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Konrad Bocian, Olga Bialobrzeska and Michal Parzuchowski

). Value and Need as Organizing Factors in Perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33-44. Clark, H.H. (1996). Using Language. Cambridge University Press. Dąbrowska, E. (2006). Low-level schemas or general rules? The role of diminutives in the acquisition of Polish case infl ections. Language Sciences, 28, 120-135. Drabik, L., & Sobol, E. (2007). Słownik Poprawnej Polszczyzny. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Firestone, C., & Scholl, B.J. (2015). Enhanced visuala wareness formorality and pajamas

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Ineta Dabašinskienė

References Weissenborn, J. and Höhle, B. (eds). (2001). Approaches to bootstrapping: Phonological, syntactic and neurological aspects of early language acquisition. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins. Bittner, D., Dressler, W. U., Kilani-Schoch, M. (eds.). (2003). Mini-paradigms and the emergence of verb morphology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Dąbrowska, E. (2006). Low-level schemas or productive rules: The role of diminutives in the acquisition of Polish case inflections

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Sonja Schwaiger, Jutta Ransmayr, Katharina Korecky-Kröll, Sabine Sommer-Lolei and Wolfgang U. Dressler

-337. Dressler, W.U. 1989. “Prototypcial differences between inflection and derivation”. Zeitschrift fur Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 42. 3-10. Dressler, W.U. and L. Merlini Barbaresi. 1994. Morphopragmatics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Dressler, W.U. and L. Merlini Barbaresi. 2001. “Morphopragmatics of diminutives and augmentatives: On the priority of pragmatics over semantics”. In: Kenesei, I. and Robert Harnish (eds.), Perspectives on semantics, pragmatics, and discourse. A Festschrift for Ferenc Kiefer. Amsterdam

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Olga Steriopolo

References Amha, A. (2001). The Maale language. The Netherlands: Research School of Asian, African, and American Sudies, Universiteit Leiden. Arad, M. (2003). Locality constraints on the interpretation of roots: The case of Hebrew denominal verbs. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 21, 737-778. Bachrach, A. and Wagner, M. (2007). Syntactically driven cyclicity vs. output-output correspondence: The case of adjunction in diminutive morphology. (Master's thesis). MIT and Cornell University

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Borbála Zsemlyei

References Bauer, L. 1996. No phonetic iconicity in evaluative morphology. Studia Linguistica 50(2): 189–206. Beeching, K. 2007. A politeness-theoretic approach to pragmatico-semantic changes. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 8(1): 69–108. Dahl, Ö. 2006. Diminutives and augmentatives. In: Brown, Keith (ed.), Enciclopedia of Languages & Linguistics. Elsevier. 594–595. Juraffsky, D. 1996. Universal tendencies in the semantics of the diminutive. Language 72: 533–578. Kiefer F. 2004. Morphopragmatic phenomena in Hungarian. Acta

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Susan F. Schmerling

, available at: < https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leona_Helmsley >. [25] Spanish diminutives, augmentatives, and more… (n.d.), in Spanish411.net, available at: < http://www.spanish411.net/Spanish-Diminutives-Augmentatives.asp >. [26] Using diminutives in Spanish. (n.d.), in Happy hour Spanish , available at: < https://www.happyhourspanish.com/those-little-diminutives-inspanish/ >. [27] Bartens, N., Sandström, A., 2006. Towards a description of Spanish and Italian diminutives within the Natural Semantic Metalanguage framework. In Peeters, B., (Ed

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Mariola Szymczak-Rozlach

Abstract

The subject of the study is a group of selected expressive lexical units with positive connotation, euphemisms and euphemistic diminutives belonging to the category of amelioratives. These units function within a broadly understood expressive lexicon, used to express different emotions, including negative valorization. The author assumes that expressiveness is a very important element of interpersonal communication in terms of nomination and she finds the expressive function of the language as the key one. Among the euphemizing derivatives (quasi­diminutives) and diminutives, the author distinguishes categories of nouns, adjectives and verbs. The boundaries of the units forming the ameliorative category are fuzzy and very variable. The sample material of euphemisms and diminutives in the euphemistic function comes primarily from the available monolingual dictionaries of the Slovak language and is respectively verified by examples from the National Corpus of the Slovak language. Ameliorative­diminutive forms, which also occur in the euphemizing function, became the objects of detailed analysis. From among ameliorative forms, the euphemisms (including also diminutives as well as children’s lexicon) deserve a special attention.

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Luljeta Adili-Çeliku, Jehona Rushidi-Rexhepi and Jeta Rushidi

Abstract

The works of Naim Frashëri and Ismail Kadare have had a great impact in the Albanian literature. We will not, however, discuss their literary value, but rather we will dwell on the linguistic impact and the gradual enrichment of the language by these authors. In this context, it is sometimes impossible to separate literature from language. This paper aims at explaining some of the aspects of the usage of the diminutive by the above-mentioned writers in their works. Therefore, in Frashëri’s poetry, we find it to be used for the purpose of derision or endearment of something or somebody, whereas in Kadare’s works we see it used only for derision and contempt of a thing or a person. The paper is divided into three parts, the first dealing with the usage of the diminutive by the authors, the second consists of examples of diminutive words, and the last section compares the words used by the former and latter of the authors in question

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Grzegorz Skommer

References Borowiak, M. (2010). Diminutiver i polsk, tysk og norsk. Et forsøk på en kontrastiv analyse. En upublisert masteroppgave. Poznan: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza. Dressler, W. U., Merlini Barbaresi, L. (1994). Morphopragmatics: Diminutives and Intensifiers in Italian, German, and Other Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Faarlund, J. T. Et al.. (1997). Norsk referansegrammatikk. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. Farø, K., Schoonderbeek Hansen, I. (2009). Den lille forskel? Diminutiver i

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Diac Andreea Raluca, Brusnic Olga, Gabos Gabriella, Onisor Danusia, Drasoveanu Silvia Cosmina, Boeriu Alina and Dobru Daniela Ecaterina

References 1. Singh R, Bhat YM, Thurairajah PH, et al. Is NBI superior to hWLE in the Assessment of Diminutive Colorectal Polyps? J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013;28:472-478. 2. Laurie Barclay. All colorectal polyps should be treated, Dis Colon Rectum. 2003;46:A30-31. 3. Hassan C, Repici A, Zullo A, Sharma P. New paradigms for colonoscopic managment of diminutive colorectal polyps: Predict, resect and discard or do not resect? Clin Endosc. 2013;46:130-137. 4. Rastogi A, Keighley J, Singh V, et al. High accuracy of NBI without magnification