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Technical aspects of the dentist’s work safety

Reference Chaiklieng, S., Suggaravetsiri, P., 2015. Ergonomics risk and neck shoulder back pain among dental professionals . Science Direct, Procedia Manu-factruring, 3. Chen, W., Chen, C., Yeh, C., Lin, C., Cheng, H., Chen, R., 2013. Workplace Noise Exposure and Its Consequent Annoyance to Dentists . Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, (5)5. Hokwerda, O, Wouters, J.A.J., Ruijter, R.A.G de, Zijlstra-Shaw, S., 2006. Ergonomic Requirements for Dental Equipment. Groningen: Academisch Centrum Mondzorg Groningen. Jarosz, A., 2015

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Socio-medical analysis of patients aged 0-6 years reporting to the dentist

Abstract

Introduction. The results of epidemiological and socio-medical studies of specific age groups in Poland indicate that tooth decay and periodontal diseases still pose a significant health problem.

Aim. The aim of the study was the assessment of the reasons for reporting to the dental office and the assessment of oral health in children aged 0-6 years.

Material and methods. The study comprised 45 patients in the preschool age (2-6 years old), who for the first time reported in 2015 to the dental office, which offers treatment under the framework of an agreement with the National Health Fund or for a fee. Gender, age, the place of residence and the reason for the reporting to the dentist were analyzed. The place of residence was a village, a town of less than 200 thousand inhabitants or the city of more than 200 thousand inhabitants. The reason for reporting to the dental office was a check-up visit, toothache or loss of filling. Dental condition was assessed by calculating the dmf index. The results were statistically analyzed.

Results. Among the surveyed, there were no children younger than 2-year-olds. It was found that the dmf index was ranging in an individual patient from 0 to 20, in half of them the dmf index value was ≤ 7, while in all of the patients the average dmf index was 6.42. The percentage of respondents with dmf=0 was significantly higher among children living in the city than children living in rural areas.

Conclusion. It is necessary to intensify educational activities concerning oral health of children, addressed to pregnant women, parents and people from the living environmental of a little child. This applies in particular to promoting early reporting to the first ever, the adaptive visit of a child to the dentist, frequent and regular check-up visits, during which, regardless of the examination, prophylaxis or treatment activities can be carried out if necessary.

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Understanding the Role of General Dentists in the Process of Screening and Early Diagnosis of Oral Premalignant And Malignant Lesions - Brief Literature Review

Abstract

Aim: To indicate about the need for involving general dentists in the process of screening and early detection of malignant and premalignant lesions. To make brief literature review, which lesions are included under the term “oral premalignant lesions“, and which lesions should be excluded from this nomenclature, according to the contemporary views and conceptions. To gather in one place the latest information about new diagnostic procedures used worldwide for screening and early diagnosis of premalignant and malignant lesions of oral mucosa.

Material and Method: Searching was conducted by electronic selection of published papers over the largest database of published papers, PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/), and its subsequent ramifications PubMed Central (http://www. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov / pmc /), as well as through the database of Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/).

Discussion: Of particular importance it is the need to highlight the great role of the general dentist in the process of screening and early detection of oral cancer. Also it must be emphasized the role of the patient, his education and socio-economic status.

Conclusion: There is need for additional education of dentists about contemporary understanding of this disease. Also there is a need for education of the population about the oral cancer.

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Hypertension in pediatric dentistry practice

Abstract

The authors discuss the factors coexistent with hypertension both in children and youth, as well as the treatment methods and possible symptoms that might appear in the oral cavity. In the work, the authors emphasize that there is a need for cooperation between the general practitioner, a cardiologist and a dentist, so as to provide an early diagnosis and effective treatment, as well as to prevent complications with regard to hypertension itself and the drugs used in treatment. The discussion is based on a review of the most recent works in the field.

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Survey of Endodontic Irrigants Used by Dentists With Varying Years of Professional Experience

microhardness and erosion on root canal dentin. Microsc Res Tech, 2013;76:1079-1083. 5. Willershausen I, Wolf T, Schmidtmann I, Berger C, Ehlers V, Willershausen B, Briseno B. Survey of root canal irrigating solutions used in dental practices within Germany. Int Endod J, 2015,48:654-660. 6. Hussain S, Khan F. Asurvey on endododntic irrigants used by dentists in Pakistan. Pak Oral Dent J, 2014;34:730-734. 7. Tosic G, Miladinivic M, Kovacevic M, Stojanovic M. Choice of root canal irrigants by Serbian dental practitioners

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Anxiety In A Dental And Maxillofacial Surgery Consulting Room: Does Previous Experience Matter?

Introduction Dental anxiety can be defined as abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures (Reference.MD, 2018). This clinical condition is a major factor contributing to patients’ refusal for treatment at a dental surgery ( Skaret et al., 1999 , Scheutz & Heidmann, 2001 , Hittner & Hemmo, 2009 ). Dental anxiety is a serious public health problem affecting a very significant proportion of the population ( Smith & Heaton, 2003 , Klinberg & Broberg, 2007 , Astrom et al., 2011

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Aesthetic Perception of Dental Fluorosis - Opinions of Dentists and Non-Specialists

. Dentists' and parents' perceptions of health, esthetics, and treatment of maxillary primary incisors. Pediatr Dent 2005;27(1):19-23. Clark DC, Hann HJ, Williamson ME, Berkowitz J. Aesthetic concerns of children and parents in relation to different classifications of the Tooth Surface Index of Fluorosis. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 1993;21(6):360-4. Kukleva M, Isheva A, Kondeva V, Dimitrova M, Petrova S. Epidemiology of dental fluorosis in children from Dimitrovgrad and Plovdiv. Zabolekrski pregled 2006;2:74-81 (Bulgarian

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Bisphosphonate-associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaws: a Survey of the Level of Knowledge of Dentists about the Risks of Bisphosphonate Therapy

in cancer patients exposed to antiresorptive agents. Future Oncol 2014; 10(2): 257-75. 8. Berenson JR, Stopeck AT. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in patients with cancer. ©2015 UpToDate [Internet]. Available from: https://www.uptodate.com/contents/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-patients-with-cancer . 9. Kevorkyan A, Stoeva V, Hristamyan V, et al. [Level of knowledge of dentists about the complications from bisphosphonate therapy of immunocompromised patients in dental practice.] General Medicine 2016; 18(2): 23-7 (Article

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Knowledge and Attitude of Dentists Regarding Patients Undergoing Bisphosphonate Treatment: a Comparative Questionnaire

al. Biophosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws: A Real Challenge for Dentists. Acta Medica Marisiensis . 2015;61:115-119. 16. Mercer E, Norton T, Woo S, Treister N, Dodson TB, Solomon DH. Ninety-one osteoporosis patients affected with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw: a case series. Calcif Tissue Int . 2013;93:241-248. 17. Lazarovici TS, Yahalom R, Taicher S, Elad S, Hardan I, Yarom N. Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws: a single-center study of 101 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg . 2009;67:850-855. 18

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Dental anxiety – causes, characteristics and occurrence in the Polish population

Abstract

The present paper discusses the problem of dental anxiety. Based on the scientific review of Polish literature of the past 10 years, there are discussed causes of dental anxiety in different age groups and the methods of assessing the level of anxiety – physiological, behavioral, projection and psychological. Dental anxiety affects the patients’ attitude towards their own health, confidence in dentist, the frequency of reporting to the dental prophylaxis and treatment, which translates into oral health. It is also a major impediment to everyday clinical practice of a dentist.

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