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Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski and Aleksandra Budzisz

Literature 1. World Anti-Doping Code. (2015). World anti-doping code . Canada: World Anti-Doping Agency. Retrieved July 30, 2017, from https://www.wada-ama.org/en/resources/the-code/world-anti-doping-code . 2. Soltanabadi S., Tojari F., Manouchehri J. (2014). Validity and reliability of measurement instruments of doping attitudes and doping behavior in Iranian professional athletes of team sports. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 4, 280-286. 3. Morente-Sánchez J., Femia-Marzo P., Zabala M. (2014). Cross

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Paulo Martins, António Rosado, Vítor Ferreira and Rui Biscaia

Li, 2009 ). However, the potential impact of non-mandatory activities (such as sport) relies on people freely deciding to start and, afterwards, continue taking part in them ( Watson et al., 2003 ). This highlights the need to study the effect of athletes’ motivations to participate in sport, and how they relate to personal and social responsibility levels ( Catalano et al., 1999 ; Wright and Craig, 2011 ). According to Ward and Parker (2012) , the positive development of young people is greatly influenced by the self-determination levels, which has the potential

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Reylin Maciejewski and Hercules Callanta

., 1: 122-128. 4. Barrault D., B. Achou, R. Sorel (1983) Accidents et incidents survenus au cours des compétitions de judo. Symb., 15: 144-152. 5. Barsottinni D., A.E. Guimaraes, P.R. de Morais (2006) Relationship between techniques and injuries among judo practitioners. Rev. Bras. Med. Esporte, 12: 48e-51e. 6. Beis K., P. Tsaklis, W. Pieter, G. Abatzides (2001) Taekwondo competition injuries in Greek young and adult athletes. Eur. J. Sports Trauma. Relat. Res., 23: 130-136. (Abstract). 7. Caine D.J., C.G. Caine, K.J. Lindner (1996) The epidemiologic approach to

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Teresa Zwierko

. 4: 28-33. Blundell N. L. (1982) A multivariate analysis of the visual-perceptual attributes of male and female tennis players of varying ability levels. Psychology of Motor Behaviour and Sport: North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity. University of Maryland , .134-142 Christenson G. N., Winkelstein A. N. (1988) Visual skills of athletes versus nonathletes: development of a sports vision testing battery. Journal of American Optometric Association , 59(9): 666

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Dimitrios Patatoukas, Alekos Farmakides, Vasiliki Aggeli, Sofia Fotaki, Haridimos Tsibidakis, Andreas Mavrogenis, Jannis Papathanasiou and Panayiotis Papagelopoulos

References Curtis KA, Dillon DA. Survey of wheelchair athletic injuries: Common patterns and prevention. Paraplegia 1985;23:170-5. Burnham RS, Newell E, Steadward RD. Sports medicine for the physically disabled: the Canadian team experience at the 1988 Seoul Paralympic Games. Clin J of Sports Med 1991;1:193-6. Ferrara MS, Davis RW. Injuries to Elite Wheelchair Athletes. Paraplegia 1990;28:335-41. Ferrara MS, Buckley WE, McCann BC, et al. The injury

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Anna Poświata, Teresa Socha and Józef Opara

References Bø K, Sundgot-Borgen J. Prevalence of stress and urge urinary incontinence in elite athletes and controls. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001; 33: 1797-1802 Bø K. Pelvic Floor muscle training is effective in treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, but how does it work? Int Urogynecol J, 2004; 15: 76-84 Bø K, Sundgot-Borgen J. Are former female elite athletes more likely to experience urinary incontinence later in life than non-athletes? Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2010; 20: 100-104 Carls

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Barbara Frączek and Maria Gacek

. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 2009, 63, 674-683. 10. Farajian P., Kavouras S.A., Yannakoulia M., Sidossis L.S., Dietary intake and nutritional practices of elite Greek aquatic athletes. Int. J. Sport Nutr. Exerc. Metab., 2004, 14, 574-85. 11. Frączek B., Chosen dietary behaviors of a group of the professional women volleyball and basketball players. Zyw. Czlow. Metabol., 2007, 34, 710-714 (in Polish; English abstract). 12. Gacek M., Eating habits of a group of professional volleyball players. Roczn. Panstw. Zakl. Hig., 2011, 62

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Donata Woitas-Ślubowska

time in the European Union. Med Sci Sports Exerc , 2001. 33: 1142-1146. Menotti A., Amici E., Gambeli G. C., et al. Life expectancy in Italian track and field athletes. Eur J Epidemiol , 1990. 6: 257-260. Molarius A., Berglund K., Eriksson Ch., et al. Socioeconomic condition, lifestyle factors, and self-rated health among men and women in Sweden. Eur J Public Health 2006. 17(2): 125-133. Myers J., Kayakha A., George S., et al. Fitness versus physical activity patterns in predicting

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Raouf Hammami, David G Behm, Mokhtar Chtara, Aymen Ben Othman and Anis Chaouachi

Kinet, 2013; 37: 39-45 Nagy E, Toth K, Janositz G, Kovacs G, Faherkiss A, Angyan L, Horvath G. Postural control in athletes participating in an ironman triathlon. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004; 92: 407-13 Paillard T, Costes Salon C, Lafont C, Dupui P. Are there differences in postural regulation according to the level of competition in judoists? Br J Sports Med, 2002; 36: 304- 5 Paillard T, Noe F, Riviere T, Marion V, Montoya R, Dupui P. Postural performance and strategy in the unipedal stance of soccer players at different levels of competition. J Athl Train

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Krzysztof Buśko, Jan Gajewski, Joanna Mazur-Różycka, Radosław Michalski and Patrycja Łach

. Trivic, D. Lukač, S. Obadov, Z. Milosevic (2009) Asymmetry of muscle strength in elite athletes. Biomed. Human Kinet ., 1: 3-5. 11. Forbes G. B. (1987) Human Body Composition: Growth, Aging, Nutrition and Activity. Springer-Verl., New York. 12. Gajewski J., K. Buśko, J. Mazur, R. Michalski (2011) Application of allometry for determination of strength profile in young female athletes from different sports. Biol. Sport , 28(4): 239-243. 13. Kabitsis C., A.M. Nevill (1992) Power output during arm cycling and its