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Július Czap and Zsolt Tuza

References [1] J. Czap, S. Jendroľ, F. Kardoš and R. Sotak, Facial parity edge coloring of plane pseudographs, Discrete Math. 312 (2012) 2735-2740. doi:10.1016/j.disc.2012.03.036 [2] J. Czap and Zs. Tuza, Partitions of graphs and set systems under parity constraints, preprint (2011). [3] D. Gon,calves, Edge partition of planar graphs into two outerplanar graphs, Proceedings of the 37th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (2005) 504-512. doi:10.1145/1060590.1060666 [4] S. Grunewald

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Tri Widodo

References 1. Asea, P.K., and E. Mendoza, (1994). The Balassa-Samuelson model: a general equilibrium appraisal. Review of International Economics, 2, 244-267. 2. Athukorala, P., (2005). Trade Policy Reforms and the Structure of Protection in Vietnam. Division of Economics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. Download Material. Corresponding author: Premachandra. 3. Baharumshah, A.Z., and M. Ariff, (1997). Purchasing power parity in South East Asian

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Stanimir Dimitrov, Vesna Karapetkovska-Hristova, Ljupce Kochoski, Biljana Trajkovska, Borche Makarijoski, Vesna Prodanovska-Poposka and Godswill Ntsomboh-Ntsefong

REFERENCES 1. Bloemhof, S., van der Waaij, E.H., Merks, J.W., Knol, E.F. (2008). Sow line differences in heat stress tolerance expressed in reproductive performance traits. J Anim Sci. 86 (12): 3330-3337. PMid:18708608 2. Love, R.J., Evans, G., Klupiec, C. (1993). Seasonal effects on fertility in gilts and sows. J. Reprod. Fertil. 48 (Suppl.), 191–206. 3. Schwarz, T., Nowicki, J., Tuz, R. (2009). Reproductive performance of polish large white sows in intensive production - effect of parity and season. Ann

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Enrico Fiore, Laura Perillo, Giorgio Marchesini, Giuseppe Piccione, Elisabetta Giudice, Alessandro Zumbo, Leonardo Armato, Giorgia Fabbri and Matteo Gianesella

.P.T.M. (1992). Prevalence of digital disorders in zerograzing dairy cows. Livest. Prod. Sci., 32: 231-244. Sogstad Å.M., Fjeldaas T., Østerås O. (2005). Lameness and claw lesions of the Norwegian red dairy cattle housed in free stalls in relation to environment, parity and stage of lactation. Acta Vet. Scand., 46: 203-217. Sogstad Å.M., Fjeldaas T., Østerås O. (2012). Locomotion score and claw disorders in Norwegian dairy cows, assessed by claw trimmers. Livest. Sci., 144: 157-162. Toussaint Raven E. 1989. Cattle Footcare and Claw Trimming. Farming Press

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Darja Boršič and Jani Bekő

References 1. Arize, A. C., Malindretos, J., Ghosh, D. (2015). Purchasing Power Parity-symmetry and Proportionality: Evidence from 116 Countries. International Review of Economics and Finance, Vol. 37, No. C, pp. 69-85. 2. Breitung, J. (2000). The Local Power of Some Unit Root Tests for Panel Data. In Advances in Econometrics, Vol. 15: Nonstationary Panels, Panel Cointegration, and Dynamic Panels, Baltagi B. (Ed.), JAI Press, Amsterdam, pp. 161-178. 3. Chang, T., Lee, C. H., Liu, W. C. (2012). Nonlinear

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K. Satué, M. Felipe, J. Mota and A. Muñoz

parturition with daily low-dose oxytocin injections in pregnant mares at term: clinical applications and limitations. Reprod Domest Anim 43: 481-483. West G ( 1994 ) Black's Veterinary Dictionary, BT Limited, Bastford. Wilsher S, Allen WR ( 2003 ) The effects of maternal age and parity on placental and fetal development in the mare. Equine Vet J 35: 476-483. Winter GHZ, Rubin MIB, De la Corte FD, Silva CAM ( 2007 ) Gestational length and first postpartum ovulation of Criollo mares on a stud farm

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Nicholas J. D’Angelo


The United States considers itself a world superpower in many realms, but equality in political representation is not one of them. Currently, female representation in the United States Congress hovers around nineteen-percent, placing the United States in league with nations that have historically oppressed women, including Kenya and Tajikistan. While other, more infant, democracies have utilized political quotas as a means to increase female political involvement, the United States’ maintains a tradition of formal equality and neutralism. Long-standing precedent remains suspicious of anything resembling a quota. However, France faced a similar dilemma, unable to increase female representation due to a tradition of universalism. Working within its constitutional confines, France adopted parity in an attempt to achieve “perfect equality.” This paper argues that the United States may be able to use France as an example, thus potentially increasing female representation through a parity system that respects the traditions of our Constitution.

Open access

P. K. Das

Clustered Errors. - IRE Trans. Inform. Theory, IT-6, 1960, 16-21. 10. Sacks, G. E. Multiple Error Correction by Means of Parity-Checks. - IRE Trans. Inform. Theory, IT-4, 1958, 145-147. 11. Sharma, B. D., A. Gaur. Codes Correcting Limited Patterns of Random Errors Using S-K Metric. - Cybernetics and Information Technologies, Vol. 13, 2013, No 1, 34-45.

Open access

W. Sułek

References R.G. Gallager, Low-Density Parity-Check Codes , MIT Press, Cambridge, 1963. D.J.C. MacKay, "Good error-correcting codes based on very sparse matrices", IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45 (2), 399-431 (1999). M.M. Mansour and N.R. Shanbhag, "High throughput LDPC decoders", IEEE Trans. VLSI Syst. 11 (6), 976-996 (2003). H. Zhong and T. Zhang, "Block-LDPC: A practical LDPC coding system design approach", IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 1, 52 (4), 766

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Marc Hunger and Daniel Marienfeld

-35. Marienfeld D., Sogomonyan E. S., Ocheretnij V. and Gossel M. (2005). New self-checking output-duplicated booth multiplier with high fault coverage for soft errors, ATS '05: Proceedings of the 14th Asian Test Symposium , IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA, USA, pp. 76-81. Nicolaidis M. and Duarte R. O. (1998). Design of fault-secure parity-prediction booth multipliers, Proceedings of the Conference on Design, Automation and Test in Europe (DATE '98) , IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 7-14. Nicolaidis