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Metka Šiško

, Santoni S, Vares D, Peros JP, Boursiquot JM, This P. High throughput analysis of grape genetic diversity as a tool for germplasm collection management. Theor. Appl. Genet. 2011;122:1233-1245. 12. Lund B., Ortiz R., Skovgaard IM, Waugh R., Andersen SB. Analysis of potential duplicates in barley gene bank collections using re-sampling of microsatellite data. Theor. Appl. Genet. 2003;106:1129-1138. 13. Meglič V, Šuštar Vozlič J, Luthar Z, Ferant N, Čerenak A, Šiško M, Cvelbar J. Slovene plant gene bank and genetic resources programme. In

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Gergana Desheva

. International rules for seed testing. In Seed Science and Technology , vol. 13 , pp. 299–355. LU, X. – CHEN, X. – CUI, C. 2004. Germination ability of seeds of 23 crop plant species after a decade of storage in the National Gene Bank of China. In Plant Genet Resources Newsletter , vol. 139 , pp. 42–46. MALENČIĆ, Ð. ‒ POPOVIĆ, M. ‒ MILADINOVIĆ, J. 2003. Stress tolerance parameters in different genotypes of soybean. In Biology Plantarum , vol. 46 , pp. 141‒143. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022384600538 MILOŠEVIĆ, M. ‒ MIHALJEV, I. – DOKIĆ, P. – ĆIROVIĆ, M. 1996

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Inger Hjalmarsson

Abstract

This article reviews the history of plum cultivation and cultivars in Sweden with the aim to describe important heirloom cultivars and to explain how they are conserved in the Swedish National Gene Bank. Commercial plum production in Sweden started around 1890 and was initially in part based on small-fruited local cultivars grown on their own roots. Along with the development of a modern Swedish nursery industry and experimental research the use of grafted trees grew in importance. In the mid-1950s, the yearly plum production in Sweden was estimated to be approximately 2000 tonnes. Since the mid-1980s, production has declined and it is now only about 250 tonnes per year. The work to safeguard heirloom cultivars began with a national inventory in 2005 and since 2012, so-called mandate cultivars have been planted in the Swedish National Gene Bank at Alnarp. Today 45 plum cultivars are preserved with two trees in the gene bank at Alnarp and two trees in local clonal archives.

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Viive Rosenberg, Jaanika Edesi, Ketlin Liiv and Katrin Kotkas

At EVIKA, we have been preserving potato varieties, breeding lines and land-races in vitro as meristem plants for more than 30 years. Various experiments have been conducted to determine the effects of medium components, growth conditions and other factors on regeneration and the sub-culturing interval of in vitro plants. Based on these experiments, the optimal preservation medium and long-term preservation conditions in vitro for many varieties have been developed. Every 3.0-3.5 months, the potato plants regenerated from meristems are transferred onto growth-regulator-free propagation medium. At present, there are 454 potato varieties, breeding materials, land-races and 1026 meristem clones in our gene bank. The interest in varieties as genetic resources and in those with coloured flesh tubers is increasing. In EVIKA’s test field we have been testing meristem clones of variety ‘Blue Congo’. We have demonstrated the use of that variety for making salads; baked, boiled, mashed potato and even for French fries. In addition, the use of the genetic resources was started in a farm, where. 2000 kg seed tubers were produced from 4580 meristem plants of variety ‘Väike verev’ in 2012. The main interests are: dark yellow flesh, content of antioxidants and use as a source for functional diet.

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Mirko Spiroski, Aleksandar Petlichkovski and Ana Strezova

References Petlichkovski A, Efinska-Mladenovska O, Trajkov D, Arsov T, Strezova A, Spiroski M. High-resolution typing of HLA-DRB1 locus in the Macedonian population. Tissue Antigens. 2004;64:486-91. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0039.2004.00273.x PMID:15361127 Spiroski M, Arsov T, Petlichkovski A, Strezova A, Trajkov D, Efinska-Mladenovska O, Zaharieva E. Case Study: Macedonian Human DNA Bank (hDNAMKD) as a source for public health Genetics. In: Health Determinants in the Scope of New Public Health. Ed. by

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Grzegorz B. Durło, Stanisław Małek and Jarosław Socha

Climate conditions on The stability of mountain Forest stands in The Silesian Beskid (in Polish with English summary). Agricultural University in Cracow Publishing , Cracow, Poland, pp. 163. Durský J., Škvarenina J., Minćáš J., Miková A. 2006. Regional analysis of climate change impact on Norway spruce ( Picea abies L. Karst.) growth in Slovak mountain forests. Journal of Forest Science, 52, 306–315. Feliksik E., Durło G. 2004. Climatological characteristic of the area of the Carpathian Regional Gene Bank in the Wisła Forest District. Dendrobiology, 51

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Jerzy Puchalski, Maciej Niemczyk, Piotr Walerowski, Wiesław Podyma and Adam Kapler

Wileńszczyznę. Zróżnicowanie i ochrona szaty roślinnej pogranicza Europy Środkowej i Północno-Wschodniej, pp. 67-94. Polskie Towarzystwo Botaniczne - Zarząd Główny, Warszawa. Peltzer S. & Matson P. 2002. Understanding the weed seed bank life of important agricultural weeds. Pp. 21-22. Agrobusiness Crop Updates, Department of Agriculture, Western Australia. Pérez-García F., González-Benito M. E. & Gómez-Campo C. 2007. High viability recorded in ultra-dry seeds of 37 species of Brassicaceae after almost 40 years of storage. Seed Science and

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Kassahun Tesfaye

Abstract

Sorghum bicolor is one of the most important cereal crops around the world, particularly in Africa, highly cultivated for dietary staple. For this reason, a good knowledge and usage of this genetic resource in sorghum accessions is highly vital for improving crop quality. Analysis of genetic variability among the accessions will enable accurate results in breeding. The research design used was augmented design, which is common in many gene banks. This research finding would be used later by plant breeders to select best performers for further evaluation of the crop and obtain a new variety of sorghum.

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Andrzej Pławski, Marta Podralska, Wojciech Cichy, Michał Drews, Piotr Krokowicz and Ryszard Słomski

References Drews M, Banasiewicz T, Krokowicz P i wsp.: Zespoly polipowatości rodzinnych jelita grubego. Współcz Onkol 2006; 10(8): 395-400. Groden J, Thliveris A, Samowitz W et al.: Identification and characterization of the familial adenomatous polyposis coli gene. Cell 1991; 66(3): 589-600. Słomski R, Szalata M, Wolko i wsp.: Izolacja DNA. Analiza DNA teoria i praktyka 2008: 44-53. Pławski A, Lubiński J, Banasiewicz T et al.: Novel germline

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Adolf Korczyk and Izabela Myszczyńska

nagozalążkowych. Warszawa, PWN, ISBN 8301100168. Kaňák, J., Klápště, J., Lstibůrek, M. 2009. Úvodní genetické hodnocení semenných sadů borovice lesní v západních Čechách. Zprávy lesnického výzkumu , 3: 189-204. Kaźmierczak T., Sęktas J. 2004. Archiwum klonów - żywy bank genów. Las Polski , nr 1 specjalny. Kocięcki S. 1988. Wytyczne w sprawie selekcji drzew na potrzeby nasiennictwa leśnego. Prace Instytutu Badawczego Leśnictwa, Seria B , 7: 1-61. Korczyk A. 1997. Zachowanie