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Mariola Chomczyńska, Vladimir Soldatov, Henryk Wasąg and Marcin Turski

.S., 2013. Responses of root architecture development to low phosphorus availability: a review. Ann. Bot., 112, 391-408. Ostrowska A., Gawliński S., and Szczubiałka Z., 1991. Methods for analysis and evaluation of soil and plant properties (in Polish). Institute of Environmental Protection, Warsaw, Poland. Qian P. and Schoenau J.J., 2002. Practical applications of ion exchange resins in agricultural and environmental soil research. Can. J. Soil Sci., 82, 9-21. Rogers E.D. and Benfey P.N., 2015. Regulation of plant root system architecture

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Sautrik Basu, Anusuya Basak, Dibyendu Sekhar Mahanty, Sayani Bhattacharjee and Jukta Adhikari

.) Nakai. – Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 36(4): 307–319. D asgupta S., A dhikari J., M ajumder A.L., 1984: Myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase from lower plant groups: purification and properties of the enzyme from Euglena gracilis . – Physiologia Plantarum, 61: 412–416. E isesnberg F. Jr., 1967: D- myo -Inositol-1-phosphate as product of cyclization Glucose-6-phosphate and substrate for a specific phosphatase in rat testis. – Journal of Biological Chemistry, 242: 1375–1382. G aitonde M.K., G riffiths M., 1966: A spectrophotometric

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Tahareh Gholami, Mohammad Ghadamyari, Ali Olyaie Oliaee and Maryan Ajamhasani

mushroom tyrosinase. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 35 (12): 1658-1666. Xue C.B., Luo W.C., Chen Q.X. 2006. Enzymatic properties of phenoloxidase from Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera) larvae. Insect Sci. 13: 251-256. Xue C.B., Wang Q., He L., Ke L.N., Luo W.C., Chen Q.X. 2005. Effects of some metal ions on the activity of phenoloxidase from Pieris rapae L.J. Xiamen Univ. Nat. Sci. (in Chinese). 44: 120-122. Xue C.B., Zhang L., Luo W.C., Xie X.Y., Jiang L., Xiao T. 2007. 3DQSAR and molecular docking studies of benzaldehyde

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Jakub Elbl, Magdalena Vaverková, Dana Adamcová, Lukáš Plošek, Antonín Kintl, Tomáš LošÁk, Jaroslav Hynšt and Jana Kotovicová

. The effect of compost addition on chemical and nitrogen characteristics, respiration activity and biomass production in prepared reclamation substrates. Int J Agri Scien Eng. 2013;7:363-369. [11] Nevens F, Reheul D. The application of vegetable, fruit and garden waste (VFG) compost in addition to cattle slurry in a silage maize monoculture: nitrogen availability and use. Eur J Agron. 2003;19:189-203. DOI: 10.1016/S1161-0301(02)00036-9. [12] Elbl J, Plošek L, Kintl A, Přichystalová J, Záhora J, Hynšt J. Effect of organic-waste compost addition on leaching of

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Joanna Kowalska, Bartłomiej Kajdas and Tomasz Zaleski

Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 14(2-3): 83-151. Arbeitskreis für Bodensystematik der Deutschen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft, 1998. Systematik der Böden und der Bodenbildenden Substrate Deutschlands, Kurzfassung. Mitt. Dt. Bodenkundl. Ges. 86: 135-180, Oldenburg. Ben-Hur M., Shainberg I., Bakker D., Karen R., 1985. Effect of soil texture and CaCO3 content on water infiltration in crusted soil as related to water salinity. Irrig. Sci. 6: 281-294. Caravaca F., Lax A., Albaladejo J., 1999. Organic matter, nutrient contents

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P. Senthil Kumar, H. Ethiraj, Anita Venkat, N. Deepika, S. Nivedha, T. Vidhyadevi, L. Ravikumar and S. Sivanesan

substrate extracted from wheat bran, Environ. Chem. Lett . 2, 165–168. DOI: 10.1007/s10311-004-0095-2. 26. Nie, R., Chang, X., He, Q., Hu, Z. & Li, Z. (2009). Preparation of p-tert[(dimethylamino)methyl]-calix[4]arene functionalized aminopropolysiloxane resin for selective solidphase extraction and preconcentration of metal ions. J. Hazard. Mater. 169, 203–209. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.03.084. 27. Vidhyadevi, T., Murugesan, A., Kalaivani, S.S., Premkumar, M.P., Vinoth Kumar, V., Ravikumar, L. & Sivanesan, S. (2014). Evaluation of equilibrium, kinetic

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Linda Ansone, Linda Eglite and Maris Klavins

, Kadam AM, Shankar HS. Adsorption of arsenic from aqueous solution on naturally available red soil. J Environ Biol. 2009;30(4):499-504. [6] Dupont L, Jolly G, Aplincourt M. Arsenic adsorption on lignocellulosic substrate loaded with ferric ion. Environ Chem Lett. 2007;5(3):125-129. [7] Anirudhan TS, Unnithan MR. Arsenic(V) removal from aqueous solutions using an anion exchanger from coconut coir pith and its recovery. Chemosphere. 2007;66:60-66. [8] Parga JR, Vazquez V, Moreno H. Thermodynamic studies of the arsenic

Open access

P. Senthil Kumar

(II) onto a Lignocellulosic substrate extracted from wheat bran, Environ. Chem. Lett . 2, 165-168. DOI: 10.1007/s10311-004-0095-2. 18. Wang, X., Qin, Y. & Li, Z. (2006). Biosorption of zinc from aqueous solutions by rice bran: Kinetics and equilibrium studies, Sep. Sci. Tech. 41, 741-756. DOI: 10.1080/01496390500527951. 19. Mohammad, M., Maitra, S., Ahmad, N., Bustam, A., Sen, T.K. & Dutta, B.K. (2010). Metal ion removal from aqueous solution using physic seed hull. J. Hazard. Mater . 179, 363-372. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010

Open access

Ewa Olkowska, Marek Ruman, Anna Kowalska and Żaneta Polkowska


Surface active agents (SAA) with negative charge of polar group are named as anionic compounds. They are the main constituent of most products containing synthetic surfactants. The linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS), alkyl ethoxysulfates (AES) and alkyl sulfates (AS) are typically applied from this class of compounds. Those surfactants are ingredients of household detergents and cleaners, laundry detergents, cosmetic etc. Moreover they can be applied in the paper, textile and tanning industry as optical brighteners, dispersant, wetting and suspending agents. They can be substrates in the formulation of different products like dyes, pigments, pesticides, exchange resins, plasticizers and pharmaceuticals. Anionic surfactants after use are passed into sewage-treatment plants, where they are partially degraded and adsorbed to sewage sludge (applied in agriculture fields). Finally, the anionic SAA or their degradation products are discharged into surface waters and onto bottom sediments, soils or living organisms. Therefore, it is important (widely application, bioaccumulation, toxicity for living organisms) to investigate the environmental fate of those class of compounds in more details. This research involves determination the concentration of anionic surfactants with use appropriated analytical techniques in environmental samples The official methodology for determination of anionic SAA in liquid samples is based on the ion-pair reaction of these analytes compounds with methylene blue (MB) and an extraction with toxic solvent chloroform. During isolation step of anionic compounds from solid samples are employed Soxhlet and ultrasonic-assisted extraction techniques with use of methanol or mixture of other organic solvents as extraction medium. To overcome disadvantages of those traditional techniques were applied following techniques at sample preparation step from liquid and solid matrices: solid-phase extraction (SPE) and solid-phases microextraction (SPME); accelerated solvent extraction (ASE), microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), respectively. For estimate total concentration of anionic analytes in extracts the spectrophotometric technique is used (as official regulation). For determination concentration of individual analytes were applied gas (derivatization step requires) and liquid chromatography mainly with mass spectrometry technique. The presence of anionic surface active agents was confirmed in various ecosystems (liquid and solid environmental samples).

Open access

Joanna Fronczyk and Katarzyna Pawluk

, borate, and phosphate. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38: 2715-2720. TRATNYEK P.G., SCHERER M.M., JOHNSON T.L., MATHESON L.J. 2003: Permeable reactive barriers of iron and other zero- -valent metals. In: M.A. Tarr [Ed.]. Chemical degradation methods for wastes and pollutants: Environmental and industrial application. Marcel Dekker, New York: 371-421. WOINARSKI A.Z., SNAPE I., STEVENS G.W., STARK S.C. 2003: The effects of cold temperature on copper ion exchange by natural zeolite for use in a permeable reactive barrier in Antarctica. Cold Reg