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Fanny Binard and Daniel Jaquet

References VI.1 Primary sources Anonymous, Liber de arte Dimicatoria, 1320-1330. Leeds, Royal Armouries, Ms I.33. Anonymous, compendium (Hans Talhoffer Fight book), 17th c. Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 125.16 Extrav. VI.2 Secondary literature Cinato, Franck, ‘Development, Diffusion and Reception of the Buckler plays: A Fighting Art in the Making, a case study’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books, ed. by Daniel Jaquet, Timothy

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Chassica Kirchhoff

,” (unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Stuttgart, 2008) Burkart, Eric, “The Autograph of an Erudite Martial Artist: A Close Reading of Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 3227a,” in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14 th -17 th Centuries), ed. by Daniel Jaquet, Karen Verelst, and Timothy Dawson, History of Warfare, 112 (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016), 451-480 Briquet, C. M., Les filigranes: Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leur apparition vers 1282 jusqu

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Daniel Jaquet

, Beitrag zur ältern Liteteratur oder Merkwürdigkeiten der Herzoglichen öffentlichen Bibliothek zu Gotha (Leipzig : Dyk’sche, 1838). Jaquet, Daniel, Karin Verelst, and Timothy Dawson, eds., Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books: Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , History of Warfare 112 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2016). Jaser, Christian, ‘Ernst und Schimpf - Fechten als Teil städtlicher Gewalt- und Sportkultur’, in Agon und Distinktion. Soziale Räume des Zweikampfs zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit , ed. by Uwe

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Olivier Dupuis and Vincent Deluz

historiques et scientifiques, 2009). Curry Anne, Mercer Malcolm, The Battle of Agincourt (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015). Deacon Jacob Henry, ‘Prologues, Poetry, Prose and Portrayals: The Purposes of Fifteenth Century Fight Books According to the Diplomatic Evidence’, Acta Periodica Duellatorum, 4/2 (2016), 69-90, Dejonghe Delphine and Deluz Vincent, “L’Art d’archerie” ou “la fachon de tirer de l’arc a main”. Edition critique et commentaire du premier traité de tir à l’arc d'Occident (Genève: Droz, forthcoming

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Children disengaged from armed groups in Colombia

Integration Processes in Context

Julia Villanueva O’Driscoll, Gerrit Loots and Ilse Derluyn

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Alina Maria Holban and Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu

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Sixt Wetzler

.2. Secondary sources Bauer, Matthias Johannes, ‘Teaching How to Fight with Encrypted Words. Linguistic Aspects of German Fencing and Wrestling Treatises of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times’, in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fight Books. Transmission and Tradition of Martial Arts in Europe (14th-17th Centuries) , ed. by Daniel Jaquet et al., History of Warfare 112 (Leiden: Brill, 2016), pp. 47–61. Bowman, Paul, Martial Arts Studies. Disrupting Disciplinary Boundaries (London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015). Burkart, Eric, ‘The Autograph of an

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Economising Early Prints on Fight Books by Multiple Using Movable Half Page Woodcuts.

Insights into the layout work on the illustrations of Andre Paurnfeindt’s Fight Book of 1516 published by Hieronymus Vietor

Matthias Johannes Bauer

IV. BIBLIOGRAPHY IV.1. Primary sources (manuscript and print) Anonymous, [Wrestling book], Hans Sittich, Augsburg, ca. 1512. Anonymous, [Wrestling book], Hans Wurm, Landshut, about 1507. Anonymous, [Wrestling book], Matthias Hupfuff, Straßbourg, ca. 1510-12. Graz, Universitätsbibliothek, M. 963 (Hans Czynner, [fight book], 1538); edition see secondary literature Bergner/Giessauf Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius: Dises büchlein sagt von dem heyligen Job [...], Bartholomäus Kistler, Straßburg, 1498. Munich, Bayerische

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Monika Rogalińska

Inner Strength of Female Characters in Loitering with Intent and The Public Image by Muriel Spark

Women characters in Muriel Spark's novels are diverse, some strong and powerful, some weak and unable to make decisions. And there are characters who develop throughout the novel and learn from their own mistakes. From being passive, they gradually start acting and making their own choices. Loitering with Intent and The Public Image present women characters who go through metamorphosis, from being dependent on others into living their own lives and freeing themselves from former influences. Such kaleidoscopic change enables them not only to be able to finally make their own decisions but also to overcome many difficult situations threatening their future life.

Fleur Talbot, a heroine in Loitering with Intent, finds herself at a point in which she thinks that everything she cares for is lost. Chronically passive and naïve, she cannot imagine another way of being until she understands that she is being cheated, that her life will be ruined if she does not act. Everyone around her seems to be in conspiracy against her; only taking a firm stand and opposing her surrounding world can help. Fleur's life has become totally dependent on her ability to be strong and decisive. She knows that if she remains what she is, her career and prospects for the future will be lost, so she decides to prove her determination and her will to be finally happy. Her transformation into a powerful character saves her dignity and makes her a successful writer.

Annabel, a character in The Public Image is the same type of person as Fleur, as she lacks self-confidence and has no support from anybody, even her own husband. Muriel Spark, however, presents her as another example of a heroine who develops as the action progresses, able to evoke strength in herself when her situation seems hopeless. Annabel, at first treated as a puppet in the hands of other people, who use her image for their own benefit, shows that she is capable of anything by the book's end. When her career and reputation are threatened and her privacy invaded, she decides to leave the country. This requires both effort and sacrifice, as she has to leave behind everything she has worked for all her life, but this is the necessary price for her freedom.

The ability of both female characters to show so much determination reveals an inherent inner strength, and their weakness and vulnerability as just superficial. When the situation requires it, both Annabel and Fleur are ready to fight for their rights, for their freedom and self esteem, and they discover that they are indeed capable of changing their lives.

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Jacob Henry Deacon

(Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cgm 1507). VI.2. Secondary literature Anglo, Sydney, The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000). ‘Back to the Source’, online: < > (accessed 20/10/2016). Binard, Fanny, and Jaquet, Daniel, ‘Investigation on the Collation of the First Fight Book (Leeds, Royal Armouries, MS I.33)’, in Acta Periodica Duellatorum , Vol.4, No.1 (2016), pp.3-21. Brough, Gideon, ‘Boucicaut, Jehan II le Maingre (1366 – 1421) ‘, online: < https