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Vít Samohýl, Ivan Samohýl and Petr Voňka

References d'Ans-Lax (1967) Taschenbuch für Chemiker und Physiker, 3rd ed., Vol.1, Springer Berlin. de Groot SR, Mazur P (1962) Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, North-Holland, Amster-dam. Hou H, Holste JC, Hall KR, Marsh KN, Gammon BE (1996) J. Chem. Eng. Data 41:344. Müller I (1968) Arch.Rational Mech. Anal. 28: 1. Müller I (1985) Thermodynamics, Pitman, Boston. Partington JR (1949) An Advanced Treatise on

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Devesh Saxena, Surendra Sharma and Surinder Sambi

. American Oil Chemists' Society , 71(4), 417-421, DOI: 10.1007/BF02540523. Saxena, D. K., Sharma, S. K. & Sambi, S. S. (2011), Kinetics and Thermodynamics of cottonseed oil extraction., Grasas y Aceites , 62 (2), 198-205. DOI: 10.3989/gya.090210. Meziane, S., Kadi, H. & Lamrous, O. (2006). Kinetic study of oil extraction from olive foot cake. Grasas y Aceites , 57(2): 175-179. DOI:10.3989/gya.2006.v57.i2. Meziane, S. & Kadi, H., (2008). Kinetics and thermodynamics of oil extraction from olive

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Miroslav Grmela

REFERENCES 1. L. Euler, Principes généraux du mouvement des fluides, Académie Royale des Sciences et des Belles-Lettres de Berlin, Mémoires. , vol. 11, 1755 (English translation available in Physica D 237, 1825-1839, 2008). 2. C. Truesdell, Rational thermodynamics . New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2nd ed., 1984. 3. R. B. Bird, O. Hassager, R. C. Armstrong, and C. F. Curtiss, Dynamics of Polymeric Fluids , vol. 1. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1987. 4. R. B. Bird, O. Hassager, R. C. Armstrong, and C. F. Curtiss, Dynamics of Polymeric Fluids

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Aladunjoye A. Awoga, Akpan A. Ikot, Eno E. Ituen and Louis E. Akpabio

References [1] Awoga Oladunjoye A., Ikot Akpan N., Essiett Aniesua A. and Akpabio Louis E.: Thermodynamic properties of the harmonic oscillator and four level system . Appl. Phys. Rese. 3(2011)1. [2] Kelly James J.: Physics 603: Methods of Statistical Physics . (2002), www.physics.umd.edu/courses/phys603/kelly/. [3] Yoshioka D.: Statistical Physics . Springer, New York 2007. [4] Nash Leonard K.: Elements of Statistical Thermodynamics . Addison-Wesley, Massachusetts 1974

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Hatim Machrafi

. Jou, J. Casas-Vazquez, and G. Lebon, Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics . Springer-Verlag, 2010. 7. G. Lebon, H. Machrafi, M. Grmela, and C. Dubois, An extended thermodynamic model of transient heat conduction at sub-continuum scales, Proceedings of the Royal Society A , vol. 467, pp. 3241–3256, 2011. 8. C. Nan, R. Birringer, D. R. Clarke, and H. Gleiter, Effective thermal conductivity of particulate composites with interfacial thermal resistance, Journal of Applied Physics , vol. 81, pp. 6692–6699, 1997. 9. A. Minnich and G. Chen, Modified

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Zheshu Ma and Jieer Wu

References Novikov I.I.: The efficiency of atomic power stations . Journal of Nuclear Energy 2 (1957), 7, 125-128. Chambadal P.: Nuclear Power . Armand Colin, Paris 1957. Curzon F.L., Ahlborn B.: Efficiency of a Carnot engine at maximum power output . American Journal of Physics 43 (1975), 1, 22-24. Bejan A.: Entropy Generation Minimization . CRC Press, New York 1996. Chen L., Sun F.: Advances in Finite-time Thermodynamics

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Peter Urban, Peter Sabo and Jan Plesník

. J ørgensen , S.E., S virezhev , Y.M., 2004. Towards a thermodynamic theory for ecological systems . Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier. 366 p. J ørgensen , S.E., F ath , B.D., B astianovi , S., M arques , J.C., M üller , F., N ielsen , S.N., P atten , B., T iezzi , E., U lanowicz , R.E., 2007. A new ecology: systems perspective. Oxford, UK; Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier. 275 p. K ay , J. J., 2000. Ecosystems as self-organizing holarchic open systems: narratives and the second law of thermodynamics. In Jorgensen, S.E., Müller, F. (eds

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Rafał Ulańczyk, Czesław Kliś, Damian Absalon and Marek Ruman

[ Boehrer, Schultze 2008 ]. In addition to the seasonal changes in reservoir thermodynamics, shallow ones can stratify and destratify on a daily basis [ Branco, Torgersen 2009 ]. Analyses of hydrodynamics, thermodynamics and impacts on water quality and ecosystems can be supported by mathematical modelling. There is a variety of numerical models describing the physical processes affecting water mixing and heat transport or coupled hydrodynamic and water quality models. Jensen et al. (2015) reported over 1500 such tools based on a literature review. There are numerous

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Yun-Yu Chen

Abstract

As a kind of mass transfer process as well as the basis of separating and purifying mixtures, interfacial adsorption has been widely applied to fields like chemical industry, medical industry and purification engineering in recent years. Influencing factors of interfacial adsorption, in addition to the traditional temperature, intensity of pressure, amount of substance and concentration, also include external fields, such as magnetic field, electric field and electromagnetic field, etc. Starting from the point of thermodynamics and taking the Gibbs adsorption as the model, the combination of energy axiom and the first law of thermodynamics was applied to boundary phase, and thus the theoretical expression for the volume of interface absorption under electric field as well as the mathematical relationship between surface tension and electric field intensity was obtained. In addition, according to the obtained theoretical expression, the volume of interface absorption of ethanol solution under different electric field intensities and concentrations was calculated. Moreover, the mechanism of interfacial adsorption was described from the perspective of thermodynamics and the influence of electric field on interfacial adsorption was explained reasonably, aiming to further discuss the influence of thermodynamic mechanism of interfacial adsorption on purifying air-conditioning engineering under intensification of electric field.

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J. Jowsa and A. Cwudziński

Thermodynamics Analysis of Non-Metallic Inclusions Formation in the Liquid Steel Flow Through Continuous Casting Tundish

Experiments were conducted at industrial plant to determine the free and total oxygen contents in molten steel in the tundish during continuous casting blooms of sizes 280×280 mm. On the basis of industrial experiment results a thermodynamic evaluation of non metallic inclusion formation in liquid steel was performed. Software FactSage® with thermodynamic base packages were tested and applied to calculate equilibrium formation of oxides and sulphides. The results showed the effect of oxygen contents and temperature on the formation inclusion in liquid steel. Calculation results was presented in the form of suitable characteristics which were illustrated graphically.