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Evgeni V. Mekov, Yanina G. Slavova, Marianka P. Genova, Adelina D. Tsakova, Dimitar T. Kostadinov, Delcho D. Minchev, Dora M. Marinova and Mihail A. Boyanov

, Jasmin D. Study of pulmonary function tests in diabetics with COPD or asthma. Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology 2012;16:299-308. 5. Yeh F, Dixon AE, Marion S, et al. Obesity in adults is associated with reduced lung function in metabolic syndrome and diabetes: the Strong Heart Study. Diabetes Care 2011;34:2306-13. 6. Davis T, Knuiman M, Kendall P, Vu H, Davis WA. Reduced pulmonary function and its associations in type 2 diabetes: the Fremantle Diabetes Study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2000;50:153-9. 7. Engstrom G

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Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Ramin Mehrdad and Mohammad Mehraban

R eferences 1. Samson SL, Garber AJ . Metabolic syndrome. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 43(1): 1-23, 2014 2. Zureik M, Kauffmann F, Touboul P, Courbon D, Ducimetiere P. Association between peak expiratory flow and the development of carotid atherosclerotic plaques. Archives of internal medicine 161(3): 1669-1676, 2001 3. McAllister DA, Newby DE . Association between Impaired Lung Function and Cardiovascular Disease. Cause, Effect, or Force of Circumstance. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 194(1): 3-5, 2016 4. Sin DD, Wu L, Man SP. The

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Xiao-Jing Guo, Li-Li Wei, Xin-Hui Li, Ning- Ning Yu, Shao-Bo Gao, Dong-Yan Qin, Fu-Mei Chu and Kun Li

=0.421 0.675 Preoperative pulmonary function FEV 1 2.89±0.37 2.67±0.65 t =2.133 0.054 FVC 3.46±0.59 3.20±0.68 t =1.984 0.059 Preoperative SpO 2 97.66±0.85 97.66±1.12 t =0.001 0.990 Notes: SCLC, small cell lung cancer; NSCLC, non-small cell lung cancer; BMI, body mass index; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second; FVC, forced vital capacity. 3.2 Comparison of two groups after the first expectoration time, pain score, length of stay and atelectasis, pulmonary infection cases ( Table 2

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Irena Perić, Dragan Arar, Igor Barišić, Ivana Goić-Barišić, Neven Pavlov and Jadranka Tocilj

report. Yonsei Med J 1997;38:323-6. Miller A, Miller JA. Diffuse thickening superimposed on circumscribed pleural thickening related to asbestos exposure. Am J Ind Med 1993;23:859-71. Rui F, De Zotti R, Negro C, Bovenzi M. A follow-up study of lung function among ex-asbestos workers with and without pleural plaques. Med Lav 2004;95:171-9. Broderick A, Fuortes LJ, Merchant JA, Galvin JR, Schwartz DA. Pleural determinants of restrictive lung function and symptoms in an asbestos

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Selma Cvijetić, Ivana Sabolić Pipinić, Veda Maria Varnai and Jelena Macan

References 1. Ferencz V, Meszaros S, Csupor E, Toth E, Bors K, Falus A, Horvath C. Increased bone fracture prevalence in postmenopausal women suffering from pollen-allergy. Osteoporos Int 2006;17:484-91. doi: 10.1007/s00198-005-0011-z 2. Vrieze A, de Greef MHG, Wýkstra PJ, Wempe JB. Low bone mineral density in COPD patients related to worse lung function, low weight and decreased fat-free mass. Osteoporos Int 2007;18:1197-202. doi: 10.1007/s00198-007-0355-7 3. Vondracek SF, Voelkel NF, McDermott MT, Valdez C

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Mahmood A. Al-Azzawi, Adel H. Ghoneim and Ibrahim Elmadbouh

-70. 9. Chishimba L, Thickett DR, Stockley RA, Wood AM. The vitamin D axis in the lung: A key role for vitamin D-binding protein. Thorax 2010; 65: 456-62. 10. Jung JY, Choi DP, Won S, Lee Y, Shin JH, Kim YS, Kim SK, Oh YM, Suh I, Lee SD. Relationship of vitamin D binding protein polymorphisms and lung function in Korean chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Yonsei Med J 2014; 55: 1318-25. 11. Schellenberg D, Pare PD, Weir TD, Spinelli JJ, Walker BA, Sandford AJ. Vitamin D binding protein variants and the risk of COPD. Am J Respir Crit

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Sławomir Szydlik, Justyna Jankowska-Szydlik, Mariusz Kasprzyk, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Jarosław Adamczak and Damian Zwaruń

1996; 128(5 Pt 1): 639-43. 4 . Derveaux L, Clarysse I, Ivanoff I et al.: Preoperative and postoperative abnor malities in chest X-ray indices and in lung function in pectus excavatum. Chest 1989, 95, 850-56. 5. Cahill JL, Lees GM, Robertson HT : A summary of preoperative and postoperative cardiorespiratory performance inpatients undergoing pectus excavatum and carinatum repair. J Pediatr Surg 1984; 19(4): 430-33. 6. Kubiak R, Hablet S, Hammer J et al.: Pulmonary function following completion of Minimally

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Doğa Gürsoy and Hermann Scharfetter

Introduction Real time monitoring of lung function is of particular interest to the mechanically ventilated patients during critical care. In most cases, the patients remain immobilized in supine position for long periods of time. As a result of this recumbent position, a marked amount of fluid is accumulated in the posterior parts of the lungs due to gravity. Unless diagnosed early and treated successfully, the fluid accumulation leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause a respiratory failure. One common way to diagnose the fluid accumulation in the lungs

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D Mokra, P Mikolka, P Kosutova, M Kolomaznik, M Jurcek, P Istona, K Matasova, M Zibolen and A Calkovska

N, Lowe C, Sivieri EM, Shaffer TH. Sequential effects of acute meconium obstruction on pulmonary function. Pediatr Res 1980; 14 (1): 34-8. 12. Moses D, Holm BA, Spitale P, Liu MY, Enhorning G. Inhibition of pulmonary surfactant function by meconium. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1991; 164 (2): 477-81. 13. Kuo C, Chen J. Effect of meconium aspiration on plasma endothelin-1 level and pulmonary hemodynamics in a piglet model. Biol Neonate 1999; 76 (4): 228-34. 14. Sun B, Herting E, Curstedt T, Robertson B. Exogenous surfactant improves lung compliance and

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Saso Stoleski, Jordan Minov, Jovanka Karadzinska-Bislimovska and Dragan Mijakoski

. 1999; 36 (4): 444-449. 15. Larsson K, Eklund A, Isaksson BM, Malmberg P. Swine dust causes intense airway inflammation in healthy subjects. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994; 150: 973-977. 16. Preller L, Heederik D, Boleij JS, Vogelzang PFJ, Tielen MJM. Lung function and chronic respiratory symptoms of pig farmers: focus on exposure to endotoxins and ammonia and use of disinfectants. Occup Environ Med. 1995; 52: 654-660. 17. Rylander R, Jacobs RR, eds. Endotoxins in the environment: criteria document. Int J Occup Environ