Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing, ed: Springer, 2014, pp. 239-276.  Kilic, M. and Okur, A. (2011). The properties of cotton-Tencel and cotton-Promodal blended yarns spun in different spinning systems, Textile Research Journal, 81(2). 156-172.  Xijun, W.H.Y. (2007). Development of Tencel Fiber Pure Yarn and Tencel Blended yarn [J], Cotton Textile Technology, 10(p020.  Firgo, H., Suchomel, F. and Burrow, T. (2006). Tencel® high performance sportswear, Lenzinger Berichte, 85(44-50.  Shanmugasundaram, G.K.G.N.O. (2016
Abdul Basit, Wasif Latif, Munir Ashraf, Abdur Rehman, Kashif Iqbal, Hafiz Shahzad Maqsood, Abdul Jabbar and Sajjad Ahmad Baig
Kim Hyun Ah and Kim Seung Jin
] Hsieh, Y. L. (1995). Liquid transport in fabric structures. Textile Research Journal, 65(5), 299-307.  Ito, H., & Muraoka, Y. (1993). Water transport along textile fibers as measured by an electrical capacitance technique. Textile Research Journal, 63(7), 414-420.  Kawabata, S. (1980). The standardization and analysis of hand evaluation. The hand evaluation and standardization committee.  Kilic, G. B., & Sülar, V. (2012). Frictional properties of cotton-Tencel yarns spun in different spinning systems. Textile
Jinfeng Zhou, Lingjie Yu, Qian Ding and Rongwu Wang
Fibers are raw materials used for manufacturing yarns and fabrics, and their properties are closelyrelated to the performances of their derivatives. It is indispensable to implement fiber identification in analyzing textile raw materials. In this paper, seven common fibers, including cotton, tencel, wool, cashmere, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polylactic acid (PLA), and polypropylene (PP), were prepared . After analyzing the merits and demerits of the current methods used to identify fibers, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used owing to its significant superiorities, the foremost of which is it can capture the tiny information differences in chemical compositions and morphological features to display the characteristic spectral curve of each fiber . First, the fibers’ spectra were collected, and then, the relationships between the vibrations of characteristic chemical groups and the corresponding wavelengths were researched to organize a spectral information library that would be beneficial to achieve quick identification and classification. Finally, to achieve intelligent detection, pattern recognition approaches, including principal component analysis (PCA) (used to extract information of interest), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), and linear discrimination analysis (LDA) (defined using two classifiers), assisted in accomplishing fiber identification. The experimental results - obtained by combining PCA and SIMCA - displayed that five of seven target fibers, namely, cotton, tencel, PP, PLA, and PET, were distributed with 100% recognition rate and 100% rejection rate, but wool and cashmere fibers yielded confusing results and led to relatively low recognition rate because of the high proportion of similarities between these two fibers. Therefore, the six spectral bands of interest unique to wool and cashmere fibers were selected, and the absorbance intensities were imported into the classifier LDA, where wool and cashmere were group-distributed in two different regions with 100% recognition rate. Consequently, the seven target fibers were accurately and quickly distinguished by the NIR method to guide the fiber identification of textile materials.
Grażyna Bartkowiak, Iwona Frydrych, Agnieszka Komisarczyk and Agnieszka Greszta
The main purpose of this study is the selection of a proper fabric for the reference clothing for ergonomic tests of protective clothing. For research, seven fabric of different raw material content and different structure were chosen. We studied the handle of fabrics produced from blend of polyester/cotton and polyester/Tencel, which were designated by letters from A to G. The assessment of handle of the fabric was performed based on the mechanical properties of fabrics using Kawabata evaluation system (KES-system). It was proven that one of the tested fabrics (F) made of polyester and cotton fibers (85% PES / 15% cotton) with the reinforced twill weave is characterized by the highest total hand value (THV).The high THV results from the low value of koshi (stiffness) and the highest value of numeri (smoothness) and fukurami (fullness). However, in terms of physiological comfort, the lower value of fukurami is more preferred. It turned out that the fabric with the higher value of fukurami (including fabric F) is characterized by the lower air permeability and higher water vapor resistance. At the end, we decided that the reference clothing will be made of cotton/polyester fabric G with the lowest mass per square meter because of the very good physiological comfort parameters and the satisfactory sensorial comfort parameters.
Beti Rogina-Car, Sandra Flincec Grgac and Drago Katovic
This work investigates changes in the physicochemical properties of dry multiuse medical textiles used in surgery and as packaging material in sterilization after 0, 1, 10, 20, 30, and 50 washing and sterilization cycles in real hospital conditions of the Clinical-Hospital Centre in Zagreb. Scanning electronic microscope (SEM) was used to perform morphological characterization. Physicochemical characterization and the resulting changes in the medical textiles were monitored using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer. The change in the mass of the medical textiles as a results of temperature was determined by thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. Furthermore, structural characteristics based on the changes that resulted during the washing and sterilization processes are provided. The conclusion of the conducted research on the changes in the properties of multiuse medical textiles (Cotton/PES, Tencel®, and three-layer PES/PU/PES textile laminate) in real hospital conditions is that the medical textiles do manage to preserve properties after continuous use and it is safe to use them up to 50 washing and sterilization cycles.
Grażyna Bartkowiak, Iwona Frydrych and Agnieszka Greszta
The currently used methods of ergonomic assessment of protective clothing depend on the subjective feeling of research participants and don’t take into consideration all aspects of its use. Therefore, more amount of work is undertaken toward the development of new research tools for the ergonomic assessment of protective clothing. Research was carried out at the Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute in Lodz. A new methodology will take into consideration a variant of reference clothing, which is related to the results of ergonomics research of protective clothing. Preparation of the reference clothing initiated by picking the appropriate fabric is based on the results of parameters influencing the physiological comfort and sensorial comfort. In the current part, results of different fabric parameters are presented, which are related to physiological comfort, i.e., the thermal resistance, water vapor resistance, hygroscopicity, and air permeability. In the next part of research, we will focus on the parameters related to objective sensorial feelings, i.e., total hand value and its components. Seven fabrics, including six cotton/polyester fabrics, diverse in terms of constituent fiber content and structure parameters (weave, thread density per 1 dm, thread linear density, mass per square meter, thickness), and Tencel/polyester fabric were tested. The best in terms of thermal resistance, water vapor resistance, and air permeability was the cotton/polyester fabric (35% cotton/65% PES) with the smallest mass per square meter. This fabric also exhibits the high hygroscopicity of 7.5%, which puts it into the fourth position.
Kinga Brzoza-Malczewska, Magdalena Kucharska, Marzena Dymel, Beata Pałys and Anna Bacciarelli-Ulacha
.: Carbohydrate Polym. 20, 1993, 7 - 10.  Struszczyk H.: „Medical application of chitosan” Monography, Tampere, Finland, 1991 – 1992  Lou, Ching-Wen “Process technology and properties evaluation of a chitosan-coated Tencel/cotton nonwoven fabric as a wound dressing” Fibers and Polymers Volume: 9, Issue: 3, June 2008, pp. 286 – 292  Struszczyk MH, Ratajska M, Brzoza-Malczewska K. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe 2007; 15, 2(61): 105-109.  Struszczyk MH, Brzoza-Malczewska K, Szalczynska M. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe 2007; 15, 5
Asif Mangat, Lubos Hes and Vladimir Bajzik
parameters during marketing of functional garment and Apparels. Indian Journal of Fiber and Text. Research, 2008(33): p. 239-245.  Varga, K., Kljun, A., Noisternig, M. F. Ibbett, R.N., Gruber, J., Schlangen, J. Griesser, U.J., Schuster, K.C., Physiological investigation of resin-treated fabrics from tencel and other cellulosic fibres. Lenzinger Berichte, 2009. 87: p. 135-141.  Supuren, G., Oglakcioglu, N., Ozdil, N., Marmarali, A., Moisture management and thermal absorptivity properties of double-face knitted fabrics. Textile