Literature Albæk, Erik, Peter Munk Christiansen & Lise Togeby (2001) Eksperter i medierne: Dagspressens brug af forskere 1961-2001 . Magtudredningen. Århus: Aarhus University Press. Albæk, Erik, Peter Munk Christiansen & Lise Togeby (2003) ‘Experts in the Mass Media: Researchers as Sources in Danish Daily Newspapers, 1961-2001’, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly , Vol. 80, No. 4, pp. 937-948. Albæk, Erik (2011) ‘The Interaction Between Experts and Journalists in News Journalism’. Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism, Vol. 12
Process or Substance?
Erik Albæk, Christian Elmelund-Præstekær, David Nicolas Hopmann and Robert Klemmensen
://doi.org/10.1016/0888-613X(93)90011-2  J. Ramík and P. Korviny, “Inconsistency of pair-wise comparison matrix with fuzzy elements based on geometric mean,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 161, iss. 11, pp. 1604-1613, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fss.2009.10.011  E. Abbasi, M. Ebrahim Shiri, and M. Ghatee, “Root-quatric mixture of experts for complex classification problems,” Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 53, pp. 192-203, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2016.01.040  S. R. Kheradpisheh, F. Sharifizadeh
Vadim V. Romanuke
R eferences  T. Frantti and M. Majanen, “An expert system for real-time traffic management in wireless local area networks,” Expert Systems with Applicat. , vol. 41, issue 10, pp. 4996–5008, Aug. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2014.01.024  J. Protasiewicz, W. Pedrycz, M. Kozłowski, S. Dadas, T. Stanisławek, A. Kopacz and M. Gałężewska, “A recommender system of reviewers and experts in reviewing problems,” Knowledge-Based Systems , vol. 106, pp. 164–178, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knosys.2016.05.041  Y. Zhou, N. Fenton and
At the present stage of Ukrainian society development there is a requirement for studying and the analysis of the maintenance of experts’ preparation in social, socially pedagogical sphere in foreign countries. Therefore the great value has research of experience in theoretical and practical preparation of the future socionomic experts in the universities of Germany and Austria.
In the article the formation of socionomic future experts’ conflictological culture and teaching features of social-pedagogically directed disciplines in high schools of Germany and Austria have been considered. The analysis of the scientific and pedagogical literature devoted to studying separate aspects of socionomic experts’ conflictological culture formation has been carried out. The standard-legal maintenance of future social teachers’ vocational training in high schools of Germany and Austria, in particular, features of curricula, their substantial filling, and also training specificity have been investigated. Presence of the conflictological component in the frame of future socionomic experts’ preparation has been designated, that allows students to raise efficiency of professional work in the future.
Improvement of the programs and subject content able to open peculiarities of future socionomic experts’ psychological pedagogical and conflictological preparation in Germany and Austria will promote formation of the modern competitive expert with a high level of conflictological culture.
The aim of this research is to answer the question how the American think tank experts on the Middle East and US foreign policy towards the Middle East perceive the region and its construction, with a particular focus on the process of Othering. In order to achieve this aim, the article presents the theoretical explanations of the Othering. In the empirical part, the results of semi-structured interviews with the experts are analyzed and presented. The interviews revealed three angles of how the Middle East is perceived. These angles are the geographical location of the Middle East, the securitization of the Middle East and the universal superiority of the United States. The main finding of the research is that the perception of the Middle East is connected with the self perception or the question of “What is the United States of America?”
The Author endeavored to consult some of the Polish experts who deal with assessing and preventing outburst hazards as to their knowledge and experience. On the basis of this knowledge, an expert system, based on fuzzy logic, was created. The system allows automatic assessment of outburst hazard. The work was completed in two stages. The first stage involved researching relevant sources and rules concerning outburst hazard, and, subsequently, determining a number of parameters measured or observed in the mining industry that are potentially connected with the outburst phenomenon and can be useful when estimating outburst hazard. Then, the Author contacted selected experts who are actively involved in preventing outburst hazard, both in the industry and science field. The experts were anonymously surveyed, which made it possible to select the parameters which are the most essential in assessing outburst hazard. The second stage involved gaining knowledge from the experts by means of a questionnaire-interview. Subjective opinions on estimating outburst hazard on the basis of the parameters selected during the first stage were then systematized using the structures typical of the expert system based on fuzzy logic.
Thomas Heinen, Damian Jeraj, Pia Vinken and Konstantinos Velentzas
Rotational Preference in Gymnastics
In gymnastics, most skills incorporate rotations about one or more body axes. At present, the question remains open if factors such as lateral preference and/or vestibulo-spinal asymmetry are related to gymnast's rotational preference. Therefore, we sought to explore relationships in gymnast's rotation direction between different gymnastic skills. Furthermore, we sought to explore relationships between rotational preference, lateral preference, and vestibulo-spinal asymmetry. In the experiment n = 30 non-experts, n = 30 near-experts and n = 30 experts completed a rotational preference questionnaire, a lateral preference inventory, and the Unterberger-Fukuda Stepping Test. The results revealed, that near-experts and experts more often rotate rightward in the straight jump with a full turn when rotating leftward in the round-off and vice versa. The same relationship was found for experts when relating the rotation preference in the handstand with a full turn to the rotation preference in the straight jump with a full turn. Lateral preference was positively related to rotational preference in non-expert gymnasts, and vestibulo-spinal asymmetry was positively related to rotational preference in experts. We suggest, that gymnasts should explore their individual rotational preference by systematically practicing different skills with a different rotation direction, bearing in mind that a clearly developed structure in rotational preference between different skills may be appropriate to develop more complex skills in gymnastics.
H. Qin, J. Xiao, X. Gao and H. Wang
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References 1. Chi, M. T. H. Two Approaches to the Study of Experts’ Characteristic, In K. A. Ericsson, N. Charness, P. J. Feltovich, R. R. Hoffmann (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 21-30. 2. Cianciolo, A. T., C. Matthew, R. S. Sternberg, R. K. Wagner. Tacit Knowledge, Practical Intelligence, and Expertise, In K. A. Ericsson, N. Charness, P. J. Feltovich, R. R. Hoffmann (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance, Cambridge