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Open access

Peiling Wang, Sukjin You, Rath Manasa and Dietmar Wolfram

1 Introduction and Literature Review Scientific research has entered a new era of Open Science, which aims to make all aspects of the scientific research process open and available by promoting new models for the dissemination of findings and the peer review process. Peer review is one of the cornerstones of scholarly inquiry, where peers assess the merits of research to determine if the claims made, methods used, findings and conclusions adhere to accepted practices in conducting scholarship. Assessment by peers also performs an important gatekeeping

Open access

Greta Mulders and Nanda Uitslager


The Verpleegkundigen & Verzorgenden Nederland Verpleegkundig Specialisten (V&VN VS), the Dutch professional organisation representing nurse practitioners, has introduced a requirement for advanced practice (registered) nurses (APRN) who wish to be eligible for reregistration within five years to participate in a peer review group for at least eight hours per year. In 2013, five APRNs caring for people with haemophilia and other bleeding disorders in the Netherlands formed a peer review group. As no framework was available, research was undertaken through reviewing literature and engaging in exploratory discussions within the profession in order to identify best practice in establishing such a group. The initial meeting of the new peer review group agreed possible methodologies and established meeting rules. After four meetings, some initial conclusions can now be drawn on the benefits of this specialised haemophilia peer review group. Overall, it is clear that participation in a forum in which knowledge and expertise are shared, contributes to the professionalism of the APRN.

Open access

Laura Fedeli

Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - (HICSS-48), (4609-4618). Kauai, Hawaii. Fedeli L. (2012). Social media e didattica. Opportunità, criticità e prospettive. Lecce: Pensa Multimedia. Howe, J. (2006). The rise of crowdsourcing. Wired, 14(6). Retrieved from Jefferson, T., Alderson, P. Wager, E., & Davidoff, F. (2002). Effects of editorial peer review: A systematic review. Journal of the American Medical Association, 287, 2784-2786. Lane, D. (2008). Double-blind review

Open access

Richard Walker

References 1. Baxter, J-A. (2012). The impact of professional learning on the teaching identities of higher education lecturers. In European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 2012(2). Available online at 2. Bennett, S.; Barp, D. (2008). Peer observation – a case for doing it online. In Teaching in Higher Education, 13(5), (pp. 559-570). Available online at 3. Bennett, S.; Marsh, D. (2002). Are we expecting tutors

Open access

Tharindu R. Liyanagunawardena, Sandra Scalzavara and Shirley A. Williams

through digital badges: A case study. Proceedings of International Conference on Web-Based Learning,133-142. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13296-9_15 10. Ellis, D. (1989). A behavioural approach to information retrieval system design. Journal of Documentation, 45, 171-212. 11. Ellis, D., & Haugan, M. (1997). Modelling the information seeking patterns of engineers and research scientists in an industrial environment. Journal of Documentation, 53, 384-403. 12. Fink, A. (2010). Conducting research literature reviews: From Internet

Open access

Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva and Vedran Katavić

References ARNS, M. (2014): Open access is tiring out peer reviewers. In: Nature , 515(7528), p. 467. BEALL, J. (2016): Predatory journals: ban predators from the scientific record. In: Nature , 534(7607), p. 326. BELLUZ, J., PLUMER, B. & RESNICK, B. (2016): The 7 biggest problems facing science, according to 270 scientists. [online] [Retrieved September 27, 2016] Available at: CALLAWAY, E. (2016): Beat it, impact factor! Publishing elite turns

Open access

Hesham A. E. Magd

value chain”, International Journal of Technology Management , Vol. 27, No. 617, pp. 575-589 Chen, N. D., Liang, P. T. and Lin, B. (2008), “An ecological model for organizational knowledge management”, Journal of Computer Information Systems , Spring, pp. 11-22 Collins, D. J., Worthington, J. W., Reyes, M. P. and Romero, M. (2010), “Knowledge management, supply chain technologies, and firm performance”, Management Research Review , Vol. 33, No. 10, pp. 947-960 Cross, R. and Baird, L. (2000), “Technology is not enough: Improving performance by building

Open access

Ario Santini

R eferences 1. Hirsch JA et al., The peer review process: a primer for JNIS readers. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017;9: (e1):e3-e6. 2. Smith R. Peer review: a flawed process at the heart of science and journals. Nat Chem Biol. 2015;11:237. 3. Editorial. Double-blind peer review. Nat Chem Biol. 2015;11:237.

Open access

Yanqing Wang, Xiaolei Wang, Yu Jiang, Yaowen Liang and Ying Liu

-112. [4] Drexl M., Irnich S., Solving elementary shortest-path problems as mixed-integer programs, OR spectrum , 36, 2, 2014, 281-296. [5] Fagan E., Design and code inspections to reduce errors in program development, IBM System Journal , 3 , 1976, 182-211. [6] Karimzadehgan M., Zhai C. X., Integer linear programming for constrained multi-aspect committee review assignment, Information Processing and Management , 48, 4, 2012, 725-740. [7] Li X., Using peer review to assess coding standards–a case study, In Frontiers in education conference, 36th

Open access

Ario Santini, Leonard Azamfirei and Cosmin Moldovan

There is a complex relationship between potential authors, especially those with limited experience in submitting manuscripts, medical journals, editors and the reviewers who participate in the peer review system. There is growing pressure on young graduates undertaking PhD and Master programs to publish papers, as the regulations for the completion of these degrees from many universities require papers to be published before the awarding of these degrees. The pressure to publish is nonetheless high, as colleagues proceed through their career pathway, with