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Marlen Rein

, Ole Wæver, and Jaap de Wilde. Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998 Cartin, Megan, Rebecca Welling, Ganesh Pangare, and Tawatchai Rattansorn. Mekong River Basin: Mobilising Grassroots Engagement and Facilitating High-level Dialogue for Transboundary Water Management. Gland: International Union for Conservation of Nature, 2012 Cascão, Ana Elisa. “Hydro-Hegemony and Counter Hydro-Hegemony in the Nile River Basin.” London Water Research Group: Second International Workshop on Hydro-Hegemony, May

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Iancu Miruna Mădălina

Abstract

It is certainly and without fail that through a simple hovering over the present state of relations between Romania and the Russian Federation, the factual balance is not an encouraging one, the state of mind of the bilateral register being continuously dominated by the same issue: ,,history is a ballast, and the frame in which the two states perceive each other has been fixed a long time ago, clogged and jammed by momentarily political statements, and deprived of any heuristic nuances” (Dungaciu, Tănăsescu, 2013). Therefore and within such optics, based on an undeniable belief that a heuristic approach of the bilateral dimension is an imperative, the present paper aims to provide a first concrete solution likely to create the critical mass necessary to achieve a complex regeneration process of normalizing Romania's relations with its neighbor to the East. Circumscribed to such a sphere of interest, the present paper assumes the fact that beyond the overwhelming historical legacy related to the bilateral register and implicitly, beyond its problematic receipt, the complex process of normalizing the relations between Romanian and the Russian Federation is unavoidably obstructed by an entire arsenal of terms such as ,, reset”, ,,thaw”, ,,recovery”, ,,blocking”, terms which maintain and support a certain negative perception, thus certifying the fact that it prevails a ,,freeze”, a ,,cooling” and an impediment in the bilateral dimension. Starting from this undeniable and undoubted reality, the axial objective of the present paper is to fundamentally reverse this lexical hegemony, thus operating substantive changes at the level of the linguistic universe specific to the bilateral register, in such a manner as to register a major change in regards to the behavioral pattern afferent to the bilateral reports.

Open access

Sofia Larsson

. Laclau, E. and Mouffe, C. (2001) Hegemony and socialist strategy: towards a radical democratic politics , London: Verso. Lee, J.K. (2007) ‘The Effect of the Internet on Homogeneity of the Media Agenda: A Test of the Fragmentation Thesis’, Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly , 84(4), 745-760. Mitchelstein, E. and Boczkowski, P. J. (2009) ‘Between tradition and change’, Journalism , 10(5), 562-586. Mouffe, C. (2005) On the political, Thinking in action , London: Routledge. Nip, J.Y.M. (2006) ‘Exploring the Second Phase of Public Journalism’, Journalism

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Rene Mäe

) ‘Cultural Industries and Cultural Policy’. International Journal of Cultural Policy , 11 (1): 1-13. Howarth, D. (2009) ‘Power, discourse, and policy: articulating a hegemony approach to critical policy studies’. Critical Policy Studies , 3 (3-4): 309-335. Jänes, L. (2009) ‘Kultuur loova majanduse südames’ (‘Culture in the Heart of the Creative Economy’). Loov Eesti leht , 1 : 2. Karulin, O. (2014) ‘Urve Tiidus: “Kriisid on elu pärisosa’ (‘Crises as an Essenial Part of Life’). Sirp , April 3, http://www.sirp.ee/s1-artiklid/c9-sotsiaalia/2014

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Iranian-Norwegian Media Consumption

Identity and Positioning

Sharam Alghasi

Abstract

This study examines 20 Iranian-Norwegians and their diverse media consumption. The claim is that the dynamics between media’s hegemonic quality, expressed in their discursive representation of realities, and Iranian-Norwegians’ subjective positions seem to have a vital impact on the processes of meaning construction and positioning that Iranian-Norwegians experience in Norwegian society. Analysis of the respondents’ media preferences indicates that they are most often attracted by three characteristics linked to their status: being Iranian, immigrant and Muslim. These elements emerge as identity markers that Iranian-Norwegians focus on in their relationship to the media, and furthermore employ in their negotiation of identity and position in Norwegian society. They often express an anomaly between their understanding of themselves, who they are and where they belong, and the discursive representation of them in the media. This results in an attitude of resistance, in the shape of the subjective constructions of the respondents, and which seems to propel them in different directions.

Open access

Mark Donnelly

York City: Places of Struggle/Places of Strength.” In Queers in Space: Communities, Public Places, Sites of Resistance , edited by Gordon Brent Ingram, Anne-Marie Bouthillette and Yolanda Retter. Seattle: Bay Press, 1997. 356–370. How to ’92: Model Actions for a post-Columbian World , Minneapolis: Alliance for Cultural Democracy, (n.d.). Laclau, Ernesto and Chantal Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a radical Democratic Politics . London: Verso, 2001. Laclau, Ernesto. “Universalism, Particularism and the Question of Identity.” In

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Evelyn Nwachukwwu Urama and Ebuka Elias Igwebuike

Abstract

European nations colonized most of the African societies and as a result had political and economic power and control over these nations. With the western domination, the colonists ruled the African nations and every other person was to obey their command. The colonizers introduced hegemonic educational system to Africans in which they were taught the European ethos without their studying African culture. Due to this hegemony, the European colonial masters imposed their culture on Africans and it succeeded in reshaping the cultural and political lives of Africans. Many Africans abandoned African customs and beliefs when they gained western education. Therefore due to this hegemony Africans lost their authentic/real selves and became adulterated. Their main concern becomes to create and recreate themselves through going back to their culture and origin. Through poststructuralist analysis of ‘Heavensgate’ and ‘Path Thunder’ in Labyrinths (1971), this paper explores how Christopher Okigbo, an African poet, embarked on a spiritual journey in quest of his primordial self and became an asserted poet. The paper aims at imploring Africans all over the world to follow the footprints of Okigbo in identifying their true selves for them to have meaningful lives.

Open access

Ashley M. Popp and Chia-Ju Yen

Abstract

The first part of this study, explored by Ashley Popp, presents an investigation into a relatively unexamined area of physical education: an analysis of a transcultural phenomenon in the history of dance. Data has been collected from primary sources and archival evidence to assess competing ideologies inherent in the transformation of a particular art form. In the analysis of the cultural migration through which belly dance was transferred from the Middle East to the United States, an adaptive reaction to the hegemonic relationships of culture, race, gender, and class has been observed. Beyond performance aesthetics, links have been made between the act of belly dancing and the building of women’s self-esteem, as researched by Chia-Ju Yen. The main purpose of her study was to explore how facial burn patients cope with disfigurement and the unfriendly attitudes of others, and examines the alteration of body image via inspiration provided by the performance of belly dance. This research was conducted from the perspective of an anthropologically thickdescription research method, and a case study was performed using in-depth interviews, including narratives by a woman who had suffered facial injuries. The results of the research showed that through family support, hard work and a decisive and studious personality, the patient was able to cope with the discriminatory attitude of others. The performance of belly dance not only made her emphasize her body, but also enriched her life.

Open access

Dragoș Ivana

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to re-examine popular culture in early-modern England by focusing on the oral/illiterate-written/literate and popular culture-high culture dyads. I aim to question why these interrelated socio-cultural categories have not been properly reconciled by the writers of the time. Moreover, my purpose is to focus on antiquarianism as a valid method whereby the delineation between the above-mentioned dichotomies turns into a subtle relationship in which both terms become complementary. I shall focus on two important antiquarian texts - Henry Bourne’s Antiquitates Vulgares (1725) and John Brand’s Observations on Popular Antiquities (1777) - by considering issues of religion and national identity, in an attempt to show that popular culture made known its counter-hegemonic virtues which, though permanently negotiated, were never rejected by the polite. Ultimately, the unstable relationship between the high and the low will be seen as suggestive of the porous boundaries between the two, indicating, at the same time, popular culture’s participatory role in rethinking cultural identity in Enlightenment England.

Open access

Ľuboš Blaha

Abstract

In this study I will try to put forward the views of the social theorists and critics who consider “postmodern culture” (Jameson) as deeply manipulative. The fundamental patterns of the system of the ideology preach to the spread of the values of consumerism, individualism and hedonism (Fromm). As the study shows, the media play a key role in spreading these values (Chomsky). The media became the main “ideological apparatus” (Althusser) and the business world, the world of culture and politics is controlled by these media. Economic system thus gains support of the population and can reproduce itself. According to some interpretations there is no escape from the environment of the systemic manipulation (Jameson, Foucault, Marcuse), but there are also opinions according to which systemic indoctrination can intervene only in the public - official discourse, but not culture and behavior patterns of marginalized groups (Scott, Bloch, Williams). I will try to interpret and analyze systematically these two intuitive views. In this context, I will develop the thesis that the value of truth, not as an epistemologically or metaphysically regulative principle, but as a socio-emancipating force which can have in the environment of the absolute manipulation a decisive impact in the formulation of alternative to the current (post)modern global-capitalist society. The study is based on the author's book Matrix of Capitalism: Is the Revolution Coming? (Veda, Bratislava 2011).