References Gibson, Michael “The Beauty of the Redemption of the World: The Theological Aesthetics of Maximus the Confessor and Jonathan Edwards”. The Harvard Theological Review 101.1 (2008). Crokett, Clayton. Theology of the Sublime. London: Routledge, 2001. Dubay, Thomas. The Evidential Power of Beauty. Science and Theology Meet. San Francisco, CA: Ignatius Press, 1999. Hanby, Michael. “Triunity, Creation, and Aesthetic Rationality”. American
References Andreoni, J. and R. Petrie (2008) ‘Beauty, gender and stereotypes: Evidence from laboratory experiments’. Journal of Economic Psychology , 29(1):73-93. Bakewell, C., Mitchell, V.-W. and M. Rothwell (2006) ‘UK Generation Y male fashion consciousness’. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management , 10(2):169-180. Bauman, Z. (1988) Freedom . Milton Keynes: Open University Press. Bauman, Z. (2007) Consuming life . Cambridge: Polity Press. Beck, U. (1992) The risk society: towards new modernity . London: Sage. Berg, L
The birth of aesthetics in the 18th century marks the passage from beauty to fine taste and the emergence of art as a separate sphere of culture. Indeed, before the Renaissance, art is not viewed separately from handcraft and the craftsman does not receive the distinctive status of a specialist of beautiful, an artist. This is due to two sets of reasons: first, the transformation of beauty, which becomes little by little a matter of taste and is subjective, and second, the emergence in the European culture of a special status for the artist, distinguishing him from the artisan. This slow evolution announced at the beginning of the Renaissance, will be completed only at the beginning of the 19th century
The values of human labor and teacher’s work have been reflected on the basis of lexicographical sources and research reflections of famous Ukrainian and Polish pedagogues, such as T. Novatskiy, N. Nychkalo, Pope Paul II, G. Skovoroda, Z. Vyatrovskiy, I. Zyazyun. Among the existing values presented in lexicographical sources the following characteristic of the concept is chosen: “Work is the inspiration, the inner beauty of the human, spiritual richness, and self-development of a person”. On the basis of literary analysis of philosophical and pedagogical works of G. Skovoroda it has been concluded that the working process was regarded by the great philosopher and educator as pleasure and happiness, in spite of the results. One can achieve this happiness following the command of inner nature due to the relationship with a certain kind of free vocational work. Pope Paul II proves that the priority function of teacher’s work is educating people in love, aspiraton of Truth, Beauty, Good, Hope and Freedom, “the awakening of a human in a man”. T. Novatskіy and Z. Vyatrovskiy considered teachers’ work through the values of Love, Truth, Beauty, Goodness, Hope, Liberty, Justice, Solidarity. Scientists consider that teacher’s work is “free”, happy, optimistic and finds its true purpose only when it serves as a source of creative inspiration. The summaryzing of the publications and presentations made by N. Nychkalo proves that the teachers’ work is the means of intellectual and creative potential, experience and a sense of human moral dignity.
Magdalena Stawarz, Małgorzata Makowska and Sylwester Stawarz
References 1. Bilski B., Marynowicz B.: Knowledge and hygienic behaviour, as well as the risk of incidents posing a risk of hematogenous infection within a selected population of personnel of beauty and hairdresser’s studios. Med. Pr., 57, 517, 2006. (in Polish). 2. Braun-Falco O., Plewig G., Wolff H.H., Burgdorf W.H.C. (2004) Dermatology. Wydawnictwo Czelej, Lublin. (in Polish) 3. Council Directive 98/24/ EC of 7 April 1998 on the protection of health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical
: eine fachtechnische Plauderei [Dark Acts: a Technical Talk]. Das Organ vol. 48: 6–8. Delluc, Louis. 1988 . Beauty in the Cinema. In French Film Theory and Criticism: A History. Anthology 1907–1939. Vol. I: 1907–1929 , ed. Richard Abel, 137–139. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Diederichs, Helmut H. 2001. Frühgeschichte deutscher Filmtheorie. Ihre Entstehung und Entwicklung bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg [History of Early German Film Theory until WWI]. http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/4924 . Last
Consumers construct and maintain self-concepts through the use of branded consumer products. Yet product choice not only reflects an actual or desired image of the self but can also directly influence a person’s sense of self and even boost self-esteem. The aesthetics of a product is an attribute that has the power to transform how consumers perceive themselves. The mere act of choosing a beautiful product over a less good-looking one affirms people’s sense of self - who they are and what their values are. It goes beyond personal image building and self-presentation; its impact is also turned inwards. Choice of high design works as a unique form of affirmation. It works unconsciously, and high design may even be a particularly powerful form of affirmation precisely because its relationship to the self and one’s values is not obvious. And design is more powerful than other features in this respect. Comfort and ease of use, taste and brand do not have the same self-affirming quality as design. It is not simply that “treating” oneself or going for the pleasurable option has an affirming effect; it is specific to the choice of aesthetics.
Rise with Job Seniority? A reassessment. Industrial and Labor Relations Review , 58 (3). Pp. 370-397. ANGLE, J., WISSMANN, D. A. (1981). Gender, College Major, and Earnings. Sociology of Education , 54 (1). Pp. 25-33. AULD, M. CH. (2005). Smoking, Drinking, and Income. The Journal of Human Resources , 40 (2). Pp. 505-518. AVERETT, S., KORENMAN, S. (1996). The Economic Reality of the Beauty. The Journal of Human Resources , 31 (2). Pp. 304-330. BACOLOD, M., BLUM, B. S. (2008). Two Sides of the Same
On Virtue in the Context of Sport
Sport with its long and rich history is and always has been a complex phenomenon of culture, this marvellous world of objectified human spirit, the environment of man's consciousness and its deep dreams and ideals. So, key elements of sport are not limited to the games themselves, but encompass also a strong ethos consisting of a system of values and models of comportment, personal development and human perfection, frequently expressed in philosophical terms. In ancient Greece, philosophical reflection on sport was directly related to anthropology and focused on the human's whole physical, psychical and spiritual prowess and its improvement. Similar cohesion of the sport idea, philosophy and anthropology is also present in de Coubertin's heritage with its special emphasis on pedagogy. Sport carries a huge educational potential as a tool for shaping man on the somatic, mental, emotional, moral and social levels. But contemporary sport itself is infected by pathologies (actually, first signals of them were present in antiquity), which leads to violating the rule of fair play, to doping, commercialisation of sporting achievements and treating them in an instrumental manner, to the reification of sportsmen and treating the records as an ultimate fetish. In view of such phenomena, the most appropriate and effective reaction seems to take up a reference to classical ideals of the sport ethos and their incessant reinforcement in the process of nowadays education and human self-understanding. In ancient Greece, the philosophy of sport was a complementary element of the whole phenomenon, serving as its idealistic final touch, while today it is increasingly used as a preliminary condition for the practice of sport and is indispensable for a continuation and harmonious development of its tradition. Therefore, the anamnesis of cultural sources of sport is not only of historic character but also, and primarily, has a therapeutic dimension. So, it seems worthwhile and justified to return, restore and reclaim some ancient philosophical ideals that once constituted the base of Greek sport in its great connection with anthropology, a general view of human potential in physical movement. The presented text examines the concept of virtue in ancient sport and philosophy and compares it with contemporary, especially postmodern philosophical (with references to Zygmunt Bauman and Wolfgang Welsch) understanding of human prowess, well-being and beauty.
Jian Du and Yishan Wu
must be to suggest delayed recognition ( Garfield, 1980 ). The quantitative concept of “delayed recognition,” i.e. “sleeping beauties” (SBs) in science, was proposed by van Raan (2004) , who defined SB as a publication that goes unnoticed (“sleeps”) for a long time and then, suddenly, attracts a lot of attention (“is awakened by a prince”). He suggested three criteria for distinguishing SBs: (1) deeply asleep (receive at most 1 citation per year on average), or less deeply asleep (between 1 and 2 citations per year on average) for a few years after publication; (2