References ADORNO Т. W. (2005), The Meaning of Working Through the Past . [in:] NZ, Issue No2. ERLL А. (2008), Cultural Memory Studies: An Introduction. [in:] Media and Cultural Memory. Berlin/New York, NY: de Gruyter. HALBWACHS M. (2005), Historical Memory and Collective Memory. [in:] NZ. Issue 2–3. Hutton P. (2003), History as the Art of Memory. St. Petersburg , Vladimir Dal. LYLYO T. (2011), De-historification of Consciousness as a Precondition for the Effectiveness of Manipulative Ideology in Modern Journalism [in
). Liquid Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press. BERGER, Peter, L. - LUCKMANN, Thomas (1966). The Social Construction of Reality. New York: Anchor Books. BIRTH, Kevin (2006). ‘The Immanent Past: Culture and Psyche at the Juncture of Memory and ‘History‘, Ethos 34 (2): 169-191. BOURDIEU, Pierre (2005). „Outline of the Theory of Practice: Structures and the Habitus“, In. Spiegel, Gabrielle M., ed.: Practicing History: New Directions in Historical Writing after the Linguistic Turn. New York: Routledge, pp. 179
Geisteswissenschaften. Frankfurt am Main : Suhrkamp. GADAMER, H.-G. 1979. „The Problem of Historical Consciousness“. In: P. Rabinow, P. Sullivan, W. M. /ed./, Interpretive Social Science: A Reader. Berkeley: University of Califorina: 103-160. GEORGI, V. B. - OHLIGER, R. 2009. Crossover Geschichte: Historisches Bewusstsein Jugendlicher in der Einwanderungsgesellschaft. Hamburg: Körber-Stiftung. GIDDENS, A. 2000. Unikající svět: Jak globalizace mění náš život. Praha: Sociologické nakladatelství: HALBWACHS, M. 1950. La
. Halbwachs M. (1992). On collective memory . Chicago, The University of Chicago Press. Hutton P. H. ‘Sigmund Freud and Maurice Halbwachs: The Problem of Memory in Historical Psychology’. The History Teacher . Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 145-158. Kazlauskienė B. (1992). ‘Iš tautosakos skyriaus veiklos pokario laikotarpiu’. Tautosakos darbai . No. 1 (8), pp. 98-108. Kraštotyros darbų katalogas (1977–1985). Vilnius: Lietuvos TSR paminklų apsaugos ir kraštotyros draugija. Liekis A. (1993). Nenugalėtoji Lietuva . Vol. I, Vilnius: Valtybinis leidybos centras
Christopher Ross Petrakos
, Maurice. On Collective Memory. Trans. Lewis A. Coser. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. Print. Historical Manuscripts Commission. The Manuscripts of Allan George Finch ... of Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland. Vols. 2-5. London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1922-2004. Print. Historical Manuscripts Commission, The. The Manuscripts of the Marquis of Ormonde: Preserved at Kilkenny Castle. Vols. 4-8. London: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, by Mackie & Co., 1906-1920. Print. L’Estrange, Roger. The Character of a Papist
The article is of interdisciplinary nature with its emphasis laid on sociology. Its aim is to present some considerations on the way in which emergent phenomena1 are created. The question whether the reasoning based on analogy fosters phenomena related to the emergence of new notions comes as the research problem that the author tries to solve. The research hypothesis is formulated as the following statement: applying analogy,2 considerations which refer to historical memory allow additional notions, such as collective, institutional and market memory, to emerge. In the article, the research method applied in order to achieve the assumed aim is the grounded theory3 because it allows us to generate knowledge in numerous fields. During the articulation of theoretical annotations,4 new emerging notions come as a good starting point for further studies on various types of memory, and consequently, they determine their usability in practice. In the article, the annotations are placed in the footnotes and they present the author’s thoughts and reflections presented by people who have been consulted with regard to the discussed problems. Presented in the theoretical part of the article, the reference to scientific achievements in the field of marketing memory is actually very difficult because they are extremely scarce.
Historical memory may be seen as knowledge resources recorded in some past stories, diaries and specialist publications; it also refers to artefacts collected in museums and to historical monuments that represent the culture of a particular society. Collective memory refers to historical awareness that is manifested by the cultivation of traditions and customs, reconstruction of buildings in which previous generations used to live. The concept of institutional memory is related to a specific vector that provides collective memory with magnitude and direction in the form of interpretation of events; it can be considered as a resultant of exogenous and endogenous processes taking place in a society. On the basis of those considerations, another type of memory appears: market memory as a new category of knowledge. The essence of market memory comes down reminding various communities about products the consumption of which is supposed to satisfy their needs at a specific level, but it will also lead to the replacement of currently operating devices with new and more advanced ones.
References Bierhoff, Hans-Werner, and Dieter Frei. 2011. Sozialpsychologie - Individuum und soziale Welt. Gottingen et al.: Hogrefe. Bobineau, Julien. 2016. “The History of the Democratic Republic of Congo.” The Democratic Republic of the Congo. La Republique Democratique du Congo. Eds. Julien Bobineau, and Philipp Gieg. Berlin: LIT Verlag. 11-28. Bragard, Veronique, and Stephanie Planche. 2010. “Museum Practices and the Belgian Colonial Past: Questioning the Memories of an Ambivalent Metropole.” Museums in
Cynthia J. Miller
Among any city’s most wounded bodies and minds are the homeless - individuals who live on the streets, without any formal claim to place. For many of these individuals, the vessels of historical memory are not museums, or classrooms, or library archives, but parks, alleyways, and subway stations. As the numbers of homeless individuals increase dramatically each year, their social, physical, and psychological trauma increasingly characterizes urban life, even as their experiences fall to the margins of the city’s history and future. In response, this paper explores the merging of homeless histories with public history, through two interlocking projects carried out in Boston, Massachusetts - “Histories and Homelessness,” a community-based life-writing project, and “Images from the Streets,” a disposable-camera photography project - outreach and education projects, in which all participants are among the unsheltered homeless who spend their nights on heating grates, under highways, and in ATM kiosks. Together, these projects begin to map and make visible the landscape and memories of homelessness, as they are written and photographed by its inhabitants, and firmly situate these histories within the wider community. Recovering the personal and interpretive histories of homeless individuals, so intimately tied to “place,” creates a powerful strategy for expanding the history of the community to include voices and visions often excluded or left at the margins.
The present article reflects on and emphasises the importance of the still-unrecognised work by Catalan writers who bore witness to the exile of 1939 and the preceding historical period of the Second Spanish Republic (1931–1939) and the Civil War (1936–1939). The article explores how these exiled writers and their literary corpora played a fundamental role in recovering Catalan historical collective memory and identity. In particular, it focusses on two writers, Domènec Guansé and Vicenç Riera Llorca, in the light of recent studies of literary history, which have begun this process of re-evaluating the literature of exile, and thereafter relates their work to the theories of Lowenthal, Ricoeur and Traverso regarding the past and memory.
References Assmann, Jan. 1992. Das kulturelle Gedächtnis: Schrift, Erinnerung und politische Identität in frühen Hochkulturen. [Cultural Memory and Early Civilization: Writing, Remembrance and Political Imagination.] München: Verlag C. H. Beck. Foucault, Michel. 1971. L’ordre du discours. [The Order of Discourse.] Paris: Gallimard. György, Péter. 2010. “Az amnéziaterápia: A Kádár-korszak fausti egyezsége.” [“Amnesia Therapy. The Faustian Pact of the Kádár Regime.”] In Apám helyett [Instead of My Father], 17