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Vivi Yuskianti, Fa Xin Huang, Bian Xiang Zhang and Susumu Shiraishi

flanking regions of Zea mays sequence tagged simple sequence repeats. Molecular Breeding 11 : 111–120. B autista , R., R. C respillo , F. M. C anovas and M. G. C laros (2002): Identification of olive-tree cultivars with SCAR markers. Euphytica 129 : 33–41. B ekkaoui , F., B. M ann and B. S chroeder (2003): Application of DNA markers for the identification and management of hybrid poplar accessions. Agroforestry Systems 59 : 53–59. B randstatter , A., T. J. P arsons and W. P arson (2003): Rapid screening of mtDNA coding region SNPs for the

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D. Torres-Dini, A. C. P. Nunes, A. Aguiar, N. Nikichuk, C. Centurión, M. Cabrera, M. L. T. Moraes, M. D. V. Resende and A. M. Sebbenn

pattern information combinations for clonal discrimination in Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. using microsatellite markers. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 13:75–80. Silva-Junior OB, Faria DA, Grattapaglia D (2015) A flexible multi-species genome-wide 60K SNP chip developed from pooled resequencing of 240 Eucalyptus tree genomes across 12 species. New Phytologist 206(4):1527–1540. Available at http://doi:10.1111/nph.13322 Torres-Dini D, Bennadji Z, Cabrera M, et al (2011) Use of SSR-Tools for clone certification in Uruguayan Eucalyptus grandis and

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Anna Tereba, Agata Konecka and Justyna A. Nowakowska

characterization of SNPs useful for ID control and parentage testing in major European dairy breeds. Animal Genetics, 35, 44-49. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2052.2003.01071.x. Williams C., Williamson R., Coutelle C., Loeffler F., Smith J., Ivinson A. 1988. Same-day, first-trimester antenatal diagnosis for cystic fibrosis by gene amplification. Lancet, 2 (8602), 102-103. Williams J.G.K., Kubelik A.R., Livak K.J., Rafalski J.A., Tingey S.V. 1990. DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful as genetic markers. Nucleic Acids Research, 18 (22

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H. Schroeder and M. Fladung

hybridization between cultivated poplars and their wild relatives: evidence and consequences for native poplar populations. Ann For Sci 62: 601-613. XING, C., F. R. SCHUMACHER, G. XING, Q. Lu, T. WANG and R. C. ELSTON (2005): Comparison of microsatellites, single- nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and composite markers derived from SNPs in linkage analysis. BMC Genetics 6 (suppl. 1): S29. ZHANG, D. Q. and Z. Y. ZHANG (2005): Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) discovery and linkage disequilibrium (LD) in forest tress. For Stud China 7: 1

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D.P. Berry, N. McHugh, E. Wall, K. McDermott and A.C. O’Brien

useful to advance genetic gain through traditional quantitative genetic approaches. A balance must, however, be achieved between the cost of procuring a genotype and the accuracy of parentage assignment; both are likely affected by the number of genomic markers and how these markers are selected. Several studies have developed panels of SNPs for parentage verification and discovery in sheep (Clarke et al ., 2014; Heaton et al ., 2014). Clarke et al . (2014) documented the ability of a specifically chosen 84-SNP panel to assign a ram to 99% of the progeny in

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Matej Horvat, Uros Potocnik, Katja Repnik, Rajko Kavalar, Vesna Zadnik, Stojan Potrc and Borut Stabuc

practice. 16 , 17 Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are molecular factors that might be useful as prognostic markers in CRC. Preliminary genome wide association (GWA) study in non-caucasian population has indicated a role of SNPs in resectable CRC. 18 We hypothesized that SNPs participating in genetic risk for CRC and metastasis might prove as a prognostic factor in resectable CRC. In our study, we have selected SNPs with higher frequency in patients with either local lymph node involvement or systemic dissemination in genes participating in CRC carcinogenesis

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Tomas Z Ząbek, Paweł Czapla, Maciej Wnuk, Anna Lewińska, Bernadetta Oklejewicz, Grzegorz Bartosz and Ewa Słota

via the EM algorithm. J. Roy. Stat.. Soc. B Met., 39 (1): 1-38. Excoffier L. (2010). Arlequin suite ver 3.5: A new series of programs to perform population genetics analyses under Linux and Windows. Mol. Ecol. Resour., 10: 564-567. Excoffier L., Slatkin M. (1995). Maximum-likelihood estimation of molecular haplotype frequencies inadiploid population. Mol. Biol. Evol., 12: 921-927. Grzybowski G., Prusak B. (2004). Genetic variation in nine European cattle breeds as determined on the basis of microsatellite markers. III

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Andrzej Jakubczak, Magdalena Gryzińska, Beata Horecka, Kornel Kasperek, Katarzyna Dziadosz and Grażyna Jeżewska-Witkowska

References AquadroC.F., Bauer Du MontV., Reed F.A. (2001). Genome-wide variation in the human and fruitfly: a comparison. Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev., 11: 627-634. Aubry K.B., StathamM.J., Sacks B.N., PerrineJ.D., Wisely S.M. (2009). Phylogeography of the North American red fox: vicariance in Pleistocene forest refugia. Mol. Ecol., 18: 2668-2686. Brookes A.J. (1999). The essence of SNPs. Gene, 234: 177-186. Bugno - Poniewierska M., Sojecka A., Pawlina K., Jakubczak A., Jezewska - Witkowska G. (2012

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HY Ivanov, V Stoyanova, I Ivanov, A Linev, R Vazharova, S Ivanov, L Balabanski and D Toncheva

procedures. The SNP-array karyotyping was performed using microarray Illumina Human CytoSNP-12 (Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA, USA). The microchip contains a total of number of 301,232 SNP variants representative of the entire human genome. Genomic positions refer to the Human Genome February 2009 assembly (GRCh37/hg19). Cytogenetic analysis revealed a low-level mosaicism in blood and skin of the girl with a cell line carrying a small additional marker ring chromosome: mos47,XX,+mar[4]/46,XX[96] (lymphocytes) and mos47,XX,+mar[16]/46,XX [84] (skin fibroblasts). The mother

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Katarina Vitoševic, Danijela Todorovic, Zivana Slovic, Radica Zivkovic-Zaric and Milos Todorovic

. Brief Bioinform. 2007;8(2): 117-28. [DOI: 10.1093/bib/bbm006]. 3. Ziętkiewicz E, Witt M, Daca P et al. Current genetic methodologies in the identification of disaster victims and in forensic analysis. J Appl Genet. 2012;53(1): 41-60. [DOI: 10.1007/s13353-011-0068-7]. 4. Pontes ML, Fondevila M, Laréu MV, Medeiros R. SNP Markers as Additional Information to Resolve Complex Kinship Cases. Transfus Med Hemother. 2015;42(6): 385-388. [DOI: 10.1159/000440832]. 5. Decorte R, Cassiman JJ. Forensic medicine and the polymerase chain reaction technique. J Med