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Review. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 18(2) 199-204. [4] Parvinzedeh M., Hajiraissi R. (2008). Effect of nano and micro emulsion silicone softeners on properties of polyester fibers. Tenside Surf. Det. 45(5), 254-257. [5] Pathiban M., Kumar M.R. (2007). Effect of fabric softener on thermal comfort of cotton and polyester fabrics. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 32, 446-452. [6] Montazer M., Hashemikia S. (2012). Application of polyurethane/citric acid/silicone softener composite on cotton/polyester knitted fabric producing durable soft and smooth


The following points were established by smoking experiments and screening tests using an inert gas phase with phenol for testing the adsorption capacity of filter materials. 1.Secondary cellulose acetate filters of commercial cigarettes exhibit an adsorption capacity for phenols from the smoke in the range of 60 to 72 per cent. Of this adsorptive capacity, approximately one half may be considered as specific adsorption of phenols as defined in text.2.Increased ''selective'' adsorption for phenols is obtained when polyethylene glycol is dusted on filter fibers of cellulose secondary acetate. When cellulose secondary acetate fiber is dusted with secondary acetate powder the removal of both phenol and particulate matter is increased significantly. 3.A cellulose triacetate with a grainy surface is superior to cellulose acetates with regular surfaces as a phenol adsorbing filter.4.Plasticizers improve phenol adsorption capacity. With the passage of time, diffusion and other yet undefined effects lessen their value. Suggestions have been made in terms of fiber structure and use of plasticizers which can lead to further improvement of filters in respect to phenol removal. It is possible to reduce the phenol in cigarette smoke up to 90 per cent through the use of selected filter fibers and plasticizers.5.The amounts of particulate matter and phenol released during the smoking of three equal (20 mm) sections of filter and non-filter cigarettes were determined in the mainstream smoke. When a filter cigarette is smoked down, increasing amounts of phenol are released from the tobacco and the ''selective'' adsorption of phenol by secondary cellulose acetate filter increases

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adsorption on mesoporous activated carbon fiber obtained from pitch containing yttrium complex. Carbon 37, 983-989. DOI: 10.1016/S0008-6223(98)00294-2. 27. Davini, P. (2001). SO2 and NOx adsorption properties of activated carbons obtained from a pitch containing iron derivatives. Carbon 39, 2173-2179. DOI: 10.1016/S0008- 6223(01)00035-5. 28. Nakagawa, K., Mukai, S.R., Suzuki, T. & Tamon, H. (2003). Gas adsorption on activated carbons from PET mixtures with a metal salt. Carbon 41 (2003) 823-831. DOI: 10.1016/ S0008-6223(02)00404-9. 29. Przepiórski, J., Karolczyk, J

adsorbents prepared from coffee industry waste materials. Adsorption 19, 521–528. DOI: 10.1007/s10450-013-9474-y. 9. Alcañiz-Monge, J. & Illán-Gómez, M.J. (2008). Modification of activated carbon porosity by pyrolysis under pressure of organic compounds. Adsorption 14, 93–100. DOI: 10.1007/s10450-007-9056-y. 10. Khalil, S.H., Aroua, M.K. & Wan Daud, W.M.A. (2012). Study on the improvement of the capacity of amine-impregnated commercial activated carbon beds for CO 2 adsorbing. Chem. Eng. J. 183, 15–20. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.12.011. 11. Skubiszewska-Zięba, J

References Cambridge Filter Japan, Ltd. (2009). Product information. Received May 16, 2009, from Liu, Z.-S. (2008). Adsorption of SO 2 and NO from incineration flue gas onto activated carbon fibers. Waste Manage. , 28, 2329-2335. DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.10.013. Aroua, M.K., Daud, W.M.A.A., Yin, C.Y. & Adinata, D. (2008). Adsorption capacities of carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen and methane on carbon molecular basket derived from polyethyleneimine impregnation on microporous palm shell

adsorption capacity and activity. Applied Surface Science 256 (2010) 6710-6716. 4. Li, P., Wang, Z., Yang, L., Zhao, S., Song, P., Khan, B.: A novel loose-NF membrane based on the phosphorylation and cross-linking of polyethyleneimine layer on porous PAN UF membranes. Journal of Membrane Science 555 (2018) 56-68. 5. Kausar, A., Ullah, W., Muhammad, B., Siddiq, M.: Novel mechanically stable, heat resistant and nonflammable functionalized polystyrene/expanded graphite nanocomposites. Advances in Materials Science 14 (2014) 61-74. 6. Tuli, S.K., Roy, A.L., Elgammal, R

Hazard Mater. 2002;90:189-204. [25] Yu MF, Hu XB, Yao JP, Zhu XY. Preparation of activated carbon from rice husk and its adsorption capacity of chromium in sewage. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Occidentalis Sinica. 2007;16:26-29. [26] Park HJ, Na CK. Preparation of anion exchanger by amination of acrylic acid grafted polypropylene nonwoven fiber and its ion-exchange property. J Colloid and Interface Sci. 2006;301:46-54.

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