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Marek Krawczyk, Michał Grąt, Krzysztof Barski, Joanna Ligocka, Arkadiusz Antczak, Oskar Kornasiewicz, Michał Skalski, Waldemar Patkowski, Paweł Nyckowski, Krzysztof Zieniewicz, Ireneusz Grzelak, Jacek Pawlak, Abdulsalam Alsharabi, Tadeusz Wróblewski, Rafał Paluszkiewicz, Bogusław Najnigier, Krzysztof Dudek, Piotr Remiszewski, Piotr Smoter, Mariusz Grodzicki, Michał Korba, Marcin Kotulski, Bartosz Cieślak, Piotr Kalinowski, Piotr Gierej, Mariusz Frączek, Łukasz Rdzanek, Rafał Stankiewicz, Konrad Kobryń, Łukasz Nazarewski, Dorota Leonowicz, Magdalena Urban-Lechowicz, Anna Skwarek, Dorota Giercuszkiewicz, Agata Paczkowska, Jolanta Piwowarska, Remigiusz Gelo, Paweł Andruszkiewicz, Anna Brudkowska, Renata Andrzejewska, Grzegorz Niewiński, Beata Kilińska, Aleksandra Zarzycka, Robert Nowak, Cezary Kosiński, Teresa Korta, Urszula Ołdakowska-Jedynak, Joanna Sańko-Resmer, Bartosz Foroncewicz, Jacek Ziółkowski, Krzysztof Mucha, Grzegorz Senatorski, Leszek Pączek, Andrzej Habior, Robert Lechowicz, Sławomir Polański, Elżbieta Leowska, Ryszard Pacho, Małgorzata Andrzejewska, Olgierd Rowiński, Sławomir Kozieł, Jerzy Żurakowski, Bogna Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska, Barbara Górnicka, Piotr Hevelke, Bogdan Michałowicz, Andrzej Karwowski and Jerzy Szczerbań

-11. Toso C, Asthana S, Bigam DL et al.: Reassessing selection criteria prior to liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma utilizing the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients database. Hepatology 2009; 49: 832-38. Grossman EJ, Millis JM : Liver transplantation for non-hepatocellular carcinoma malignancy: Indications, limitations, and analysis of the current literature. Liver Transpl 2010; 16: 930-42. Ferraz AA, Sette MJ, Maia M et al.: Liver transplant for the treatment of giant hepatic hemangioma

Open access

A.A. Georgiadis, P. Darmanin, N. Topouzelis and I. Ioannidou-Marathiotou


Interproximal enamel reduction is a technique used for creating space in cases of mild or moderate crowding. There are several indications and contraindications determined by the tooth shape and the percentage of the caries index. The instruments used for the technique are diamond-coated metal strips, diamond discs and burs, each with advantages and disadvantages. Another way of interdental enamel reduction is using chemical products such as orthophosphoric acid. There are opposite impacts on the enamel surface and the periodontal tissues, based on the literature review.

Open access

Piotr Major, Michał Pędziwiatr, Maciej Matłok, Mateusz Ostachowski, Marek Winiarski, Kazimierz Rembiasz and Andrzej Budzyński

Cystic Adrenal Lesions - Analysis of Indications and Results of Treatment

Cysts are a rare pathology of adrenal glands. As the development of new diagnostic techniques takes place, the occurrence of adrenal cystic lesions has been rapidly increasing. The majority of them are solid adrenal lesions, but localized fluid collections are also more frequently diagnosed. In case of solid adrenal lesions, there are straight indications for surgery, but on the other hand there are no clear guidelines and recommendations in case of adrenal cysts.

The aim of the study was to analyze surgical methods and evaluate treatment effects in patients who were qualified for laparoscopic adrenalectomy due to adrenal cystic lesions.

Metarial and methods. Identical criteria were used to qualify patients with solid and cystic lesions of the adrenal gland for surgery. Out of the whole number of 345 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for adrenal tumors, 28 had adrenal cysts. 16 of them (57%) were women and 12 (43%) men. The average age of the studied group was 46.4 years (25-62 years). The average cyst diameter in CT was 5.32 cm (1.1-10 cm). Most of the lesions were hormonally inactive (22 patients), but in 6 cases increased level of adrenal hormones was observed.

Results. Pathological analysis revealed 4 (14%) pheochromocytomas and 2 (7%) dermoid cysts. In case of 22 (79%) patients, the postoperative material was profiled by pathologists as insignificant according to potential neoplasmatic transformation risk: 5 (17.5%) - endothelial vascular cysts, 3 (11%) endothelial lymphatic cysts, 7 (25.5%) pseudocysts, 3 (11%) simple cysts, 2 (7%) bronchogenic cysts, 1 (3.5%) - cortical adenoma and 1 (3.5%) cyst was of myelolipoma type.

Conclusions. Based on the performed research and previous experience in treating patients with adrenal lesions we can conclude that application of the same evaluating algorithm for both cystic and solid lesions is valid.

Open access

Emmanuel Jeje, Thomas Olajide and Bashir Akande

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Mirjana Varjacic, Goran Babic, Dragan Loncar and Marija Bicanin

;10(2):61-64. Notzon FC, Cnattingius S, Bergsjo P, Cole S, Taffel S, Irgens L, Daltveit AK. Cesarean section delivery in the 1980s: International comparison by indication. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994;170(2):495-504. Cunningham FG, Gant NF, Leveno KJ, Gilstrap LC, Hauth JC, Wenstrom KD. Caesarean section and postpartum hysterectomy. u: William's obstetrics, New York, itd: McGraw-Hill, 2001:537-564. Gugino L, Cimino M, Wactawski-Wende J. Single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis during cesarean section. Prim Care Update Ob Gyns. 1998

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Lalida Pariyakanok, Suphawadee Erjongmanee and Preamjit Saonanon

References 1. Eye Bank Association of America. 2007 Eye Banking Statistical Report. Washington, DC: Eye Bank Association of America. 2. Liu E, Slomovic AR. Indications for penetrating keratoplasty in Canada, 1986-1995. Cornea. 1997; 16: 414-9. 3. Stephen JD , Kathy YC, Allan RS .Indications for penetrating keratoplasty in a tertiary referral centre in Canada, 1996-2004. Can J Ophthalmol. 2007; 42:244-50. 4. Dobbins KR, Price FW Jr, Whitson WE. Trends in the indications for penetrating

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Jacek Hermann, Marta Sękowska and Michał Drews

: Urgent subtotal colectomy for severe inflammatory bowel disease. Dis Col Rectum 2004; 48: 70-73. Truelove SC : Systemic and local corticosteroid therapy in ulcerative colitis. Br Med J 1960; 13: 464-73. Truelove SC : Medical management of ulcerative colitis and indications for colectomy. World J Surg 1988; 12: 142-47. Ritchie JK : Ulcerative colitis treated by ileostomy and excisional surgery. Br J Surg 1972; 59: 345-51. Binder SC, Miller HH, Deterling RA

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María Bermúdez López, Álvaro Gasalla Cadórniga, José Manuel López González, Enrique Domínguez Suárez, Carlos López Carballo and Francisco Pardo Sobrino

Anestesiol 2017;83(10):1111-2 7. Veiga M, Costa D, Brazão I. Erector spinae plane block for radical mastectomy: A new indication? Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2018;65(2):112-5 8. Leyva FM, Mendiola WE, Bonilla AJ, Cubillos J, Moreno DA, Chin KJ. Erector Spinae Plane (ESP) Block for Postoperative Analgesia after Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2017;S1053-0770(17)31005-4. 9. Cornish PB. Erector Spinae Plane Block: The “Happily Accidental” Paravertebral Block. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2018

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Lostun Gabriel, Lostun Alexandra and Brînzaniuc Klara

References 1. Olze H, Zahnert T, Hesse G. Hearing aids, implantable hearing aids and cochlear implants in chronic tinnitus therapy. HNO. 2010;58:1004-1012. 2. Luo R, Wang X, Sun C, Lan J. Comparison of the residual hearing on the profound hearing-impaired children with the hearing aids and cochlear implants. Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, head and neck surgery. 2010;24:1123-1125. 3. Riss D, Arnoldner C, Baumgartner WD, et al. Indication criteria and outcomes with the Bonebridge transcutaneous bone-conduction implant. Laryngoscope. 2014

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Marco Antonio Zenteno, Jorge Arturo Santos-Franco, Ángel Lee, Fernando Vinuela, Jose-Maria Modenesi Freitas and Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar

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