experiment. Compos Part B-Eng. 105, 160-166. DOI: 10.1039/c5ra24642c.
14. Petchwattana, N., Covavisaruch, S. & Wibooranawong, S. (2016). Antimicrobial food packaging prepared from poly (butylene succinate) and zinc oxide. Measurement 93, 442-448. DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2016.07.048.
15. Kawakami, H., Yoshida, K., Nishida, Y., Kikuchi, Y. & Sato, Y. (2008). AntibacterialProperties of Metallic Elements for Alloying Evaluated with Application of JIS Z 2801:2000. ISIJ International 9, 1299-1304. DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational. 48
Lia M. Junie, Mihaela L. Vică, Mirel Glevitzky and Horea V. Matei
Alvarez-Suarez, J. M. , Tulipani, S., Daimy Díaz, D., Estevez, Y., Romandini, S., Giampieri, F., Damiani, E. , Astolfi, P., Bompadre, S., Battino, M. (2010). Antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of several monofloral Cuban honeys and their correlation with color, polyphenol content and other chemical compounds. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 2490-2499.
Anthimidou, E., & Mossialos, D. (2013). Antibacterial activity of Greek and Cypriot honeys against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in comparison
Zhi-Cai Yu, Jian-Fei Zhang, Ching-Wen Lou, Hua-Ling He, An-Pang Chen and Jia-Horng Lin
with water repellent and antimicrobial Agents. Fiber Polym, 8(3), 386-392.
18. Wang, X., Yin, Y.J., Wang, C.X. (2010). New approach to impart antibacterial effect and improve ink jet printing properties with modified SiO2 sols cationic biocides. Colloid Surf A-Physicochem Eng Asp, 361(1-3), 51-55.
19. Mukhopadhyay, A., Sharma, I.C., Mohanty, A. (2003). Impact of lycra filament on extension and recovery characteristics of cotton knitted fabric, Indian J Fibre Text Res, 28(4), 423-430.
Paulina Rokicka, Agata Markowska-Szczupak, Łukasz Kowalczyk, Ewa Kowalska and Antoni W. Morawski
., Janczarek, M., Endo, M., Markowska-Szczupak, A., Remita, H. & Ohtani, B. (2015). Silver-modified titania with enhanced photocatalytic and antimicrobial properties under UV and visible light irradiation. Cat. Today 252, 136–142. DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2014.10.038.
26. Sütterlin, S. (2015). Aspects of Bacterial Resistance to Silver. Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine 1084. Uppsala Universitet.
27. Cheng, C.L., Sun, D.S., Chu, W.C., Tseng, Y.H., Ho, H.C., Wang, J.B., Chung, P.H., Chen, J.H., Tsai, P.J., Lin, N.T., Yu, M.S. & Chang, H.H. (2009). The effects
Thirunavukkarasu Arunachalam, Muthukumaran Karpagasundaram and Nithya Rajarathinam
Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CONPs) were prepared using ultrasound assisted leaf extract of Prosopis juliflora acting as a reducing as well as stabilizing agent. The synthesized CONPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-Vis), particle size analyzer (PSA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). From the UV-Vis analysis, the optical band gap of the prepared CONPs (Eg = 3.62 eV) was slightly increased as compared to the bulk ceria (Eg = 3.19 eV). The phytochemicals in the extract reduced the particle size to 3.7 nm ± 0.3 nm, as it is evident from the PSA. FT-IR results confirmed the Ce-O stretching bands by showing the peaks at 452 cm-1. The Raman spectrumshowed a characteristic peak shift for CONPs at 461.2 cm-1. XRD analysis revealed the cubic fluorite structure of the synthesizednanoparticles with the lattice constant, a of 5.415 Å and unit cell volume, V of 158.813 Å3. XPS signals were used to determine the concentration of Ce3+ and Ce4+ in the prepared CONPs and it was found that major amount of cerium exist in the Ce4+ state. HRTEM images showed spherical shaped particles with an average size of 15 nm. Furthermore, the antibacterial activity of the prepared CONPs was evaluated and their efficacies were compared with the conventional antibiotics using disc diffusion assay against a set of Gram positive (G+) bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumonia) and Gram negative (G-) bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris). The results suggested that CONPs showed antibacterial activity with significant variations due to the differences in the membrane structure and cell wall composition among the two groups tested.
Mojtaba Aalipourmohammadi, Abolfazl Davodiroknabadi and Ali Nazari
). Fabrication of photochromic, hydrophobic, antibacterial, and ultraviolet-blocking cotton fabric using silica nanoparticles functionalized with a photochromic dye. Journal of the Textile Institute, 108(5), 856-863.
 Derakhshan, S. J., Karimi, L., Zohoori, S., Davodiroknabadi, A., Lessani, L. (2018). Antibacterial and self-cleaning properties of cotton fabric treated with TiO 2 /Pt. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 43(3), 344-351.
 Liu, L., Huang, Z., Pan, Y., Wang, X., Song, L., et al. (2018). Finishing of cotton fabrics by multi-layered coatings
24. Łopusiewicz Ł. Isolation, characterisation and biological activity of melanin from Exidia nigri-cans. WSN 2018; 91:111-129.
25. Łopusiewicz Ł. Scleroderma citrinum melanin: isolation, purification, spectroscopic studies with characterization of antioxidant, antibacterial and light barrier properties. WSN 2018; 94:114-129.
26. Solano F. Melanins: skin pigments and much more – types, structural models, biological functions, and formation routes. New J Sci 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/498276
27. Zhang M, Xiao G