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Karolina Marzec

W orks C ited Brown, John. In the Chair. Interviews with Poets from the North of Ireland . Cliffs of Moher: Salmon, 2002. Print. Brown, Terence. “Review of Freehold and Other Poems by John Hewitt; A Northern Spring by Frank Ormsby.” The Poetry Ireland Review 16 (1986): 79–81. Print. Clyde, Tom. “History Men.” The Irish Review 1 (1986): 113–16. Print. Ellis, Conleth. “Review: Wit and Crispness.” Books Ireland 106 (1986): 168–69. Print. Kendrick, Ian. “Review of A Northern Spring by Frank Ormsby.” The Linen Hall Review

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Piotr Szarota, Katarzyna Cantarero and David Matsumoto

Abstract

According to Wierzbicka (1999), one of the core values of Polish culture is sincerity and emotional frankness, in this study we tested this assumption analyzing display rules operating between friends. 100 respondents completed modified version of the Display Rule Assessment Inventory (Matsumoto, Yoo, Hirayama, & Petrova, 2005). Results show that Polish participants endorse more expression with close friends than with acquaintances and strangers. The obtained differences between those groups were quite large and similar to a pattern typical for collectivistic cultures. On the other hand, we reported high level of overall expressivity, typical of individualism. Such a high expressivity was found for all studied emotions, but pride, which is consistent with previous research on self-presentational modesty in Polish culture (e.g. Dabul, Wosińska, Cialdini, Mandal, & Dion, 1997).

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Jürg Gassmann

, Formulae Merowingici et Karolini aevi (Hanover: Hahn, 1886), 421-422 Vita Hludowici Imperatoris [mid 9 th C], in: Ernst Tremp (Ed.), MGH – SS rer. Germ. 64 (Hanover: Hahn, 1995), 53-153 VI.2. Secondary sources Abels, Richard, Stephen Morillo, ‘A Lying Legacy? A Preliminary Discussion of Images of Antiquity and Altered Reality in Medieval Military History’, in: Journal of Medieval Military History , Vol. 3 (2005), 1-13 Arloth, Jana, ‘Pferde im Karolingerreich: Das Reiterkönigtum Karls des Großen’, in: Frank Jacob (Ed.), Pferde in der Geschichte

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Frank Morgan

preserving flow and the isoperimetric problem in warped product spaces. arxiv:1609.08238, 2016. [5] Sean Howe. The log-convex density conjecture and vertical surface area in warped products. Adv. Geom., 15(4):455–468, 2015. [6] Frank Morgan. The log-convex density conjecture. Frank Morgan’s blog. [7] Frank Morgan, Michael Hutchings, and Hugh Howards. The isoperimetric problem on surfaces of revolution of decreasing Gauss curvature. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 352(11):4889–4909, 2000. [8] Frank Morgan and David L. Johnson. Some sharp isoperimetric theorems for Riemannian

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Daniel Frank

. Echo 2/2010. [5] Chvojkova, L., Vaňova, J., Vavřikova, L.: The administrative, legal and fi nacial management in the 7th Framework Programme. SLON 2011. [6] Albrecht, V., Frank, D., Vavřikova, L.: Učast ČR v 7. ramcovem programu vyzkumu a vyvoje EU a v programu Euratom v obdobi leden 2007 - červen 2011. Echo 4 - 5/2011. [7] European Commission: Impact Assessment of the Participation of SMEs in the Themes of FP5 and FP6 2009 (2010). [8] Ministerstvo pro mistni rozvoj, Male a středni

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Matthias Frank

.M., Baan J. (2001), Spa- tial fluctuations in measures for spaciousness , The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 110 , 2, 947-954. 11. Frank M., Sontacchi A. (2012), Performance re- view of an expert listening panel , [in:] Fortschritte der Akustik, DAGA, Darmstadt. 12. Frank M., Sontacchi A., Höldrich R. (2010), Training and guidance tool for listening panels , [in:] Fortschritte der Akustik, DAGA, Berlin. 13. Frank M., Marentakis G., Sontacchi A. (2011), A simple technical measure for the perceived source

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Uwe Will, Frank Fueldner, Anne-Kathrin Mueller and Frank Meyer

A Prospective Study on Endoscopic Ultrasonography Criteria to Guide Management in Upper GI Submucosal Tumors

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can differentiate between impression and submucosal tumor (SMT) but it is not known whether EUS criteria can reliably guide management.

The aim of this prospective study was to assess an approach to recommend removal versus follow-up investigation based on clinical and EUS criteria, with respect to the predictive values to recognize malignancy versus benign lesions.

Material and methods. Over a 7-years time period, all patients referred for the EUS assessment of submucosal upper GI lesions were prospectively enrolled. Extraluminal impressions diagnosed with EUS were not further considered. If submucosal tumors seen with EUS were clearly symptomatic or one of several parameters (tumor size >3 cm, irregular margins, inhomogeneous echotexture and/or enlarged lymph nodes) were found, resection was recommended. The remaining cases were subjected to EUS follow-up.

Results. Of cases with 241 submucosal lesions, 65 had impressions and 176 had true submucosal lesions. Of the latter, 29 cases had non-neoplastic lesions (cysts, varices). In 59 cases, removal was deemed necessary due to clinical symptoms and suspicious findings in conventional endoscopy. These subjects underwent either surgical (originating layer, muscularis propria) or endoscopic resection (submucosal origin): 35.6% were malignant, more frequently in the surgical group (41.6% vs 20%). However, in 52.5% (n=31) of the 59 cases with no severe symptoms and true SMT, EUS suggested removal because of their additional criteria. Eighteen patients (12.2%) refused SMT removal and even regular EUS-based follow-up investigation. Clinical follow-up investigation by the family practitioner did not show frank malignancy in these cases (retransferal not registered). Follow-up investigation with EUS was recommended in 70 cases (mean follow-up period, 5 years; range, 1-7 years). The pattern remained unchanged in 67/70, and 2 of the 3 cases with changes underwent surgery for benign leiomyoma (patient refusal, n=1 with no change in the one-year follow-up MRI).

Conclusions. An EUS strategy based on defined characteristics to remove SMT with no severe symptoms and suspicious finding in the conventional endoscopy shows a good adherence to the recommended approach and has a reasonable positive predictive value for malignancy (88%). Clinical symptoms alone or with endoscopic finding are frequently too vague to decide for a reasonable SMT resection. The chosen EUS criteria are valuable to: 1) achieve the primary resection of all potentially malignant SMT and 2) avoid to overlook them as shown by the results of the follow-up investigations with no detected malignant lesion.

Open access

Frank Vibeke Asmussen and Torsten Kolind

References Carlen, P. (2005): Imprisonment and the penal body politics: The cancer of disciplinary governance. In: Liebling, A. & Maruna, S. (eds.): The effects of imprisonment. Devon: Willan Publishing EMCDDA (2010): Annual report 2010. The state of the drugs problem in Europe. Luxembourg: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction Frank, V.A. (2008): Danish drug policy: Shifting from liberalism to repression. Drugs and Alcohol Today 8 (2): 26-33 Garland, D. (2001): The

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Zdeněk Kučera, Tomáš Vondrák and Daniel Frank

://ec.europa.eu/invest-in-research/pdf/ download_en/report_international.pdf [6] Exploring synergies through coordinating policy measures between the EU Member States, Associated Countries and the European Commission. An element of the’New Partnership’ for ERA governance. Summary of discussions and recommendations. CREST OMC Working Group, European Communities 2009. http://ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/pdf/crest.pdf [7] Frank, D.: Current participation of third countries in FP7 (Dosavadni učast třetich zemi v 7. RP). Echo 4-5, pg. 9 (2011).

Open access

Zdeněk Kučera, Tomáš Vondrák and Daniel Frank

://ec.europa.eu/invest-in-research/pdf/ download_en/report_international.pdf [6] Exploring synergies through coordinating policy measures between the EU Member States, Associated Countries and the European Commission. An element of the’New Partnership’ for ERA governance. Summary of discussions and recommendations. CREST OMC Working Group, European Communities 2009. http://ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/pdf/crest.pdf [7] Frank, D.: Dosavadni učast třetich zemi v 7. RP. Echo 4 - 5, str. 9 (2011).