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Halina Kotíková and Eva Schwartzhoffová

References Alexandris, K., & Kouthouris, C. (2005). Personal incentives for participation in summer children’s camps: Investigating their relationships with satisfaction and loyalty. Managing Leisure , 10(1), 39-53. Backer, E., Yeoman, I., & Schanzel, H. (2012). Family tourism: multidiciplinary perspectives . Bristol: Channel View Publishing. Benckendorff, P., Moscardo, G., & Pendergast, D. (2010). Tourism and Generation Y . Wallingford: CABI Carr, N. (2011). Children´s and Families´ Holiday experieces . London/New York: Routledge

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Aneta Domańska, Mirosław Godlewski and Agnieszka Kobylińska

Phosphocliesterases: Essential components in cyclic nucleotide signaling. Annual Review of Biochemistry 76: 481-511. DAWSON JF, WANG KH, and HOLMES CFB, 1996. Identification and characterization of cAMP-dependent protein kinase and its possible direct interactions with protein phosphatase-1 in marine dinoflagellates. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 74: 559-567. DESSAUER CW, and GILMAN AG, 1997. The catalytic mechanism of mammalian adenylyl cyclase. Equilibrium binding kinetic analysis of P-site inhibition. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 272: 27787

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Jean-François Dionne, Claude Lajoie, Philippe Gendron, Eduardo Freiberger and François Trudeau

Introduction To accumulate higher amounts of specific training hours during winter, cyclists from areas with snow are frequently involved in preseason cycling training camps (CTCs), a popular procedure in several endurance sports (Hawley and Stepto, 2001). CTCs seem to be an excellent way for them to initiate outdoor training and quickly increase their training volume. In Canada, cyclists racing at the regional, provincial and national levels spend much of the winter season indoors on a cycling home-trainer, cycle outside with the now popular fat bikes or

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Theivendren Selvam and Palanirajan Kumar

References W. J. Roesler, J. G. Graham, R. Kolen, D. J. Klemm and P. J. Mc Fie, The cAMP response element binding protein synergies with other transcription factors to mediate cAMP responsiveness, J. Biol. Chem.   270 (1995) 8225-8232; DOI: 10.1074/jbc270.14.8225. G. S. McKnight, Cyclic AMP second messenger system, Curr. Opin. Cell Biol.   3 (1991) 213-217. S. S. Taylor, S. A. Buechler and W. Yonemoto, cAMP-dependent protein kinase: framework for a diverse family of regulatory

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Benjamas Prathanee, Preeya Lorwatanapongsa, Kalyanee Makarabhirom, Ratchanee Suphawatjariyakul, Worawan Wattanawongsawang, Sirinakorn Prohmtong and Panida Thanaviratananit

, Jones JD. Utah Test of Language Development. Salt Lake City, Utah: Jones Communication Research Associates, 1967. 23. Muhaimeid H, Zakzouk S, Bafaqeeh S. Epidemiology of chronic suppurative otitis media in Saudi children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1993; 26:101-8. 24. Gordon AS, Jean-Louis F, Morton RP. Late ear sequelae in cleft palate patients. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1988; 15:149-56. 25. D’Mello J, Kumar S. Audiological findings in cleft palate patients attending speech camp. Indian J Med Res. 2007; 125

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Virtual Tour of the Gulag

The Only Accessible Gulag Museum, The Gulag.cz Association, Czech Republic

Stépán Cernousek

Abstract

The study presents a virtual tom of the Gulag camp (www.gulag.cz <http://www.gulag.cz>), which consists of the 3D visualization of the labour camp and the panoramic toms of all types of barracks. It is a unique opportunity to familiarize with the conditions, to see how Gulag camps really looked like, especially as there is no museum built from former Gulag camps in Russia today. The description of everyday life in the camp is illustrated by witnesses’ testimonies. The tour is accompanied by a general overview of the Gulag system and the stories of Czechoslovak, Hungarian, and Polish citizens arrested in the Gulag. The virtual tour is the result of three Czech expeditions to the furthest flung parts of Siberia (in 2009, 2011, and 2013), aiming to map what has remained of the abandoned Gulag camps in those areas.

Open access

Alpár-Csaba Nagy

Abstract

The presentation summarizes the results of two years of oral history research. The aim of the research was to record the recollections of the still living eyewitnesses of the events in the fall of 1944 in Cluj and its surroundings, in settlements that belonged to the southern part of Transylvania during World War II. Several hours of interviews were made in the villages of the regions of Ţara Călatei (Kalotaszeg) and the Transylvanian Plain (Mezőség), and the lecture presents a synthesis of these interviews. They address issues like deportation, atrocities, fleeing, arm usage, Soviet and Romanian detention camps, adventurous escapes, etc.

Open access

Lech Furmaniuk and Grażyna Cywińska-Wasilewska

Abstract

Introduction: Every year, about 400 new patients with tetraplegia arise in Poland. The solution ensuring the continuation of the rehabilitation process of such patients is the activity of non-governmental organizations associating disabled people. Among them Foundation of Active Rehabilitation (FAR) has greatest experience in rehabilitation of people after SCI. Annually, about 70 persons with tetraplegia participate in Active Rehabilitation (AR) camps.

Aim of this study was to estimate the influence of AR camps on the functional abilities in persons with tetraplegia.

Material and methods: 40 men with tetraplegia were examined. Subjects were divided into two groups: participants of AR camps (group A, n=20) and control (group B, n=20). TheASIA motor score was used to estimate the degree of upper limb impairment. Functional Independence Measure (FIM)was used to assess functional abilities. All subjects were assessed in the beginning of the study and reassessed after 8 days. Results: Both groups during preliminary investigation were homogeneous under regard the ASIA motor score as well as the results of FIM. During final investigations significant improvement of FIM was noted only in group A. The mean value of FIM significantly increased about 10.8 points. In group A significant correlation between FIM scores and ASIA motor score were found (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Improvement of functional skills among patients with tetraplegia which participated in AR camps was observed. The highest improvement in FIM was observed among persons with a C6 tetraplegia. Obtained results (ceiling effect) through of examined persons from C7 tetraplegia were suggested the need of applying more sensitive tests.

Open access

Stefano Vando, Davide Filingeri, Lucio Maurino, Helmi Chaabène, Antonino Bianco, Gianluca Salernitano, Calogero Foti and Johnny Padulo

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an increasing number of training hours of specific highintensity karate training on postural sway in preadolescent karate athletes. Seventy-four karatekas were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: Karate Group (KG=37): age 10.29±1.68 yrs; or Control Group (CG= 37): age 10.06±1.77 yrs. The KG performed two sessions per day for 1 week in total, while the CG performed only 3 sessions during the same period. The center-of-pressure length (COPL) and velocity (COPV) were recorded under four different experimental conditions: open eyes (EO), closed eyes (EC), open eyes monopodalic left (EOL), open eyes monopodalic right (EOR), pre as well as post training intervention. Post-camp results indicated significant differences between the groups in the COPL p<0.001; an interaction of training type×time in the COPV (p<0.001) and an interaction of training type×time (p=0.020). The KG revealed an improvement in the COPL from pre to post-camp under conditions of EO [-37.26% (p<0.001)], EC [-31.72% (p<0.001)], EOL [-27.27% (p<0.001)], EOR [-21.44% (p<0.001)], while CG revealed small adaptations in conditions of EO (3.16%), EC (0.93%), EOL (-3.03%), EOR (-0.97%). Furthermore, in the KG an improvement in the COPV from pre to post-camp was observed in conditions of EO [-37.92% (p<0.001)], EC [-32.52% (p<0.001)], EOL [-29.11% (p<0.001)], EOR [-21.49% (p<0.001)]. In summary, one-week of high intensity karate training induced a significant improvement in static body balance in preadolescent karate athletes. Karate performance requires high-levels of both static and dynamic balance. Further research dealing with the effect of karate practice on dynamic body balance in young athletes is required.

Open access

Lech Furmaniuk and Grażyna Cywińska-Wasilewska

Ocena zmian niezależności funkcjonalnej osób po urazie rdzenia kręgowego w trakcie obozów Aktywnej Rehabilitacji

Praca ma na celu ocenę zmian sprawności funkcjonalnej osób po urazie rdzenia kręgowego podczas obozów Aktywnej Rehabilitacji. Badaniom poddano grupę 52 uczestników obozów w wieku od 18 do 43 lat, znajdujących się w okresie od 6 miesięcy do 2 lat po urazie rdzenia kręgowego. W ocenie skuteczności programu usprawniającego Aktywnej Rehabilitacji wzięto pod uwagę wyniki uzyskane w teście umiejętności użytkownika wózka (Wheelchair Skills Test Version 2.4) oraz teście samoobsługi. W pracy wykazano zwiększenie sprawności funkcjonalnej uczestników obozów AR. W grupie tetraplegików zaobserwowane zwiększenie samodzielności w czynnościach życia codziennego, już po ośmiodniowym okresie usprawniania, związane było z opanowaniem nowych wzorców ruchowych opartych na mechanizmach kompensacyjnych. Natomiast w grupie paraplegików największe zmiany zaobserwowano w technice jazdy na wózku.