References 1. Agor W.H. (1998),Intuicja w organizacji. Jak twórczo przewodzić i zarządzać, Wydawnictwo Personalnej Szkoły Biznesu, Kraków. 2. Allinson, C.W., Hayes, J. (2003), Allinson-Hayes Cognitive Style Index, “Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology”, (76). 3. Blume, B.D., Covin, J.G. (2011), Attributions to intuition in the venture Founding process: Do entrepreneurs actually use intuition Or Just say that they do?, “Journal of Business Venturing”, 26. 4. Goldberg, P. (2000
., Motyl, M., Iyer, R., Wojcik, S. P., & Ditto, P. H. (2013). Moral Foundations Theory: The Pragmatic Validity of Moral Pluralism. In P. Devine (Ed.), P. Devine & A. Plant, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology: Volume 47 (Vol. 47, pp. 55-130). New York: Academic Press Inc. Graham, J., Iyer, R., & Meindl, P. (2013). The Psychology of Economic Ideology: Emotion, Motivation, and Moral Intuition. Demos, 1-16. Retrieved from http://www.demos.org/sites/default/files/publications/Graham.pdf Graham, J., Nosek, B. A., Haidt, J., Iyer, R
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Geoffrey S. Holtzman
genetical evolution of social behaviour. Journal of Theoretical Biology 7(1): 17–52. Huemer, Michael. 2008. Revisionary intuitionism. Social Philosophy and Policy 25(1): 368–92. Joyce, Richard. 2001. The Myth of Morality . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kahane, Guy. 2011. Evolutionary debunking arguments. Noûs 45(1): 103–25. Kamm, Frances. 2009. Neuroscience and moral reasoning: a note on recent research. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37(4): 330–45. Kurzban, Robert; DeScioli, P.; and Fein, D. 2012. Hamilton vs. Kant: pitting
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Expert knowledge - a concept associated with Ryle’s distinction of knowledgethat and knowledge-how - functions in distinct areas of knowledge and social expertise. Consisting of both propositional (declarative) and procedural (instrumental) knowledge, expertise is performative in its essence. It depends not only on expert’s experience and cognitive competences, but also on his or her social and institutional position. The paper considers the role of heuristic and intuitional abilities, including particular experts’ cognitive biases, as the vital and indispensable part of expertise. On the basis of selected managerial and juridical examples (procedures, standards, norms and institutional regulations) it analyzes the epistemological issues: the autonomy versus dependence of expert knowledge as well as the influence of social-cognitive circumstances on expertise.
Ivan A. Karpenko
The article presents the possible role of consciousness in quantum-mechanical description of physical reality. The widely spread interpretations of quantum phenomena are considered as indicating the apparent connection between conscious processes (such as observation) and the properties of the microcosm. The reasons for discrepancies between the results of observations of the microcosm and macrocosm and the potential association of consciousness with these reasons are closely investigated. The mentioned connection is meant to be interpreted in the sense that the probable requirement for a complete understanding of quantum theory is the adequate description of consciousness within it and that the correct theory of consciousness should include quantum-mechanical theoretical apparatus. In this context, the question about the methods of scientific cognition is discussed, in particular, the problem of the place and the importance of intellectual intuition in science and philosophy of science. The author draws the conclusions about the current state of the “measuring” consciousness. problem in its relationship with
José Domingo Villarroel, Álvaro Antón, Daniel Zuazagoitia and Teresa Nuño
intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychol. Rev., 1084: 814. Haidt J., Bjorklund F. 2008. Social intuitionists answer six questions about moral psychology. [in:] Sinnott-Armstrong W. (ed.) Moral psychology. the cognitive science of morality: Intuition and diversity . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 181-217. Heiphetz L., Young L. 2014. A social cognitive developmental perspective on moral judgment. Behaviour, 1512-3: 315-335. Helion C., Pizarro D.A. 2014. Beyond dual-processes: The interplay of reason and emotion in moral judgment. [in:] Levy N
Joseph W. Chang
This research consists of two experimental studies investigating the influence of moral character on endorser perception, and the influence of perceiver characteristics on tarnished endorser perception and brand evaluations. Perceiver characteristics are discussed from the perspectives of dispositional tendency, innate moral intuitions and self-location. The first study compared the influences of moral character and warmth on endorser perception. The second study examined the impact of perceiver characteristics on tarnished endorsers and brand evaluations. The findings reveal that moral character is more influential than warmth on endorser evaluations. Tarnished endorsers with immoral character exert more negative influence than tarnished endorsers with coldness character on brand evaluations. Innate moral intuitions and self-location moderate brand evaluations. High-morality consumers and heart-locators are more vulnerable than low-morality and brain-locators to the brands endorsed by tarnished endorsers, respectively.
References Allinson, C. W., Armstrong, S., & Hayes, J. (2001). The effects of cognitive style on leader-member exchange: A study of manager-subordinate dyads. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 74 (2), 201-220. Allinson, C. W., & Hayes, J. (1996). The cognitive style index: A measure of intuition-analysis for organizational research. Journal of Management Studies, 33 , 119-135. Billett, S. (1998). Constructing vocational knowledge: Situations and other social