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G. L. Beccaro, D. Torello-Marinoni, G. Binelli, D. Donno, P. Boccacci, R. Botta, A. K. Cerutti and M. Conedera

: 453-457. BELKHIR, K., P. BORSA, L. CHIKHI, N. RAUFASTE and F. BONHOMME (2004): GENETIX version 4.05. Universuty of Montpellier II, Montpellier (France). BERGOUGNOUX, F., A. VERLHAC, H. BREISCH and J. CHAPA (1978): Le châtaignier. INVUFLEC, Paris, 192 p. BOCCACCI, P., A. AKKAK, D. TORELLO MARINONI, G. BOUNOUS and R. BOTTA (2004): Typing European chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) cultivars using oak simple sequence repeat markers. HortScience 39(6): 1212

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Eglė Zelbienė, Gailute Draksiene, Arunas Savickas, Dalia Kopustinskiene, Ruta Masteikova and Jurga Bernatoniene

) 38-45; DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.12.068. 3. J. Arct and K. Pytkowska, Flavonoids as components of biologically active cosmeceuticals, Clin. Dermatol. 26 (2008) 347-357; DOI: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2008.01.004. 4. J. A. Wilkinson and A. M. Brown, Horse chestnut - Aesculus hippocastanum: Potential applications in cosmetic skin-care products, Int. J. Cosmet. Sci. 21 (1999) 437-447; DOI: 10.1046/j.1467-2494.1999. 234192.x. 5. R. Masteikova, J. Bernatoniene, R. Bernatoniene and S. Velziene, Antiradical activities of the

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Shantal Rodríguez-Flores, Olga Escuredo and Maria Carmen Seijo

’un extrait de propolis et identification des principaux constituants. Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique, 49, 462-468. Atanassova, J., & Tonkov, S. (2013). Flower morphology of Castanea sativa Mill. from Bulgaria and characteristics of unifloral chestnut honey. Comptes rendus de l’Academie bulgare des Sciences, 66(8), 1115-1120. Atrouse, O. M., Oran, S. A., & Al-Abbadi, S. Y. (2004). Chemical analysis and identification of pollen grains from different Jordanian honey samples. International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 39, 413

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Michal Pástor, Martina Slámová and Tibor Benčať

. Bounous, G., Paglietta, R., Peano, C., Giacalone, G. & Parola F. (1999). The landscape value of chestnut grove in Cuneo Province (Italy). Acta Horticulturae, 494, 73−76. Bounous, G. (2014). Perspectives and future of the chestnut industry in Europe and all over the world. Acta Horticulturae, 1043, 19−22. DOI : 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1043.1. Chen, W.CH. & Gilmore M. (2015). Biocultural rights: A new paradigm for protecting natural and cultural resources of indigenous communities. The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 6(3), Art. 3

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L. Maistrello, G. Vaccari and N. Sasanelli


Among the natural products extracted from plants, tannins have been reported to possess antihelmintic properties especially for gastrointestinal nematodes in ruminants. Also, they are toxic to a wide range of fungi, bacteria and yeasts. Therefore, an in vitro and a glasshouse pot experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effect of chestnut tannins on the control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. In the in vitro experiment, different tannin concentrations in a geometric scale (from 0.32 to 20.48 g/l), were tested for their effect on hatching of the nematode, whereas in the pot experiment, 100, 250 and 450 g/m2 of tannins in aqueous solutions, were used in pots at transplant or at transplant and two weeks later for their effect on nematode control. In both experiments treatments were compared to untreated and fenamiphos-treated controls. In vitro a nematostatic effect of tannins was observed, whereas in the pot experiment a significant reduction of eggs and juveniles/g root, total population density and reproduction rates of the nematode were recorded. The anatomical changes induced by M. javanica in tomato roots treated with tannins did not differ from those produced by this and other Meloidogyne species on various hosts reported earlier.

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Barbara Głowacka, Sławomir Lipiński and Grzegorz Tarwacki

. Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica , 22, 1-2: 11-23. Feemers M., 1997: Versuche zur Bekämfung von Cameraria ohridella Deschkast Dimic mittels Stamminjektion (Präparat: Confidor). Forstschuts Aktuell , 21: 24-25. Ferracini C., Alma A., 2008: How to preserve horse chestnut trees from Cameraria ohridella in the urban environment. Crop Protection , 27, 9: 1251-1255. Głowacka B. 2005: Usuwanie liści zasiedlonych przez szrotówka kasztanowcowiaczka Cameraria ohridella Deschka et Dimic jako

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Gabriela Juhásová, Katarína Adamčíková, Marek Kobza and Emília Ondrušková

. [Distribution of European chesnut ( Castanea staiva Mill.) and its stand conditions in Slovakia]. Biologické práce, Bratislava: Vydavateľstvo SAV, 172 pp. Bissegger M., Rigling D., Heiniger U. 1997. Population structure and disease development of Cryphonectria parasitica in European chestnut forests in the presence of natural hypovirulence. Phytopathology 87 (1): 50-59. Cortesi P., Milgroom M. G., Bisiach M. 1996. Distribution and diversity of vegetative compatibility types in subpopulations of Cryphonectria parasitica

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Helmut Mayrhofer, Anton Drescher, Danijela Stešević and Peter O. Bilovitz

11, 730-735. GONDARD, H., ROMANE, F., SANTAREGINA, I., LEONARDI, S., 2006: Forest management and plant species diversity in chestnut stands of three Mediterranean areas. Biodiversity and Conservation 15, 1129-1142. HAFELLNER, J., OBERMAYER, W., 2007: Flechten und lichenicole Pilze im Gebiet der Stubalpe (Österreich, Steiermark und Kärnten). Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Steiermark 136, 5-59. HEININGER, C., SPRIBILLE, T., 2009: The sorediate species of Xylographa in Austria (Baeomycetales

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Katarína Adamčíková, Gabriela Juhásová, Marek Kobza and Emília Ondrušková

References Abreu C. G. 1996. Recent outbreak of bark canker caused by Melanconis modonia on European chestnut in northern Portugal. Plant Disease 80 : 1-301. Adamčíková K., Juhásová G. & Kobza M. 2006. Genetic diversity of Cryphonectria parasitica population in the Štiavnicko-krupinská subpopulation in Slovakia. Plant Protection Science 42 : 119-124.Adamčíková K., Kobza M. & Juhásová G. 2010. Characteristics of Cryphonectria parasitica isolated from Quercus in Slovakia. Forest Pathology 40 : 443

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M. E. Miranda-Fontaíña, J. Fernández-López, A. M. Vettraino and A. Vannini

interespecíficos. Tesis doctoral, Univ. Polit. de Madrid. FERNÁNDEZ-LÓPEZ, J., R. A. VÁZQUEZ-RUIZ-DE-OCENDA, R. DÍAZ-VÁZQUEZ and S. PEREIRA-LORENZO (2001): For. Snow Landsc. Res. Evaluation of resistance of Castanea sp. clones to Phytophthora sp. using excised chestnut shoots 76(3): 451-454. HARRIS, J. A., F. Y. KASSABY, I. W. SMITH and G. C. MARKS (1983): Intra-specific variation in resistance of Phytophthora cinnamomi in Eucalyptus regnans. Aust. Plant Pathol. 12: 20-22. HÜBERLI, D., G. E. St J. HARDY, I. C. TOMMERUP and I. J