Search Results

1 - 10 of 803 items :

  • consent to testing x
Clear All
Optimizing Opt-Out Consent for Record Linkage

References Anderman, C., A. Cheadle, S. Curry, P. Diehr, L. Shultz, and E. Wagner. 1995. “Selection Bias Related to Parental Consent in School-Based Survey Research.” Evaluation Review 19: 663-674. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193841X9501900604. Bates, N.A. 2005. “Development and Testing of Informed Consent Questions to Link Survey Data with Administrative Records.” In Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, May 12-15, 2005. 3786-3793, Miami Beach, FL. Available at: http:// www

Open access
Different Viewpoints: International Perspectives On Newborn Screening/Različita Gledišta: Međunarodne Perspektive U Vezi Sa Testiranjem Novorođenčadi

References 1. Save Babies Through Screening Foundation. www.savebabies.org (accessed 10th March 2014). 2. Loeber JG, Burgard P, Cornel MC, Rigter T, Weinreich SS, Rupp K, et al. Newborn screening programmes in Europe; arguments and efforts regarding harmonization. Part 1 - From bloodspot to screening result. J Inherit Metab Dis 2012; 35: 603-11. 3. Wilson JMG, Junger G. Principles and practice of screening for disease. Geneva: World Health Organi - sation; Public Health Papers 34 (1968). 4. UK

Open access
How to write a scientific paper: A hypothesis-based approach

, throughout the manuscript. For simplicity, we will refer to one study hypothesis in the following text, despite the fact that larger studies may intend to test several independent, connected or hierarchical hypotheses. Scientific papers are usually structured in four sections, that is, introduction, material and methods, results and discussion. Other common parts of manuscripts are abstracts, the reference list and acknowledgements. Declarations of ethical approval by a registered committee, of informed consent and of interests of the authors are needed when

Open access
Diffusion kurtosis imaging of gliomas grades II and III - a study of perilesional tumor infiltration, tumor grades and subtypes at clinical presentation

) Central tumor ROI. (D) Perilesional ROI. All ROIs were drawn on non-smoothed images to increase the precision. ROI = region of interest Statistical analysis Data distribution was analyzed using the normal probability plot and Shapiro-Wilks W test. Nonnormally distributed data were analyzed with non-parametric tests and normally distributed data were analyzed with parametric tests. Statistical analysis was performed with Statistica 12 (Statsoft, Tulsa, OK, USA) software. A p value < 0.05 after correction for multiple comparisons was regarded as

Open access
Bronchial wash Gene Xpert MTB/RIF in lower lung field tuberculosis: Sensitive, superior, and rapid in comparison with conventional diagnostic techniques

immune defense mechanisms and due to the presence of unusual organism, resistant bacteria, or diseases that mimic pneumonia. [13] In this study, we evaluated the role of bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of LLF TB with special emphasis on Gene Xpert MTB/RIF. We also compared the conventional tests such as sputum microscopy and induced sputum microscopy for AFB with bronchoscopy-guided bronchial wash for AFB microscopy and rapid nucleic acid amplification test, that is, Gene Xpert MTB/RIF. Materials and methods This is a prospective observational study conducted

Open access
First autochthonous Dirofilaria immitis (Leidy, 1856) infection in a dog in Hungary

Abstract

A 4 year-old, male Hungarian Vizsla dog which had never been abroad was referred with poor general condition, decrease in body weight, haematemesis and jaundice to the Central Clinic of Veterinary Science University, Budapest. After symptomatic treatment abdominal ultrasonography and diagnostic laparatomy were carried out. The dog was humanely euthanized two days later following owner’s consent because of sudden worsening of clinical conditions. Two adult heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) were found in the right ventricle partially coiling around the tricuspid valve. PCR on blood was positive for both D. immitis and Dirofilaria repens while only D. repens microfilariae were found by modified Knott’s test and the serological test was negative for D. immitis antigens. This is the first, confirmed report of autochthonous canine heartworm infection in Hungary.

Open access
Brain Death in Children: Incidence, Donation Rates, and the Occurrence of Central Diabetes Insipidus

clinical occurrence of Turner’s triad. Crit Care Med. 1994;22:1301-5. 5. Varelas PN, Rehman M, Abdelhak T, et al. Single brain death examination is equivalent to dual brain death examinations. Neurocrit Care. 2011;15:547-53. 6. Nair-Collins M, Northrup J, Olcese J.Hypothalamic-PituitaryFunction in Brain Death: A Review.J Intensive Care Med. 2016;31:41-50 7. Wise-Faberowski L, Soriano SG, Ferrari L, et al: Perioperative management of diabetes insipidus in children. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2004;16:220-25. 8. Mishra G, Chandrashekhar SR

Open access
Monitoring of Hemostasis by Rotational Thrombelastometry During Normal Pregnancy and Postpartum

References 1. Polak F, Kolnikova I, Lips M, Parizek A, Blaha J, Stritesky M. New recommendations for thromboelastography reference ranges for pregnant women. Thromb Res 2011; 128: 14-17. 2. Huissoud C, Carrabin B, Benchaib M, Fontaine O, Levrat A, Massignon D, Touzet S, Rudigoz R, Berland M. Coagulation assessment by rotation thrombelastometry in normal pregnancy. Thromb Haemost 2009; 101: 755 - 761. 3. Papa ML. Thromboelastometry, a Possible Tool to Identify Women at Risk of Pregnancy Loss. C TOATHERTJ 2009; 2

Open access
Difficulties of olfactometric evaluation in patients accusing smell disorders after head trauma

Abstract

Head trauma is considered to be the third cause of olfactory function disorders. Olfactometric assessment in patients accusing anosmia following head injury produced by car accident or aggression is important, because most of them are involved in law trials in order to obtain financial compensations from the author. It is compulsory to use both subjective and objective olfactory evaluation methods combined with a detailed anamnesis, a complete ENT examination and a good cranio-facial imaging (computed tomography or MRI) in order to exclude malingerers and to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

“Sfanta Maria” ENT Department from Bucharest is the only center in Romania where the olfactory function in completely investigated. We use chemosensory (Snap and Sniff Test and n-Butanol Dynamic Olfactometry) and electrophysiological tests (electric olfactory evoked potentials of the olfactory bulb).

Unfortunately, we confront with a series of difficulties in what concerns the smell function evaluation: 1) there is scarce information in the literature regarding the olfactory electric evoked potentials; 2) the electric olfactory evoked potentials register only the electrical activity in the olfactory bulb; 3) in case of olfactory impairment medically confirmed, we cannot establish a cause-effect relationship between the disturbance and the event; 4) the most accurate electrophysiological assessment method currently available in Europe is the time-frequency analysis of chemosensory event-related potentials, but we do not dispose of the necessary equipment yet; 5) sometimes patients do not give us the informed consent for a complete olfactory evaluation.

Open access
The validity of parental-reported body height and weight: a comparison with objective measurements of 7-8-year-old Czech children

derived from self-reported height and weight among 11-to 17-year-old German adolescents from the KiGGS study. BMC Research Notes 4(1): 414. Connor DPO, Gugenheim JJ. 2011. Comparison of Measured and Parents’ Reported Height and Weight in Children and Adolescents. The Obesity Society 19(5): 1040–46. Czech Republic. 2012. Decree No. 70/2012 Coll. on preventive examinations. [pdf] Available at: https://www.mzcr.cz/dokumenty/preventivni-prohlidky_8092_2956_1.html Dubois L, Girad M. 2007. Accuracy of maternal reports of pre-schoolers’ weights and heights

Open access