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Erzsébet Bognár, Gabriella Hellner, Andrea Radnóti, László Somogyi and Zsolt Kemény

and young children 2018 [5] Carlson, F.K.: Deodorization. In : Hui, Y. H. (ed.) Bailey’s industrial oil and fat products. Edible oil and fat products: Processing technology. 5th Edition. Volume 4. (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA) 1996 pp. 411–449 ISBN: 9780471594284 [6] O’Brien, R.D.: Fats and oils formulating and processing for applications. Third Edition. (CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida, USA) 2009 pp. 153–164 ISBN: 9781420061666 [7] Sipos, E.F.; Szuhaj, B.F.: Edible oil Processing. In : Hui, Y.H. (ed.) Bailey

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Saba Naz, Syed Tufail Hussain Sherazi, Farah Naz Talpur, Huseyin Kara, Siraj Uddin and Rauf Khaskheli

-135. 16. IUPAC. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 1979. Standards Methods for the Analysis of Oils and Fats Derivatives 6th edn. Pergamon Press, Oxford, (U.K), p. 96. 17. Jiang S.T., Shao P., Pan L.J., Zhao Y.Y., Molecular distillation for recovering tocopherol and fatty acid methyl esters from rapeseed oil deodoriser distillate. Biosyst. Eng., 2006, 93, 383-391. 18. Kasim N.S., Gunawan S., Ju Y.H., Isolation and identifi cation of steroidal hydrocarbons in soybean oil deodorizer distillate. Food Chem., 2009, 117, 15

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M. Suchea, I.V. Tudose, N. Vrînceanu, B. Istrate, C. Munteanu and E. Koudoumas

References 1. Lin Wang, Zhong "Nanostructures of Zinc Oxide", Materials today, june 2004 , 26-33. 2. Saito, M. Antibacterial, deodorizing, and UV absorbing materials obtained with zinc oxide (ZnO) coated fabrics. J. Ind. Text. 1993 , 23 (2): 150-164 3. Li, Qun; Chen, Shui-Lin; Jiang, Wan-Chao Durability of nano ZnO antibacterial cotton fabric to sweat. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2007 , 103, 412-415. 4. Mitchnick, M.A.; Fairhurst, D.; Pinnell, S.R. Microfine zinc oxide (Z-cote) as a

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Anişoara-Arleziana Neagu, Irina Niţă and Elisabeta Botez


The major objective of this study is to report physico-chemical properties of sunflower oil samples collected from different stages of the technological process for sunflower oil refining for food industry. The samples of oil were crude oil, washed oil, bleached oil and deodorized oil. The physico-chemical properties of sunflower oil experimentally determined were density, saponification value (SV), iodine value (IV), and acid value (AV). It was found that the density of sunflower oil remains approximately constant over the different stages of the manufacturing flow of cooking oil, except the crude oil. The acid value significantly decreases from crude oil (2.588) to deodorized oil (0.366). The iodine value and saponification value of the different samples of the sunflower oil corresponding to different stages of oil processing varies slightly. The capacity of different models to accurately correlate and/or predict the density of vegetable oil was tested. The density of sunflower oil can be accurately estimated from its SV and IV or with an empirical equation, when density data are available.

Open access

Sim Jiaying

References Barker, Jennifer. 2008. Out of Sync, Out of Sight: Synaesthesia and Film Spectacle. Paragraph vol. 31 no. 2: 236-251. Beugnet, Martine. 2007. Cinema and Sensation. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Elias, Norbert. 1994. The Civilizing Process. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Jenner, Mark. 2000. Civilization and Deodorization? Smell in Early Modern English Culture. In Civil Histories: Essays Presented to Sir Keith Thomas, eds. Peter Burke, Brian Harrison and Paul Slack, 127

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Soyibjon S. Bozorov, Nodir Sh. Berdiev, Uchkun J. Ishimov, Shukhratjon S. Olimjonov, Jamolitdin F. Ziyavitdinov, Akmal M. Asrorov and Shavkat I. Salikhov

References Abdurakhimov SA, Makhmudov RA (2014) Analyzing and technical regulation of vegetable oils extracted by extraction method according to international standards. Scientific and Technical Journal “STANDARD” of Uzstandart Agency. 2: 28-30. Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. (2002) Biochemistry 5 th edition, WH Freeman, New York: 1050 p. Bondioli P, Mariani C, Lanzani A, Fedeli E, Muller A (1993) Squalene recovery from olive oil deodorizer distillates. J. Am. Oil Chem. 70: 763-766. Bruni R, Medicim A, Guerrini A, Scalia S, Poli F

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Jacek Przepiórski, Adam Czyżewski, Joanna Kapica and Miguel de la Casa-Lillo

sorbents for CO 2 capture from flue gas. AIChE J. , DOI:10.1002/aic.12771. Przepiórski, J., Yoshida, S. & Oya, A. (1999). Structure of K 2 CO 3 -loaded activated carbon fiber and its deodorization ability against H 2 S gas. Carbon , 37, 1881-1890. DOI:10,1016/S0008-6223(99)00088-3. Henning, K.D. & Schäfer, S. (1993). Impregnated activated carbon for environmental protection, Gas Sep. Purif. , 7, 235-240. DOI:10.1016/0950-4214(93)80023-P. Hedin, N., Chen, L. & Laaksonen, A. (2010). Sorbents

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Lolita Tomsone and Zanda Krūma

Products from Plants. Cseke, L.J., Kirakosyan, A., Kaufman, P. B., Warber, S. L., Duke, J.A., Brielmann, H.L. (eds.). CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 1–49. Gertz, C., Klostermann, S., Kochhar, S.P. (2000). Testing and comparing oxidative stability of vegetable oils and fats at frying temperature. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Tech., 102 , 543–551. Govere, E. M., Tonegawa, M., Bruns, M. A., Wheeler, E. F., Kephart, K. B., Voigt, J. W., Dec, J. (2007). Using minced horseradish roots and peroxides for the deodorization of swine manure: A pilot

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Edgars Vigants, Toms Prodanuks, Girts Vigants, Ivars Veidenbergs and Dagnija Blumberga

, Biotechnology and Biomedicine 2012:179-189. [21] Li Y., Klausner J. F., Mei R., Knight J. Direct contact condensation in packed beds. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 2006:49:4751-4761. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2006.06.013 [22] Turpin A., Couvert A., Laplanche A., Paillier A. Mass transfer and deodorization efficiency in a countercurrent spray tower for low superficial gas velocities. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering 2009:87(1):53-59. doi: 10.1002/cjce.20084 [23] Codolo M. C., Bizzo W. A

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Leila Mahmoodi, Oroj Valizadegan and Vahid Mahdavi

(spearmint and cumin) under laboratory conditions. J. Agr. Sci. 22 (3): 27-35. Houghton P.J., Ren Y., Howes M.J. 2006. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from plants and fungi. Nat. Prod. Rep. 23 (2): 181-199. Jaswir I., Che Man Y.B., Kitts D.D. 2000. Synergistic effect of rosemary, sage and citric acid on retention of fatty acids from refined, bleached and deodorized palm olein during repeated deep fat frying. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 77 (5): 527-533. Kebede Y., Gebre-Michael T., Balkew M. 2010. Laboratory and field evaluation of