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Preliminary outcomes in transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation use in patients with dysphagia

REFERENCES 1. Shune S, Moon JB. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation in dysphagia management: clinician use and perceived barriers. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders. 2012;39:55-68. 2. Ashford J, McCabe D, Wheeler-Hegland K, Frymark T, Mullen R, Musson N, et al. Evidence-based systematic review: Oropharyngeal disphagia behavioral treatments. Part III – Impact of dysphagia treatments on populations with neurological disorders. J Rehab Res Develop. 2009;46(2):195-204. 3. Huckabee ML, Doeltgen S. Emerging modalities in

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The Use of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation of the Lower Limbs Skeletal Muscles in Cardiac Rehabilitation of Patients With Chronic Heart Failure

sensor to improve walking outcomes: a randomized controlled pilot study in patients with stroke in subacute phase. Stroke Res Treat, 2012;2012:523564 26. Neder JA, Sword D, Ward SA. et al. Home based neuromuscular electrical stimulation as a new rehabilitative strategy for severely disabled patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thorax, 2002; 57:333-337 27. Nuhr MJ,Pette D, Berger R. et al. Beneficial effects of chronic low-frequency stimulation of thigh muscles in patients with advanced chronic heart failure. Eur

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Evaluation of the Effects of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation of The Lower Limbs Combined with Pulmonary Rehabilitation on Exercise Tolerance in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

suggest that neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the lower limbs may serve as an alternative to traditional physical training in patients with COPD in periods of exacerbation of symptoms or with locomotor disorders which hinder the performance of traditional physical exercises ( Banerjee, 2010 ). As presented in contemporary studies, NMES can be applied safely in patients with COPD during periods of exacerbation of symptoms, in advanced stages of COPD or even in patients undergoing respiratory therapy. Another important aspect of NMES is that patients feel

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Low-Level Laser Therapy and the Recovery of Muscle Function After a Single Session of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation: A Crossover Trial

neuromuscular electrical stimulation. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 81(6), 446-51. 6. Bogdanis G.C. (2012). Effects of physical activity and inactivity on muscle fatigue. Frontiers in Physiology 3(142), 1-15. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2012.00142. 7. Lavender A.P., Nosaka K. (2007). Fluctuations of isometric force after eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors of young, middle-aged, and old men. European Journal of Applied Physiology 100(2), 161-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-007-0418-7. 8. Cheung K., Hume P., Maxwell L

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Exercise‐Based Cardiac Rehabilitation with and without Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation and its Effect on Exercise Tolerance and Life Quality of Persons with Chronic Heart Failure

assistance in activities of daily living ( Flynn et al., 2009 ). Research suggests that lower extremity neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can be an alternative to conventional physical training. NMES is reported to increase exercise tolerance, muscle mass and endurance, to improve muscular blood circulation, aerobic enzyme activity and vascular endothelium function, to decrease the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and to improve quality of life ( Deley et al., 2008 ; Dobsak et al., 206 ; Karavidas et al., 2006 , 2008 ; Soska et al., 2012). It is

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Neuromuscular Impairment Following Backpack Load Carriage

task-related occupational requirements for Royal Naval personnel. Occup Med (Lond) , 2002; 52: 503-510 Blacker SD, Fallowfield JL, Bilzon J, Willems ME. Physiological responses to load carriage during level and downhill treadmill walking. Med Sport , 2009; 13: 108-124 Blacker SD, Fallowfield JL, Bilzon JL, Willems ME. Neuromuscular function following prolonged load carriage on level and downhill gradients. Aviat Space Environ Med , 2010; 81: 745-753 Byrne C, Twist C, Eston R. Neuromuscular function after exercise

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The H-reflex modulation in lying and standing positions in young canoeists


Study aim: to evaluate the differences in H-reflex parameters in lying and standing positions in canoeists.

Material and methods: twenty seven male canoeists (age 17.2 ± 1.6 year, body mass 73.7 ± 7.6 kg, height 180.9 ± 6.1 cm, training experience 6.5 ± 3.6 years) participated in the study. None of the subjects had any history of neuromuscular disorders. The soleus H-reflex was examined in each subject twice: in lying and standing position. H-reflex was elicited by one-millisecond electrical stimulation of a posterior tibial nerve in the popliteal fossa. A recruitment curve for each subject was obtained by gradually increasing the stimulus intensity.

Results: the results obtained in the present study showed statistically significant differences of the variables characterising effects of stimulations performed in lying and standing positions (F4,23 = 8.063; p < 0.001). H/M ratio was 0.50 ± 0.25 and 0.64 ± 0.27 for lying and standing positions, respectively. Our results support previous findings.

Conclusions: the lying position is recommended for measurements as more comfortable for subjects and providing a greater level of the elicited H-reflex.

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Potentiation and Electrical Stimulus Frequency During Self-Paced Exercise and Recovery

.), 2008; 44: 782-790 Sweeney HL, Bowman BF, Stull JT. Myosin light chain phosphorylation in vertebrate striated muscle: regulation and function. Am. J. Physiol, 1993; 264: C1085-C1095 Vandervoort AA, Quinlan J, McComas AJ. Twitch potentiation after voluntary contraction. Exp.Neurol., 1983; 81: 141-152 Verges S, Maffiuletti NA, Kerherve H, Decorte N, Wuyam B, Millet GY. Comparison of electrical and magnetic stimulations to assess quadriceps muscle function. J. Appl. Physiol, 2009; 106: 701-710 Westerblad H

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Early mobilization for mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis

mobilization, and respiratory muscle training) or novel mobilization techniques (for example, cycle ergometry or neuromuscular electrical stimulation), and EM possesses prominentsuperiority if it is initiated from an early stage (less than 5–7 days). 12 , 13 As a progressive mobility protocol, the mobilization starts with a series of planned movements and sets the goal of recovering to the previous level of functioning. The protocol consisted of several levels of activities that go forward one by one, and it also stipulates the time, frequency, duration, and suspended

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Mechanical Responses of the Human Triceps Surae after Passive "Stretching" Training of the Plantarflexors in Conditions Modulating Weightlessness

, Hitchcock L, Lee YB. Passive stretch of adult chicken muscle produces myopathy remarkably similar to hereditary muscular dystrophy. Exp Neurol, 1988. 100: 341-353 Avela J, Kyröläinen H, Komi PV. Altered reflex sensitivity after repeated and prolonged passive muscle stretching. J Appl Physiol, 1999. 86: 1283-129. Avela J, Kyröläinen H, Komi PV. Neuromuscular changes after long-lasting mechanically and electrically elicited fatigue. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2001. 85: 317-325 Avela J, Finni T

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