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Impact of Government Agricultural Policies on Exports of Cocoa and Rubber in Nigeria

Model. Agricultural Journal 5(3): 146-150. Obadan MI (1983): An Econometric Analysis of the Impact of Structural Adjustment Programme on Natural Rubber Export Supply. National Center for Economic Management and Administration (NCEMA), Ibadan, Nigeria. Monograph Series No. 4. Ojo MO, Akanji M (1996): Responsiveness of Selected Agricultural Export Commodities to Exchange Rate Devaluation in Nigeria. An Econometric Analysis. CBN Economic and Financial Review 34(2): 511-578. Ojo MO (1988): Agricultural Performance and Policy

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Determinants of Pakistan’s Exports: An Econometric Analysis

References Achakzai, J. K. (2006), Intra-ECO trade: a potential region for Pakistan’s future trade , ʽThe Pakistan Development Review ʼ , 425–437. Afzal, M. (2001), Exports in a Simultaneous Model–The Case of Pakistan , ʽGovernment College Economic Journalʼ 34(1&2), 53–66. Afzal, M. (2005), Demand and Supply of Exports in Pakistan , A Disequilibrium Model. Ahmed, Q. M., Butt, M. S., Alam, S., Kazmi, A. A. (2000), Economic Growth, Export, and External Debt Causality: The Case of Asian Countries [with Comments] , ʽThe Pakistan

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Investigating a Random Walk in Air Cargo Exports of Fresh Agricultural Products: Evidence from a Developing Country

(Revised Edition). San Francisco: Holden Day. Briz, J., Garcia, M., de Felipe, I. & Poole, N. (2003). Quality Control in Mediterranean Fresh Food Export Products . 83 rd EAAE Seminar, Chania, Crete, Greece, 4 – 7 September, 2003. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255649462_Liberalizing_air_cargo_services_in_APEC Chandra1, P. & Kar, A. (2006). Issues and Solutions of Fresh Fruit Export in India . Paper presented at International Seminar on Enhancing Export Competitiveness of Asian Fruits, Bangkok, Thailand, 18-19 May 2006 de Mel

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The Effect of Exports on Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Policy Implications

of Economic Issues , Vol. 13, pp. 3–35. Chang, Ch-P., Berdiev, A. N., Lee, Ch-Chi. (2013), Energy exports, globalization and economic growth: The case of South Caucasus, Economic Modelling , Vol. 33, pp. 383–346. Deng, W., Chen, D., Huang, M., Hu, J., Chen, L. (2015), Carbon dioxide deliming in leather production: a literature review, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 87, pp. 26–38. Dickey, D. A., Fuller, W. A. (1979), Distribution of the estimators for autoregressive time series with a unit root, Journal of the American Statistical

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Competitiveness as the Ability to Adjust: the EU–10 Exports Structure and Its Convergence to the German Pattern

predecessors – a 500 - year cross - national perspective , ‘Structural Change and Economic Dynamics’, 6, 23–42. Wysokińska Z. (1997). Aspekty technologiczne konkurencyjności międzynarodowej Unii Europejskiej oraz Polski, ‘Studia Europejskie’, (2). Żmuda M. (2017), Taxonomy of International Competitiveness , ‘Journal of Management and Business Administration. Central Europe’, 25(3), 97–116. Żmuda M., Czarny E. (2017), Competitiveness of a catching - up economy as ability to close technological gap: Evolution of the EU–10 exports specialization towards

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Key Factors for Development of Export in Polish Food Sector

Abstract

Background: The accession of Poland to the European Union in 2004 facilitated increased exports of food products. It revealed a significant competitive advantage of Polish foreign trade in agri-food products compared to the countries of the ≫old EU≪. After nearly 10 years of Polish membership in the EU, the food sector has still a considerable potential, fostering a further increase in exports.

Objectives: The purpose of the paper was an attempt to establish the current determinants for the possibility to increase the exports of the Polish food sector and to identify potential opportunities and potential threats in the future. It was also decided to give an answer to the question whether any of the group factors has a greater impact on the development of exports than the other, and which issues play only a minor role in the development of international exchange.

Method: The analysis used involved the review of the relevant literature and forming a group of experts to specify the key factors of success in the food sector export. Basing on the experts research the STEEPVL analysis was carried out.

Results: It turned out that apart from a number of organizational, financial and marketing factors the most important are: the level of the IT infrastructure and the fluctuation of the demand on the international markets for the goods offered by the sector.

Conclusion: Therefore, the focus on the new distribution channels, integrated company management IT systems and changes in the demand on the market is the key challenge for securing the current potential and for the further development of the sector.

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Foreign Trade of the Republic of Belarus in the International Business Environment

1 Introduction The importance of foreign economic activity is steadily increasing in the international business environment, which is characterised by expanding global economic ties, the entry of business entities to external markets, increasing government borrowing in international financial markets, and strengthening integration processes in the world. Government trade policy can affect business by making it easier or more difficult to trade across international borders ( Stanford, 2019 ). The development of export–import relations and the volume of foreign

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Export Margins, Price and Quantity of Belarus’s Export Growth

References AMITI, M. & FREUND, C. (2008), An Anatomy of China’s Trade Growth. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, no.4628, 1-29. AMURGO-PACHECO, A. & PIEROLA, M. D. (2008), Patterns of Export Diversification in Developing Countries, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no.4473, 1-34. BESEDES T., & PRUSA T.J. (2011). The Role of Extensive and Intensive Margins and Export Growth. Journal of Development Economics, 96(2), 371-379. DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2010.08.013 BERNARD, A.B., JENSEN, J

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Export Process Capability Assessment Model

Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination, Communications in Computer and Information Science , vol. 349, pp. 61–72, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38833-0_6 [4] Besson, J., Mitasiunas, A. and Ragaisis, S., “Enterprise SPICE Export Extension,” in Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination, Communications in Computer and Information Science , vol. 477, pp. 279–282, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13036-1_27 [5] U. S. Department of Commerce, A Basic Guide to Exporting , 2012 ed., p. 246, [Online

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Import Tariffs of Trading Partners: Evidence from Three West Balkan Countries

Paper No. 2003/46. Frankel A.J., Stein E., Wei S‑J. (1995), Trading blocs and the Americas: The natural, the unnatural, and the super‑natural, ʽJournal of Development Economicsʼ, 47. Fleming J.M., Mundell R.A. (1964), Official Intervention on the Forward Exchange Market: A Simplified Analysis, ʽIMF Staff Papersʼ, 11(1). Korinek J., Bartos J. (2012), Multilateralising Regionalism: Disciplines on Export Restrictions in Regional Trade Agreements, ʽOECD Trade Policy Papersʼ, No. 139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k962hf7hfnr

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