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Caterina Magrini

Abstract

Wolf and dog depredation on livestock in the province of Rieti, central Italy, in 2007-2008, was studied. The study area was characterized by a high degree of human disturbance, widespread presence of free ranging dogs and a recent wolf recolonization. Because of the ineffectiveness of compensation programmes, it was not possible to use the official statistics to investigate the extent of the conflict, but sample interviews and surveys of farmers were used. Also, the farming protection tecniques adopted for different livestock species were analysed; the most utilized husbandry method was stabling for cattle and pigs, annual fenced grazing for horses and sheeps, and annual open grazing only for goats. Although sheep farms were the most attacked because of their availability (33.6% of the whole farms), goat farms were the most selected by predators because of their accessibility (40% of farms kept goats in annual open grazing). Management implications to mitigate livestock depredation were discussed.

Open access

Nikolay Vladimirovich Onistratenko, Elena Anatolievna Ivantsova, Andrey Alexandrovich Denysov and Denys Anatolyevich Solodovnikov

References Belyaev, A.I. (2004). Development of methods for the rational use of resources, breed cattle for beef production in the Lower Volga region. An abstract of doctor of agricultural Science dissertation, Volgograd, Russian Federation. Kaydulina, A.A., Pen’kova, I.N. (2011). Meat efficiency and environmental safety of cattle fattening in the industrial. Proceedings of the Lower Volga agrouniversity complex: Science and Higher Vocational Education, 2(22), 117−123. López-Alonso, M. (2012). Trace minerals and livestock: Not too much not

Open access

Antibiotics in Austrian drinking water resources, survey 2014

Antibiotika in österreichischen Trinkwasserressourcen, Monitoring 2014

Norbert Inreiter, Birgit Huemer, Burkhard Springer, Franko Humer and Franz Allerberger

extent of environmental occurrence of antibiotics in public water supplies. The aim of this study was to provide the first nationwide survey of the occurrence of a broad range of 37 antimicrobials in drinking water resources across Austria. Figure 1 Pathways of pharmaceuticals in groundwater and drinking water Abbildung 1. Einbringungswege von Arzneistoffen in Grund- und Trinkwasser 2 Materials and methods 2.1 Antimicrobials Thirty-seven commonly prescribed human and veterinary antibiotics were arbitrarily chosen because of their widespread

Open access

Dalia Hamza, Sohad M. Dorgham, Mahmoud Elhariri, Rehab Elhelw and Elshaimaa Ismael

bacteria such as B. cereus , C. botulinum , or C. perfringens present in the soil is common ( 11 ). In this work, we have determined the presence of C. perfringens in apparently healthy animals which might be a source of contamination of fresh produce through water and soil, and a potential risk factor for consumers. Material and Methods Sample collection and preparation Animal and human samples . Rectal swabs from 70 cattle, 40 buffaloes, 55 sheep, and 50 goats in Cairo and Giza governorates, Egypt, and 40 fresh stool samples from people suffering from

Open access

E. Bednarko-Młynarczyk, J. Szteyn, I. Białobrzewski, A. Wiszniewska-Łaszczych and K. Liedtke

Hypoderma lineatum (insect oestridae). Vet Immunol Immunopathol 36: 153-162. Cicek H, Cicek H, Eser M, Tandogan M, Sarimehmetoglu HO ( 2011 ) Prevalence and economic significance of bovine hypodermosis in Afyonkarahisar province of Turkey. Trop Anim Health Prod 43: 17-20. Commission Decision No 2006/427/EC of 20 June 2006 laying down performance monitoring methods and methods for assessing cattle’s genetic value for pure-bred breeding animals of the bovine species (O.J. L 169 of 22.6.2006 pp. 56-59) Evstaf’ev MN ( 1980

Open access

Mariana Sandu and Stefan Mantea

Abstract

For livestock holdings, the breeding sector is the most important and the level of breeding technical indicators is the path to profit or loss. It can be said that in animal husbandry, this is the sector with the highest degree of technicality and that is why there were made efforts in research to create modern techniques that allow the man to control all these phenomena and the level of indicators to not depend only on the capabilities of the bull, boar, ram and rooster, etc.

The aim of this paper is to provide a view upon the use of breeding biotechnologies in Romanian livestock. Based on the data of National Agency for Improvement and Reproduction in Animal Husbandry were analyzed the dynamics of artificial insemination, in species of livestock contained in Official Control of Production (COP). The dynamics of embryo transfer in cattle, in Romania, in the period 2000-2012 is based on data reported by the Romanian Association of Embryo Transfer (A.R.E.T.) to the European Association of Embryo Transfer (A.E.T.E.).

Although until 1990 agricultural research and the system of state enterprises favored the application of these biotechnologies, after 1990, the highly divided property in agriculture and the lack of organization of farmers in associative forms resulted in the restricted use of these modern techniques.

Regarding the use A.I., in the analyzed period, the total number of A.I. decreased by 55%, due to the changes that have occurred since 1990, with the restructuring that occurred in livestock (reducing the number of large farms and the continue decline of the number of females) and in the national network of breeding and selection of animals.

In Romania, due to high costs, embryo transfer is not a method currently used and accessible to ordinary farmers, being used mostly to obtain the bulls used in artificial insemination network or the cows as steers mothers.

Open access

Marta Rybska, Sandra Knap, Maurycy Jankowski, Blanka Borowiec, Michal Jeseta, Dorota Bukowska, Paweł Antosik, Michał Nowicki, Maciej Zabel, Bartosz Kempisty and Jędrzej M. Jaśkowski

Abstract

Ovarian cysts remain to be one of the most common and serious problems in reproduction of farm animals, as well as humans. Apart from causing the fall in reproductive potential of the ovaries, occupying the place in which folliculogenesis and oogenesis occur, they also cause hormone imbalances, by preventing corpus luteum formation, hence lowering the amount of steroid hormone production. While singular cysts rarely affect fertility, hormone fluctuations that are associated with their presence promotes their multiplication, which usually has more adverse effects. While the cysts are easily detectable in humans, possessing distinct echography while examined by ultrasound, multiple factors prevent widespread use of effective detection methods among large herds of farm animals. Because of lack of noticeable symptoms of early stages of such malignancies, they rarely get detected before the animal stops to exhibit symptoms of heat. That causes scientific research to be focused on not only methods of detection, but also the ways to negate the effects of ovarian cysts and bring the affected specimen back to reproductive potential. Despite that, high costs of diagnosis and treatment, cause them to be uncommon on commercial farms. As lack of fertility eliminates animals from breeding purposed herds, ovarian cysts persist as a cause of large losses of the animal husbandry business. Continuous research, focused on natural examples of ovarian cysts should be conducted, in order to improve methods of detection, prevention, treatment and recovery from the effects of ovarian cysts.

Open access

Pavel Kalač

concentration. Czech J Anim Sci 51: 271-277. Park YW, Anderson MJ, Walters JL, Mahoney AW (1983): Effects of processing methods and agronomic variables on carotene contents in forages and predicting carotene in alfalfa hay with near-infrared-reflectance spectroscopy. J Dairy Sci 66: 235-245. Petersen MB, S0egaard K, Jensen SK (2011): Herbs feeding increases n-3 and n-6 fatty acids in cow milk. Livestock Sci 141: 90-94. Pickworth CL, Loerch SC, Kopec RE, Schwartz SJ, Fluharty FL (2012): Concentration of pro­vitamin A carotenoids

Open access

Marta Pisarek, Jadwiga Lechowska, Zbigniew W. Czerniakowski and Jadwiga Topczewska

Summary

Subject and purpose of work: The aim of the study was to evaluate activities of farms located in the Czarnorzecko-Strzyżowski Landscape Park according to the principles of sustainable development.

Materials and methods: Survey research was carried out in the Korczyna commune among randomly selected farm owners at the turn of 2014 and 2015.

Results and conclusion: Agricultural production is rather versatile and unspecialized in most of the farm-holdings covered by the study in Korczyna Local Government Area (LGA). Cereals dominate the cropping system, while animal husbandry is predominantly by using the Simmental cattle breed. The farmers are aware that they farm in specific conditions, where sustainable land use is crucial for protecting biodiversity and preserving cultural heritage, thus permitting inhabitants to live in an uncontaminated environment. The Korczyna Local Government Area enjoys favourable conditions for the running of ecological farms, but with farmers visibly lacking in motivation as they consider such farming system as unprofitable, besides requiring lots of time and work.

Open access

A. Pazoki, A. Saket and D. Hariri

4. REFERENCES Alile O.M., Molindo W.A., Nwachokor M.A., 2007. Evaluation of soil profile on aquifer layer of three locations in Edo state, International Journal of physical science Vol 2, pp. 249-253. Egbai J.c, Efeya Pios, 2013. Geoelectric method for investigating salt water intrusion into freshwater aquifer in Deghele community of Warri south local government area of Delta state, Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Science., ISSN 2051-0853, pp. 819-827. Ezhisaivallab K. and Poongothai S., 2016. Geoelectrical signatures of the coastal