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Hossein Banifatemeh, Rob Shields, Fatemeh Golabi, Fardin Ghoreishi and Farhad Bayani

References Archer, M., 1979. Social Origins of Educational Systems . London: Sage. Archer, M., 1995. Realist Social Theory: the Morphogenetic Approach . Cambridge University Press. Archer, M., 1996. Culture and Agency: The Place of Culture in Social Theory , Revised edition. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press. Archer, M., 2012. The Reflexive Imperative in Late Modernity . Cambridge; Cambridge University Press. Archer, M., Bhaskar, R., Collier, A., Lawson, T. & Norrie, A., 1998. Critical Realism: Essential Readings , eds

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Hans-Jürgen P. Walter

Summary

The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology (Gestalt theory) and Nicolai Hartmann’s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology – purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones – connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.

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Rob Ranyard

References Archer, M. (1998). Introduction: realism in the social sciences. In Archer, M., Bhaskar, R., Collier, A., Lawson, T., & Norrie, A. (1998). Critical Realism: Essential Readings. London: Routledge. Archer, M., Bhaskar, R., Collier, A., Lawson, T., & Norrie, A. (1998). Critical Realism: Essential Readings. London: Routledge. Bettman, J. R., Luce, M. F. & Payne, J. W. (1998). Constructive consumer choice processes. Journal of Consumer Research, 25(3), 187-217. Birnbaum, M. H., & Bahra, J

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Rethinking the Rethinking

The Problem of Generality in Qualitative Media Audience Research

Göran Eriksson

, A. (1994) Critical Realism - An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar’s Philosophy. London: Verso. Danermark, B. Ekström, M. Jakobsen, L. and Karlsson, J.C. (2002) Explaining Society - Critical Realism in the Social Science. London: Routledge. Drotner, K. (2000) ‘Less is More: Media Ethnography and Its Limits’, In: Hagen, I. and Wasko, J., Consuming Audiences? Production and Reception in Media Research. Cresshill: Hampton Press. Glaser, B. and Strauss, A. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative

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Hans-Jürgen P. Walter

Abstract

The author exemplifies the congruency of essential foundations between the critical realism of the Berlin School of Gestalt Psychology (Gestalt theory) and Nicolai Hartmann`s Critical Ontology. For instance, this congruency manifests in the importance given to critical-realistic epistemology - purified from idealistic prejudices, not least prejudices such as production-theoretical ones - connected with an unconditional phenomenology. Altogether, it results in a shared critical distance from scholars of Brentano, such as Husserl and Meinong, as well as from Neo-Kantianism.

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Michael Hattaway

Abstract

Performance studies must enjoy parity of esteem with critical studies because they remind us of the plurality of “readings” that are generated by a Shakespearean text. Shakespeare seems to have apprehended this when, in Othello, he used a nonce-word, “denotement”, which applies to Othello’s reading of his wife in his mind’s eye. I examine other sequences in which we watch a character “reading” on-stage or imagined action, in Hamlet, Titus Andronicus, Cymbeline, Richard II, and Troilus and Cressida. In Hamlet this involves re-reading as well as generic displacement, which, I argue, is a way of rendering inwardness. As I test case, I analyse a production of King Lear by Shakespeare’s Globe, on a fairground stage, in which the king reshaped himself, became a folkloric figure, like a figure in Nashe’s Summer’s Last Will and Testament. The play itself was thus, indecorously, reshaped as “The Tale of King Lear”. “Dramatic truth”, therefore, in no way depends upon theatrical “realism”.

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Takuya Niikawa

nothing: the implications of transparency. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79(3): 574-604. Logue, Heather. 2010. Getting acquainted with naïve realism: critical notice of Perception, Hallucination, and Illusion. Philosophical Books 51(1): 22-38. Logue, Heather. 2012a. What should the naïve realist say about total hallucinations? Philosophical Perspectives 26(1): 173-199. Logue, Heather. 2012b. Why naive realism? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 112(2pt2): 211-237. Martin, Michael G. F. 2002

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Marian David

Abstract

According to metaphysical realism, we would have to compare our thought with mind-independent reality, if we want to gain knowledge about the world. Such a comparison is impossible. Yet we can gain knowledge about the world. So metaphysical realism is false. — I take this to be the historically most influential argumentative line opposing metaphysical realism. The paper develops this argument, the Main Anti-Realist Argument, in more detail and offers a brief critical discussion of its crucial assumptions.

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Piotr Majewski

Liryka przedmiotowości. "Krytyka poetów" wobec malarstwa Jana Tarasina