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Study of the time-dependent clear water scour around circular bridge piers

References Breusers, H.N.C., Nicollet, G., Shen, H.W., 1977. Local scour around cylindrical piers. Journal of Hydraulic Resources, 15, 3, 211-252. Chang, W.Y., Lai, J.S., Yen, C.L., 2004. Evolution of scour depth at circular bridge piers. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 130, 9, 905-913. Guney, M.S., Bombar, G., Aksoy, A.O., Dogan, M., 2013. Use of ultrasonic velocity profiler (UVP) to investigate the evolution of bed configuration. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 17, 5, 1-10. Hancu, S., 1971

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Impact of armour layer on the depth of scour hole around side-by-side bridge piers under ice-covered flow condition

REFERENCES Aguirre-Pe, J., Olivero, M.L., Moncada, A.T., 2003. Particle densimetric Froude number for estimating sediment transport. Journal Hydraul. Eng., 129, 6, 428–437. Breusers, H.N.C., Nicollet, G., Shen, H.W., 1977. Local scour around cylindrical piers. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 15, 3, 211–252. Bunte, K., Abt, S.R., 2001. Sampling surface and subsurface particle-size distributions in wadable gravel-and cobble-bed streams for analyses in sediment transport, hydraulics, and streambed monitoring. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-74. US

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The influence of sandy clay bed material to local scour behaviour

. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 31 p. 23–31. DOI 10.1515/jwld-2016-0033. B os M.G. 1978. Discharge measurement structure. Wageningen. International Institute of Land Reclamation and Improvement pp. 464. B reusers H., R audkivi A.J. 1991. Scouring. Rotterdam. A.A. Balkema. ISBN 90-6191-983-5 pp. 126. C hauduri S., D ebnath K. 2013. Observations on initiation of pier scour and equilibrium scour hole profiles in cohesive Sediments. ISH Journal of Hydarulic Engineering. Vol. 19 p. 27–37. D ebnath K., C hauduri S. 2012. Local scour

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Local scour around complex pier groups and combined piles at semi-integral bridge

bridge by using crushed concrete geobags as scour protection. In: Proceeding of the 6th International Conference on Scour and Erosion, 27-31 August, Paris, France. Ataie-Ashtiani, B., Beheshti, A., 2006. Experimental investigation of clear-water local scour at pile groups. J. Hydraul. Eng., 132, 10, 1100-1104. Ataie-Ashtiani, B., Baratian-Ghorghi, Z., Beheshti, A., 2010. Experimental investigation of clear-water local scour of compound piers. J. Hydraul. Eng., 136, 6, 343-351. Biddle, A.R., Iles, D.C., Yandzio, E., 1997

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An Investigation Concerning the Effect of Canal width Contraction that May be Needed in the Location of Constructing Some Irrigation Works

REFERENCES Abou-Seida, Mostafa, T. M. S., lsaeed, G.H., and Elzahry, E. F. M. (2009), “Experimental investigation of abutment scour in sandy soil”, J.Appl. Sci. Res. 5 (1), 57–65, Faculty of Engineering (Shoubra), Benha University, Egypt. Attia, M. I. and Ibrahim, A. A. (2000), “A study of the effect of channel contraction on turbulence characteristics using Laser Doppler Velocimetry”, Scientific Bulletin, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, Vol.35, No.2., pp. 169-182. Attia, M. I., and Alhomidan, A. (2013), “Effect of

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Prediction of Scour Depth Around Bridge Piers Using Evolutionary Neural Network

References [1] Laursen, E.M. and Toch, A. (1956). Scour around bridge piers and abutments , Iowa Road Res. Board, 4:60. [2] Shen H.W. (1971). River mechanics . New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 1971, 2: 23. [3] Hancu S (1971). Sur le calcul des affouillements locaux dams la zone des piles des ponts. Proc. 14th IAHR Congress. Paris, France, 3, 299-313. [4] Breusers H. N. C., Nicollet G. and Shen H. W. (1977). Local scour around cylindrical piers. J. Hydr. Res ., 15(3), 211-252. DOI: 10.1080/00221687709499645 [5] U. S. DoT (1992

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Approximation Of Scours Using Terrestrial 3D Laser Scanning

. Cao, Y., Bai, Y., Wang, J., Liao, S., Xu, D., 2015. Prediction of scour depth arround offshore pipelines in the South China Sea. In Journal of Marine Science and Application, Vol. 14, issue 1, pp 83-92. Craciun, E.G., 2014. Analysis of scour phenomenon around profiled piers placed in a stream. PhD. Theses , Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania. Craciun, E.G., Anton, A. 2013. Experimental and Numerical Evaluation of Local Scour around a Bridge Pier. In Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 1, issue 1, pp. 1

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Effect of canal width contraction on the hydraulic parameters and scour downstream water structures

References Alsamman O.M., 1989, Flow characteristics in channel with local contractions [Thesis], King Saud University, Faculty of Engineering, Riyadh, 98 pp. Attia M.I., 2000, Effect of contraction ratio and transition angle on the energy loss in horizontal open channel transitions, Proc. of the 5th International Water technology Conference (IWTC), 3–5 March 2000, Alexandria: 97–106. Attia M.I., Alhomidan A., 2013, Effect of free surface and Froude number on the protection length and turbulence in the compound transitions through bridges, Int

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The impact of bridge pier on ice jam evolution – an experimental study

, 3, 72–91. Industry standard of the People's Republic of China, 2004. JTG D60-2004: General Code for Design of Highway Bridges and Culverts. (In Chinese.) Jiang, H., 1994. Experimental study of local scour protection on bridge pier. Highway, 8, 1–8. (In Chinese.) Kennedy, R.J., 1962. The forces involved in pulpwood holding grounds. Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada. Ling, J., Lin, X., Zhao, H., 2007. Analysis of three-dimensional flow field and local scour of riverbed around cylindrical pier. Journal of Tongji University (Nature

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Turbulence intensity and spatial scales of turbulence after hydraulic jump over scour hole in rectangular channel

scour downstream of positive-step stilling basins. J. Hydraul Eng., 135, 10, 846-851. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000078. Oliveto, G., Comuniello, V., Bulbule, T., 2011. Timedependent local scour downstream of positive-step stilling basins. J. Hydraul Res., 49, 1, 105-112. DOI: 10.1080/00221686.2010.538593. Pagliara, S., Palermo, M., 2013. Rock grade control structures and stepped gabion weirs: Scour analysis and flow features. Acta Geophys., 61, 1, 126-150. DOI: 10.2478/s11600-012-0066-0. Pagliara, S., Lotti, I

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