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Aleksandrija Djordjevic

References 1. Petersen PE. Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st century: implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007. World Health Organization. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol, 2009;37:1-8. 2. Ramos-Gomez F, Crystal YO, Ng MW, Tinanoff N, Featherstone JD. Caries risk assessment, prevention, and management in pediatric dental care. Gen Dent, 2010;58:505-517. 3. Poutanen R, Lahti S, Tolvanen M, Hausen H. Parental influence on childrens oral health-related behavior. Acta

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Ewa Perzanowska, Renata Chałas and Jolanta Szymańska

References 1. Petersen PE. Improvement of global oral health - the leadership role of the WHO. Comm Dent Health.2010;27:194-9. 2. Hobdell M, Petersen PE, Clarkson J, Johnson N. Global Goals for oral health 2020. Int Dent J. 2003;53:285-8. 3. Petersen PE, Kwan S. The 7th WHO Global Conference on Health Promotion - towards integration of oral health. Comm Dent Health. 2010;27(Suppl. 1):129-36. 4. Wierzbicka M, Szatko F, Strużycka I, et al. Monitoring Zdrowia Jamy Ustnej 2012. Stan zdrowia jamy

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Andrzej Gładysz, Weronika Rymer and Bartosz Szetela

Occupational Exposure of Health Service Employees to HIV, HBV, and HCV Infections: Pre- and Postexposure Prophylaxis

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Monika Michalak and Anna Kiełtyka-Dadasiewicz

REFERENCES 1. Zielińska A, Nowak I. Kwasy tłuszczowe w olejach roślinnych i ich znaczenie w kosmetyce. Chemik 2014; 68(2):103-10. 2. Obiedzińska A, Waszkiewicz-Robak B. Oleje tłoczone na zimno jako żywność funkcjonalna. Żywn Nauka Technol Jakość 2012; 1(80):27-44. 3. Sionek B. Oleje tłoczone na zimno. Roczniki PZH 1997; 48(3):283-94. 4. Makała H. Cold-press as functional food. Plant Lipids Science, Technology, Nutritional Value and Benefits to Human Health 2015; 185-200. 5. Wroniak M, Kwiatkowska M, Krygier K. Char

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Małgorzata Winiarska and Dariusz Matosiuk


According to ICD C-50 breast cancer (or disease of the nipple) is the second most frequent cause of death among women in Poland. It also ranks first among tumors. The number of cancer cases is on the rise, which is due to the fact that women are not involved in voluntary protection programs, they do not conduct breast self-examinations systematically and the fact that breast tumors are usually detected at an advanced stage. In order to improve these statistics, some anti-tumor programs, focusing on breast cancer, regular self-examination need to be implemented. It would definitely decrease the number of cancer cases and drive down the mortality indexes.

The authors of this article analyzed the health-seeking behaviors among female residents of Otwock county, paying special attention to the risk of breast cancer factors and disease prevention. This work is based on research conducted in 2014, looking at 69 women, residents of city of Otwock and Otwock area. An anonymous questionnaire designed by the authors of the study was handed out to the participants and the results were later subject to a statistical analysis.

The findings of the study suggest what follows: (i) gynecologists are not engaged enough in breast cancer prevention programs; (ii) women rarely conduct breast self-examinations, even though they know they have to do it at least once a month; (iii) women participate in preventive breast examinations relatively often; (iv) women would not be against mandatory mammography screenings; (v) the place of residence had no significant influence over one’s attitude toward prophylaxis; (vi) health education for girls should become a subject in junior high schools (gimnazjum in Polish).

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Dominika Piątek, Teresa Bachanek, Magdalena Klijer and Renata Chałas

. 2001;153:1166-72. 26. Bałczewska E. Analiza stanu uzębienia u kobiet z chorobami przyzębia i obniżoną gęstością mineralną kości. Czas Stomat. 2005,58(12):863-70. 27. Kunchur R, Goss AN. The oral health status of patients on oral bishosphonates for osteoporosis. Aust Dent J. 2008;53(4):354-7. 28. Drozdowska B, Pluskiewicz W, Michno M. Tooth count inederly women in relation to their skeletal status. Maturitas. 2006;55:126-31. 29. Kribbs PJ, Smith DE, Chesnut CH III. Oral findings in osteoporosis. Part 2

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Renata Chałas, Paweł Maksymiuk and Tomasz Fajgier

. 5. Górska R, Pietruska M, Dembowska E, et al. Częstość występowania chorób przyzębia u osób w wieku 35-44 lat w populacji dużych aglomeracji miejskich. Dent Med Probl. 2012;49:19-27. 6. Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, 2013. Dostępność i finansowanie opieki zdrowotnej ze środków publicznych. 7. Rada Ministrów, 2007. Narodowy Program Zdrowia na lata 2007-2015. 8. World Health Organization: The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1987. 9. Lalonde M. A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians; A Working

Open access

Aleksandra Michalska

References 1.Коска, К., Kachaniuk, Н., Bartoszek, A. Fałdyga, U., Charzyńska-Gula, M. (2013). Najczqstsze problemy zdrowotne dzieci w wieku szkolnym - na przykladzie szkoty podstawowej i gimnazjum w Lublinie [The Most Common Health Problems of Children of School Age in Primary and Secondary Schools of Lublin], Medycyna Ogolna i Nauki о Zdrowiu [General Medicine and Health Sciences], No 4, pp. 508-513 (in Polish). 2.Korczak, J. (2005). Prawo dziecka do zdrowia [Child’s Right to Health], Retrieved 20.08.2015 from : <http

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Ravish Hardanahalli Shankaraiah, Gangaboraiah Bilagumba, Doddabele Hanumanthappa Ashwath Narayana, Rachana Annadani and Veena Vijayashankar

References 1. World Health Organization. Rabies vaccines: WHO position paper, Weekly Epidemiological Record, No. 32, 2010, 85: 309-20. 2. Association for Prevention and Control of Rabies in India (APCRI). Assessing burden of rabies in India. Report of a national multicentric survey [Internet]. 2004 [cited 2012 Jul 9]. Available from 3. National guidelines for rabies prophylaxis and intradermal administration of cell culture rabies vaccines, National Institute of Communicable Diseases