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Vitaliy Коlomiychuk and Denys Vynokurov
Salza Todorova and Rossen Tzonev
relationships to EUNIS habitats. Landbouw, natuurbeheer en visserij, Wageningen: 168 pp. Royer, J. M. 1991: Synthèse eurosibérienne, phytosociologique & phytogéographique de la classe des Festuco-Brometea. Dissertaciones Botanicae 178, Verlag J. Cramer, Berlin-Stuttgart: 296 pp. Sopotlieva, D. 2009: The high-rank syntaxa of semi-natural grasslands in Straldzha-Aytos phytogeographic region. In: Ivanova, D. (ed.): Proceedings of IV Balkan Botanical Congress, 20-26 June 2006, Sofia: pp. 303
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Bruno Foggi, Lorenzo Lastrucci, Matilde Gennai and Daniele Viciani
pelouses seches des substrats marneux- arenaces de l’Apennin septentrional (Italie). Documents Phytosociologiques, N.S., 9: 351−357.Camerino. Biondi, E., Ballelli, S., Allegrezza, M., Guitian, J. & Taffetani, F. 1986: Centaureo bracteatae-Brometum erecti ass. nova dei settori marnoso-arenacei dell’Appennino centrale. Documents Phytosociologiques, N.S., 10 (2): 117−126.Camerino. Biondi, E. & Galdenzi, D. 2012: Phytosociological analysis of the grasslands of Montagna dei Fiori (central Italy) and syntaxonomic review of the class Festuco-Brometea
Chrisoula B. Pirini, Ioannis Tsiripidis and Erwin Bergmeier
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Desislava Sopotlieva and Iva Apostolova
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The state of knowledge of Macromycetes in xerothermic grasslands in Poland
The short history of research on and the current state of knowledge of macromycetes occurring in xerothermic swards of the class Festuco-Brometea in Poland over the last 50 years are presented. Mycological investigations in most communities, e.g. Sisymbrio-Stipetum capillatae and Thalictro-Salvietum pratensis have been carried out rather occasionally and the information concerning steppe fungi has been reported in few papers only. Regular mycological studies have been conducted in five plant associations only: Festucetum pallentis, Origano-Brachypodietum, Koelerio-Festucetum rupicolae, Potentillo-Stipetum capillatae and Adonido-Brachypodietum pinnati.
The list of species of fungi recorded in xerothermic swards in Poland is not long and comprises approximately 40 species. Some are very rare and put on the red-list as threatened macrofungi in Poland (36), e.g. Calvatia candida, Disciseda bovista, D. candida, Gastrosporium simplex, Geastrum minimum, G. schmidelli, Leucopaxillus lepistoides, Montagnea radiosa, Myriostoma coliforme, Polyporus rhizophilus and Tulostoma melanocyclum.
The mycological profile of xerothermic swards in Poland has been under-explored. Further investigations on macrofungi occurring in steppe swards, their distribution and ecology as well as threats resulting from the disappearance of this type of plant communities in Poland are necessary.
Tomasz Szygendowski and Andrzej Brzeg
In this paper, changes of the non-forest xerothermic vegetation of the “Murawy Dobromierskie” steppe reserve which occurred in the period 1993-2012 are examined. The material comprises 50 relevés, of which 43 date from 2012 and the other 7 - from 1993. Reléves were arranged in 5 analytic tables. A synoptic table was also compiled, and for each syntaxonomical species group distinguished, values of the cover coefficient (C), the collective group share index (G), and the systematic group value (D) were estimated and compared. On the basis of the obtained results, a significant decline in abundancy and/or constancy was observed within the following groups: Ch. Artemisietea vulgaris, Ch. Cirsio-Brachypodion pinnati, Ch. Festuco-Brometea, Ch. Geranion sanguinei, Ch. Koelerio-Corynephoretea, and Ch. Origanetalia and Trifolio-Geranietea sanguinei, whereas for the taxa of the Rhamno-Prunetea, a notable increase in the share of the reserve vegetation was recorded. A sizeable expansion of the moss layer was also observed in this period. The results are discussed with special regard to differences in the methodical background of both field studies.
Agnieszka Sutkowska, Andrzej Pasierbiński, Tomasz Warzecha, Abul Mandal and Józef Mitka
We studied the thermophilous grass Bromus erectus in Central Europe to determine its pattern of population genetic structure and genetic diversity, using ISSR-PCR fingerprinting to analyze 200 individuals from 37 populations. We found three genetic groups with a clear geographic structure, based on a Bayesian approach. The first group occurred west and south of the Alps, the second east and north of the Alps, and the third was formed by four genetically depauperated populations in Germany. The populations from Germany formed a subset of the Bohemian-Moravian populations, with one private allele. Two differentiation centers, one in the Atlantic- Mediterranean and the second in the Pannonian-Balkan area, were recognized by species distribution modeling. The geographic distribution of the genetic groups coincides with the syntaxonomic split of the Festuco-Brometea class into the Festucetalia valesiaceae and Brometalia erecti orders. We found a statistically significant decrease in mean ISSR bands per individual from south to north, and to a lesser extent from the east to west. The former was explained by Holocene long-distance migrations from southern refugia, the latter by the difference in the gradient of anthropopression. We hypothesize a cryptic northern shelter of the species in Central Europe in the putative Moravian-Bohemian refugium.
Iva Apostolova, Jürgen Dengler, Romeo Di Pietro, Rosario G Gavilán and Ioannis Tsiripidis
belonging to Brometalia erecti, and an analysis of their relationships with the xerophilous vegetation of Rosmarinetea officinalis (Italy).Phytocoenologia 35: 129-164. Biondi, E. & Galdenzi, D. 2012: Phytosociological analysis of the grasslands of Montagna dei Fiori (central Italy) and syntaxonomic review of the class Festuco-Brometea in the Apennines.Plant Sociology 49: 91-112. Blasi, C., Di Pietro, R. & Fortini, P., 2000: A phytosociological analysis of abandoned terraced olive grove shrublands in the Tyrrhenian district of Central Italy. Plant Biosystems 134: 305