Cities

structurally differ from the original state. Following Wildavsky's (1988) distinction between management approaches oriented at either anticipation or resilience, as well as Holling's understanding of "engineering resilience" versus "ecological resilience" (1996), two response strategies are reflected in current resilience thinking (Walker/Carpenter/Anderies et al. 2002; Foster 2006 ; Resilience Alliance 2007): Anticipation strategies : focused on known and predictable problems, aimed at increasing capacity to withstand stress and prepare for failure in order to

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German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy 2008. Guiding Principles for Spatial Development in Germany

of Leitbilder , as well as of the difficulties of finding an equivalent English term for the concept. At the end, Horst Zimmermann expresses his scepticism regarding the usefulness of the term ‘ Leitbild ’. In the second study, Gabi Troeger-Weiß, Hans-Jörg Domhardt and Christoph Scheck present an empirical analysis of engines of growth beyond metropolitan areas. In the context of increasing spatial and social polarization in many European countries, it is a highly relevant chapter. The authors stress that in Germany there are numerous rural regions, and even

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