Search Results

1 - 10 of 26 items :

Clear All
Conventional and Alternative Disinfection Methods of Legionella in Water Distribution Systems – Review

R eferences [1] G. Bitton, Microbiology of Drinking Water Production and Distribution . Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014. 298 p. [2] Y. W. Cheng, R. C. Y. Chan and P. K. Wong, “Disinfection of Legionella pneumophila by photocatalytic oxidation,” Water Research , vol. 41, issue 4, pp. 842–852, Feb. 2007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2006.11.033 [3] M. F. Dadjour, C. Ogino, S. Matsumura et al., “Disinfection of Legionella pneumophila by ultrasonic treatment with TiO 2 ,” Water Research , vol. 40, issue 6, pp. 1137–1142, 2006

Open access
Influence of Sampling Season and Sampling Protocol on Detection of Legionella Pneumophila Contamination in Hot Water / Paraugu Ņemšanas Sezonalitātes Un Paraugu Ņemšanas Metodes Ietekme Uz Legionella Pneumophila Kontaminācijas Noteikšanu Karstajš Ūdenī

References Anonymous (2007). Legionella and prevention of legionellosis. World Health Organization. Available at: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/emerging/legionella.pdf Anonymous (2013). Legionnaires` disease in Europe, 2013. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Available at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/legionnaires-disease-2015.pdf Ashbolt, N. J. (2015). Environmental (Saprozoic) pathogens of engineered water systems: Understanding their ecology for risk

Open access
Legionella Species in Year-Round vs. Seasonal Accommodation Water Supply Systems

References The World Health Organization (WHO). The World Health Report 1996 - Fighting Disease, Fostering Development. Geneva: WHO; 1996. Štambuk-Giljanović N. Water quality evalution by index in Dalmatia. Water Res 1998;33:3423-40. Bartram J, Chartier Y, Lee VJ, Pond K, Surmann-Lee S. Legionella and the Prevention of Legionellosis. Geneva: WHO; 2007. Mikrut A. Značaj nadzora nad legionelama u turizmu [Importance of Legionella surveillance in turism

Open access
Community Acquired Legionnaire’s Disease in a Kidney Transplant Patient

REFERENCES 1. Helbig JH, Bernander S, Castellani Pastoris M, et al. Pan-European study on culture-proven Legionnaires’ disease: Distribution of Legionella pneumophila serogroups and monoclonal subgroups. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002; 21(10): 710–6. 2. Gudiol C, Garcia-Vidal C, Fernández-Sabé N, et al. Clinical features and outcomes of Legionnaires’ disease in solid organ transplant recipients. Transpl Infect Dis. 2009; 11(1): 78–82. 3. Sivagnanam S, Podczervinski S, Butler-Wu SM, et al. Legionnaires’ disease in transplant recipients: A

Open access
in PRILOZI
New Solar Water Heating System: Safety, Design and Implementation Issues

. (Ed), Solar energy: The state of the art, James and James, London, UK, 2001, pp.223-289. [5] Observador (2018, Jan 11), http://observador.pt/2017/11/04/legionellacausou-12-mortos-e-mais-de-400-infetados-em-tres-anos-em-portugal/ [6] Instituto Português da Qualidade (2018, Jan 11), Prevenção e Controlo de Legionella nos Sistemas de Água. Available: http://www1.ipq.pt/PT/SPQ/ComissoesSectoriais/CS04/Documents/Brochura_Legionella_2014.pdf [7] RCCTE (2018, Jan 11), Regulamento das Características de Comportamento Térmico dos Edifícios, Decreto-Lei 80

Open access
The influence of shear stress on the adhesion capacity of Legionella pneumophila

References 1. Heng BH, Goh KT, Ng DL, Ling AE. Surveillance of legionellosis and Legionella bacteria in the built environment in Singapore. Ann Acad Med Singapore 1997;6:557-65. PMID: 9494658 2. Den Boer JW, Yzerman EPF, Schellekens J, Lettinga KD, Boshuizen, HC, Van Steenbergen JE, Bosman A, Van den Hof S, Van Vliet HA, Peeters MF, Van Ketel RJ, Speelman P, Kool JL, Van Spaendonck MAEC. A large outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease at a flower show, the Netherlands, 1999. Emerg Infect Dis 2002; 8:37-43. PMCID: PMC2730281

Open access
Sick boat syndrome

Abstract

Many pathogenic micro-organisms are likely to attack passengers of cruise ships and other vessels or travel between continents as a peculiar type of a “stowaway”. The epidemiological tests conducted since 1987 with regard to watercraft led to the coining of a term known as the Sick Boat Syndrome (SBS). The main illnesses encountered on watercraft include gastrointestinal diseases (foodborne) and Legionellosis. Additionally, the ventilation and airconditioning systems of old commercial ships (the so-called Tramps) constitute a real technical challenge. Conditioned air (with removed undesired odour and micro-organisms) should constitute ca. 25% of circulating air. In practice this situation is not typical for vessels of this class. Unclean air poses a real hazard for the crew.

Open access
Acute Respiratory Disease at a Chinese Military Recruitment Training Center: Three-Year Consecutive Investigation

Abstract

Background Military recruits are at a higher risk of acute respiratory disease (ARD) and the causative agents might change over time, which needs to be investigated.

Methods The nasopharyngeal swabs and blood samples were consecutively collected from conscripts for three years in a military training center. The real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR assays were conducted for 15 species of common respiratory pathogens; the serum anti-Legionella pneumophila antibodies were detected by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) assay, and serum anti-Microplasma pneumoniae antibodies, serum anti-influenza B virus and anti-influenza A virus-IgM and IgG were detected by ELISA.

Results The prevalences of ARD were 59.3% (108/182) in 2008, 23.3% (50/215) in 2009, and 19.6% (40/204) in 2010. Among the patients with ARD from 2008 to 2010, the influenza B virus infection accounted for 45.4%, 30.0% and 55.0%, and seasonal influenza A virus infection for 8.3%, 8.0% and 5.0%, respectively; the positive rates of serum anti-Legionella pneumophila and anti-Microplasma pneumoniae antibodies in recruits was lower than 10% each year respectively in the three years without diagnostic significance.

Conclusion The early appropriate diagnosis and treatment of ARD in military personnel will ensure the power strength of armed forces.

Open access
Legionnaires’ Disease and Use of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Αlpha Inhibitors: A Forthcoming Problem?

References 1. Fraser DW, Tsai TR, Orenstein W, Parkin WE, Beecham HJ, Sharrar RG et al. Legionnaires’ disease: description of an epidemic of pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 1977; 297:1189-1197. 2. Hilbi H, Jarraud S, Hartland E, Buchrieser C. Update on Legionnaires’ disease: pathogenesis, epidemiology, detection and control. Mol Microbiol. 2010; 76:1:1-11. 3. Newton HJ, Ang DK, van Driel IR, Hartland EL. Molecular Pathogenesis of Infections Caused by Legionella pneumophila. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2010; 23

Open access
Relationships between Free-Living Amoeba and their Intracellular Bacteria

., Shearer, C. A., Smirnow, A. V., Spiegel, F. W., Taylor, M. F. J. R. (2005). The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. , 52 , 399–451. Albert-Weissenberger, C., Cazalet, C., Buchrieser, C. (2007). Legionella pneumophila— a human pathogen that co-evolved with fresh water protozoa. Cell. Mol. Life Sci., 64 , 432–448. Anacarso, I., de Niederhausern, S., Messi, P., Guerrieri, E., Iseppi, R., Sabia, C., Bondi, M. (2012). Acanthamoeba polyphaga , a potential environmental vector for

Open access