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Anca Chiriac, Laura Trandafir, Cristian Podoleanu and Simona Stolnicu

REFERENCES 1. Bernstein ML, McCusker MM, Grant-Kels JM. Cutaneous manifestations of cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Dermatol . 2008;25:150-157. 2. Strandvik B. Relation between essential fatty acid metabolism and gastrointestinal symptoms in cystic fibrosis. Acta Paediatr Scand Suppl . 1989;363:58-63. 3. Darmstadt GL, McGuire J, Ziboh VA. Malnutrition-associated rash of cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Dermatol . 2000;7:337-347. 4. Phillips RJ, Crock CM, Dillon MJ, et al. Cystic fibrosis presenting as kwashiorkor with florid skin rash. Arch Dis Child

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Liviu-Laurențiu Pop, Mihaela Dediu, Iulian Velea, Mirela Mogoi and Ioana M. Ciuca

References 1. Southern KW, Munck A, Pollitt R, Travert G, Zanolla L, Dankert-Roelse J, et al. A survey of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in Europe. J Cyst Fibros. 2007;6:57–65. 2. Popa I, Pop L, Popa Z, Schwarz MJ, Hambleton G, Malone GM, et al. Cystic fibrosis mutations in Romania. Eur J Pediatr. 1997;156:212–213. 3. O’Sullivan BP, Freedman SD. Cystic fibrosis. Lancet. 2009 May;373(9678):1891–904. 4. Ciuca IM, Pop L, Ranetti A., Popescu I.M, et all, Ursodeoxicholic acid effects on cystic fibrosis liver disease, Farmacia, 63: 543

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K. Glińska-Suchocka, A. Orłowska, M. Jankowski, K. Kubiak and J. Spużak

References Bentsen KD, Horn T, Risteli J, Risteli L, Engstrom-Laurent A, Hørslev-Petersen K, Lorenzen I ( 1987 ) Serum aminoterminal type III procollagen peptide and the 7S domain of type IV collagen in patients with alcohol abuse. Relation to ultrastructural fibrosis in the acinar zone 3 and to serum hyaluronan. Liver 7: 339-346. Goodman ZD ( 2007 ) Grading and staging systems for inflammation and fibrosis in chronic liver diseases. J Hepatol 47: 598-607. Guarino M, Tosoni A, Nebuloni M ( 2009 ) Direct contribution of epithelium to organ

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Raluca Costina Dina, Maria Moţa, Iulia Vladu and Ciprian A. Dina

, Marcellin P, Dhumeaux D, Trinchet JC, Beaugrand M. Noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis by measurement of stiffness in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology , 41(1): 48-54, 2005. 8. Friedrich-Rust M, Ong MF, Martens S, Sarrazin C, Bojunga J, Zeuzem S, Herrmann E: Performance of transient elastography for the staging of liver fibrosis: a meta-analysis . Gastroenterology 134(4): 960-74. 2008. 9. M Yoneda, K Fujita, M Inamori, A Nakajima, M Yoneda, M Tamano, and H Hiraishi. Transient elastography in patients with non

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Ali Erfani Karimzadeh Toosi

ABBREVIATIONS AE2 Anion exchanger 2 AIP Autoimmune pancreatitis ALP Alkaline phosphatase ALT Alanine aminotransferase; AMAs Antimitochondrial antibodies ANIT Alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate APRI Aspartate-to-Platelet Ratio Index ARFI Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse AST Aspartate AminoTransferase AST/ALT Aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio index AUROC Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve BMI Body mass index CAP Controlled attenuation parameter CFTR Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance

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Alessandra Teixeira Pessoa Ramos, Manuella Machado Figueirêdo, Ana Paula de B. Aguiar, Carolina de Godoy Almeida, Patrícia S. A. Mendes and Edna Lucia Souza

References 1. Pohl JF, Judkins J, Meihls S, et al. Cystic Fibrosis and Celiac Disease: Both Can Occur Together. Clinical Pediatrics 2011;50(12)1153-5. 2. Davis, PB. Cystic Fibrosis Since 1938. Centennial Review. Am J RespirCrit Care Med 2006;173:475-82. 3. Walkowiak J, Blask-Osipa A, Lisowska A, et al. Cystic fibrosis is a risk factor for celiac disease. Acta ABP Bioch Pol 2010;57(1):115-8. 4. Genkova ND, Yankov IV, Bosheva MN, et al. Cystic fibrosis and celiac disease - multifaceted and similar

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O. Milankov, R. Savic and J. Tosic

References 1. Salvatore D, Buzzetti R, Baldo E, Forneris M, Lucidi V, Manunza D, et al. An overview of international literature from cystic fibrosis registries. Part 3. Disease incidence, genotype/phenotype correlation, microbiology, pregnancy, clinical complications, lung transplantation, and miscellanea. J Cyst Fibros. 2011; 10(2): 71-85. 2. Nielsen OH, Larsen BF. The incidence of anemia, hypoproteinemia, and edema in infants as presenting symptoms of cystic fibrosis: A retrospective survey of the frequency of this symptom

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Baiba Lāce, Santa Grīnblate, Liene Korņejeva, Vija Švābe, Ineta Grauduma, Pārsla Vēvere, Rita Lugovska, Alvils Krams and Agris Martinsons

References Anonymous (2009). Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator. [PUBMED] Bobadilla, J., L., Farrell, M.H., Farrell, P.M. (2002). Applying CFTR molecular genetics to facilitate the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis through screening. Adv. Pediatr. , 49 , 131-190. Corbetta, C., Seia, M., Bassotti, A., Ambrosioni, A., Giunta, A., Padoan, R. (2002). Screening for cystic fibrosis in newborn infants: Results of a pilot programme based on a two tier protocol (IRT

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K. Glińska-Suchocka, A. Orłowska, J. Spużak, M. Jankowski and K. Kubiak

References Afdhal NH ( 2004 ) Biopsy or biomarkers: is there a gold standard for diagnosis of liver fibrosis? Clin Chem 50: 1299-1300. Baranova A, Lal P, Birerdinc A, Younossi ZM ( 2011 ) Non-invasive Markers for Hepatic Fibrosis. BMC Gastroenterol 11: 91. Baszczuk A, Kęsy L, Kopczyński Z ( 2012 ) The value of laboratory tests in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis. J of Med Sci 81: 175-181. Błazik E, Durlik M ( 2010 ) Mechanizmy włóknienia wątroby i metody ich oceny. Med Sci Rev Hepatol 10: 25-29. Fernandez-Varo G, Jimenz W ( 2011 ) Non

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Wafaa M. Ezzat, Halla M. Ragab, Nabila Abd El Maksoud, Nour A. Abdulla and Yasser A. Elhosary

References 1. Zanaty F, Way A. Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Egyptian: Ministry of Health (El-Zanaty and Associates and Macro International, Cairo). 2009: :pp 431. 2. Miller FD, Abu-Raddad LJ. Evidence of intense ongoing endemic transmission of hepatitis C virus in Egypt. Proceedings of the 3. Palmeri ML, Wang MH, Rouze NC, Abdelmalek MF, Guy CD, Moser B, et al. Noninvasive evaluation of hepatic fibrosis using acoustic radiation force-based shear stiffness in patients with nonalcoholic fatty