The collection of ancient coins of the Palacký University in Olomouc is recently preserved in the department of history there. It is very likely that the collection was founded sometimes between the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century – no details are known about it and the collection became the university property evidently after 1946. The core of the Olomouc collection is represented by denarii dating back to 154–74 BC (cat. nos. 3–69). Only individual pieces of the earlier issues (cat. nos. 1–2) and the later issues (cat. nos. 70–72) are present here. Publication of this collection could be accepted as a small contribution to documentation of the physically verified material of the mentioned period. Parallelly, it is an interesting testimony of the collecting activities in Olomouc at the break of the 19th and 20th centuries.