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Mark Coeckelbergh

. Humans, Animals, and Robots: A Phenomenological Approach to Human-Robot Relations. Philosophy & Technology 24(3): 269–278. Coeckelbergh, Mark. 2011b. You, Robot: On the Linguistic Construction of Artificial Others. AI & Society 26(1): 61–69. Coeckelbergh, Mark. 2012. Growing Moral Relations: Critique of Moral Status Ascription . Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Coeckelbergh, Mark. 2014. The Moral Standing of Machines: Towards a Relational and Non-Cartesian Moral Hermeneutics. Philosophy & Technology 27(1): 61–77. Coeckelbergh

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Robert Schneider

Major College Basketball in the United States: Morality, Amateurism, and Hypocrisies

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and member institutions' presentation of major college basketball in the United States as an endeavor of amateurism is contradictory to the realities of college basketball. Discussed are the following amateurism related hypocrisies: a) requiring players to fully engage in formally structured basketball activities as a priority over education, b) expansion of the post season March Madness tournament regardless of the fact that players will miss more classes, c) compensating basketball coaches with salaries contingent on success defined by winning, and d) the athletic scholarship. Literature supports amateurism hypocrisies in major college basketball (Bermuda 2010, Colombo 2010, Sundram 2010). Understanding the effect of NCAA and member institution hypocritical behavior on determining the moral standing of major college basketball is discussed in the context of claims by Grant (1997), that Machiavelli recognized the necessity of political hypocrisy. A utilitarian analysis using Jeremy Bentham's holistic utilitarian approach calling for the agent to "sum up all the values of all the pleasures on the one side, and those of all the pains on the other" (p. 39) to determine the degree of morality, indicates a presence of morality in major college basketball. Under the premise that major college basketball is an extension of core values held by higher education, Aristotle's Golden Mean (Aristotle, 1941) is used to help identify a point of balanced moral perspective concerning sentiments of the sporting community held for the sport. The end goal is to maintain major college basketball's strong level of satisfaction among members of the sporting community, while controlling the false representation of amateurism surrounding it to preserve the moral and structural integrity of major college basketball.

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Karen E. Macfarlane

Abstract

It has become a truism in discussions of Imperialist literature to state that the British empire was, in a very significant way, a textual exercise. Empire was simultaneously created and perpetuated through a proliferation of texts (governmental, legal, educational, scientific, fictional) driven significantly by a desire for what Thomas Richards describes as “one great system of knowledge.” The project of assembling this system assumed that all of the “alien” knowledges that it drew upon could be easily assimilated into existing, “universal” (that is, European) epistemological categories. This belief in “one great system” assumed that knowledges from far-flung outposts of empire could, through careful categorization and control, be made to reinforce, rather than threaten, the authority of imperial epistemic rule. But this movement into “new” epistemic as well as physical spaces opened up the disruptive possibility for and encounter with Foucault’s “insurrection of subjugated knowledges.” In the Imperial Gothic stories discussed here, the space between “knowing all there is to know” and the inherent unknowability of the “Other” is played out through representations of failures of classification and anxieties about the limits of knowledge. These anxieties are articulated through what is arguably one of the most heavily regulated signifiers of scientific progress at the turn of the century: the body. In an age that was preoccupied with bodies as spectacles that signified everything from criminal behaviour, psychological disorder, moral standing and racial categorization, the mutable, unclassifiable body functions as a signifier that mediates between imperial fantasies of control and definition and fin-de-siècle anxieties of dissolution and degeneration. In Imperial Gothic fiction these fears appear as a series of complex explorations of the ways in which the gap between the known and the unknown can be charted on and through a monstrous body that moves outside of stable classification.

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Hans J.L.M. Gribnau and Ave-Geidi Jallai

their families as having special standing ( Bloomfield 2007 , 3). A moral point of view does not require that individuals behave in an altruistic way, but rather that they see their personal interests, objectives and ideals in relation to those of other individuals in society. Thus, morality is about how one ought to act. Studying ethics concerns the philosophical inquiry, for example, to obtain clarity on moral problems and to resolve them in an ethically satisfactory way ( Callahan 1988 , 7). Ethics studies morality ( De George 1999 , 19). The philosophical study

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Adam M. Croom

.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Athanassoulis, N. (2000). A response to Harman: Virtue ethics and character traits. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 100, 215-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0066-7372.2003.00012.x Bem, D. (1983). Toward a response style theory of persons in situations. In M. Page (ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation, 1982: Personality - Current theory and research (pp. 201-231). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Blasi, A. (1980). Bridging moral cognition and moral action: A critical

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Invisibilised Visions

Migrant mothers and the reordering of citizenship in a Nordic welfare state context

Camilla Nordberg

’, Citizenship Studies, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 523-539, DOI:10.1080/13621020600954952 Ong, A 2006, ‘Mutations in citizenship’ Theory, Culture and Society, vol. 23, no. 2-3, pp. 499-505, DOI: 10.1177/0263276406064831. Rose, N 1999, Powers of freedom: reframing political thought, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Salazar-Parrenas, R 2001, Servants of globalization: women, migration, and domestic work, Routledge, New York. Scuzzarello, S 2008, ‘National security vs. moral responsibility: an analysis of integration

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Tanel Kerikmäe, Thomas Hoffmann and Archil Chochia

Bibliography American Bar Association, 2011. American Bar Association standing committee on the delivery of legal services, perspectives on finding personal legal services: The results of a public opinion poll, [online]. Available at: https://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/delivery_legal_services/20110228_aba_harris_survey_report.authcheckdam.pdf [Accessed 30 February 2018]. Arruda, A., 2017. An Ethical Obligation to Use Artificial Intelligence: An Examination of the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Law and the Model Rules of

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Jon Frauley

) . Halliday, J . (1993) . Maoist Britain? The ideological function of vocationalising the higher education curriculum . Curriculum Studies, 1(3), 365-82 . Heelas, P. , & Morris, P. (1992) . Enterprise culture: Its values and value . In P . Heelas, & P. Morris (Eds . ), The Values of the enterprise culture: The Moral debate, (pp . 1-26) New York: Routledge Hira, A , & Cohen, D (2011) Professionalising academics: A Review of issues in higher education assessment systems . Retrieved July, 15, 2012, from <http

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“My children are Norwegian but i am a foreigner”

Experiences of African immigrant parents within Norwegian welfare society

Berit Overå Johannesen and Lily Appoh

approach of in-depth narrative interviews, discourse analysis and positioning theory. We adopt a theoretical framework from Harre & Langenhove (1999:15) who describe the social realm as composed of conversations, institutional practices, and users of societal rhetoric. As part of conversational episodes, people relationally position themselves and each other as individuals and as social beings in ‘ever shifting patterns of moral and unstable rights and obligations of speaking and acting’ (Harre & Langenhove 1999:1) . When positioning holds a reference to roles, like

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Bogdan Pietrulewicz

), 50–60. Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes , 50 ( 2 ), 248–287. Bandura, A. (1999). Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities. Personality and Social Psychology Review , 3 , 193–209. Bandura, A., Caprara, G.-V., Zsolnai, L. (2000). Corporate Transgressions through Moral Disengagement. Journal of Human Values , 6 ( 1 ), 57–64. Becker, J.H.A., O’Hair, H.D. (2007). Mahciavellians’ motives in organizational citizenship behaviour. Journal of