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Adapting Structuration theory as a Comprehensive Theory for Distance Education: The ASTIDE Model

Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 13(4), 343-370. 6. Caspi, A., & Gorsky, P. (2006). Instructional dialogue: distance education students’ dialogic behavior. Studies in Higher Education, 31(6), 735-752. Routledge. 7. DeSanctis, G., & Poole, M. S. (1994). Capturing the complexity in advanced technology use: Adaptive structuration theory. Organisation Science, 5(2), 121-147. 8. Dillahunt, T., Wang, B., & Teasley, S. (2014). Democratizing higher education: Exploring MOOC use among those who cannot afford a formal education

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An Elementary Theory of Social Structure

, H. A. and D. Willer (2007) ‘Peer Endorsement: Legitimizing Collective Action and Countervailing Power’. Paper presented at that Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association. New York, NY. Weber, M. ([1918] 1968). Economy and Society. University of California Press: Berkeley. Willer, D. (1987) Theory and the Experimental Investigation of Social Structures. Gordon and Breach: New York. Willer, D. (1999) Network Exchange Theory. Praeger: Westport: CT. Willer, D. (2003) ‘Power-at-a-Distance’. Social Forces, 81(4): 1295

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Testing trade-off theory and pecking order theory under managerial overconfidence

1 Introduction Raising capital and decide on capital structure still seems to be puzzle. Still, much research has been devoted to investigating the issue, and there are theories that have been developed to try to explain company-financing behavior. There is especially a lot of research that tackles this by applying trade-off theory (TOT) and pecking order theory (POT) assumptions. The results, however, of extensive attempts leave us with no consistent answer. The lack of consensus on a theory that might explain financing decisions was a trigger to bring

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The change of organizational structure of higher education institutions in Hungary: a contingency theory analysis

:// Bess, James L. – Dee, Jay R. (2008). Understanding college and university organization: Theories for effective policy and practice . Sterling, Va.: Stylus. Boer, H. de - Jongbloed, B. - Enders, J. – File, J. (2010). Progress in higher education reform across Europe. Governance Reform. Volume 1: Executive Summary main report. Research Report. CHEPS, Twente. Boer, H. de – Leisyte, L. – Enders, J. (2006). The Netherlands. ‘Steering from a distance.’ In: Kehm, B. M. – Lannzendorf, U. (eds): Reforming University

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On the Realization Theory of Polynomial Matrices and the Algebraic Structure of Pure Generalized State Space Systems

, and duality in singular systems, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 29(12): 1076-1082. Conte, G. and Perdon, A. (1982). Generalized state space realizations of non-proper rational transfer functions, Systems and Control Letters 1(4): 270-276. Gantmacher, F. (1959). The Theory of Matrices , Chelsea Publishing Company, New York, NY. Karampetakis, N. (1993). Notions of Equivalence for Linear Time Invariant Multivariable Systems , Ph. D. thesis, Department of Mathematics, Aristotle

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The determinants of local public spending on culture

line with citizens’ preferences. I analysed the preference-matching using the information about the structure of local society. The median voter model suggests that when there are more citizens in a municipality that demand cultural services more, the spending on culture is higher. The second group of variables defines the financial condition of the municipality. The revenues of the municipality and also the fiscal imbalance indicator are included in this group. This indicator represents the differences in the real elasticity of local fiscal policy. The third group

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Dynamic Fiscal Solvency with Consumption and Capital Taxes

presented a number of arguments for differential taxation, we are still far from fully understanding what the main determinants of the direct to indirect tax mix are ( Martinez-Vazquez, Vulovic and Liu 2011 , 38). So far, however, the main focus of the literature has been put on the effects of the structures composed of labour and consumption taxes, and on a possibility to substitute one for another in order to increase welfare. Yet, to be efficient, an increase in the labour tax requires a low elasticity of labour income and remains unpopular for social and political

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Leasing Puzzle in Polish Small Firms Listed on the Alternative Market

limited access to external financing, companies invest less, do not use the leverage and grow slower ( Rajan and Zingales 1995 ). External financing also has its disadvantages. Often, the possibility to obtain financing in the form of debt requires establishing security or a warranty. When the company is in a weak or deteriorating financial situation, creditors require additional security. Trade-off theory ( Kraus and Litzenberger 1973 ), also known as the theory of substitution, envisages the optimal capital structure for every company when the marginal current value

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Regional dimension of firm level productivity determinants: the case of manufacturing and service firms in Ukraine

(1995) , Melitz (2003) , Asplund and Nocke (2006) , and Foster et al . (2008) . This finding has shaped research agendas in a number of fields, including industrial organization, labour economics, and international trade. In the industrial organization literature, productivity levels are linked to demand, market structure and a number of features of technology. The frequently cited examples include the effects of competition ( Syverson, 2004 a; and Schmitz, 2005 ), sunk costs ( Collard-Wexler, 2013 ), as well as the interaction of product market rivalry and

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Military Expenditures and Shadow Economy in the Central and Eastern Europe: is There a Link?

administration. Moreover, military-controlled land, hardware, testing grounds, transport vehicles, housing and training centres are large and provide further opportunities for corruption ( Gupta et al., 2001 ). In our model, even if we control for corruption, the coefficient of military expenditures remains significant. This means that there is also a direct link between military expenditures and shadow economy. The rest of the paper is structured as follows: In the next section, we discuss the data used in the model and methodology. Section 3 presents the results of the

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