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Jiajia Peng, Gaoming Jiang and Honglian Cong

Graphics 2003,22(3):587-94. [5] Seo H; Magnenat-Thalmann N; An automatic modeling of human bodies from sizing parameters; Symposium on Interactive 3d Graphics 2003. [6] Seo H; Magnenat-Thalmann N;An example-based approach to human body manipulation. Graphical Models 2004,66(1):1-23. [7] Hilton A; Beresford D; Gentils T; Smith R; Sun W; Virtual People: Capturing Human Models to Populate Virtual Worlds. Computer Animation, 1999 Proceedings 1999. [8] Lee WS;Gu J; Magnenatthalmann N; Generating Animatable 3D Virtual Humans from Photographs; Computer

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Sylvie Carles, M. S. Lamhamedi, J. Beaulieu, D. C. Stowe, F. Colas and H. A. Margolis

and other empirically derived curves. Ann. Bot. 61: 127-138. CARON, G. E., B. S. P. WANG and H. O. SCHOOLEY (1993): Variation in Picea glauca seed germination associated with the year of cone collection. Can. J. For. Res 23: 1306-1313. CASTRO, J. (1999): Seed mass versus seedling performance in Scots pine: a maternally dependent trait. New Phyt. 144: 153-161. CHAISURISRI, K., D. G. W. EDWARDS and Y. A. EL-KASSABY (1992): Genetic control of seed size and germination in Sitka spruce. Silvae Genet. 41(6): 348

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Namdeo Jadhav, Atmaram Pawar and Anant Paradkar

-133; DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2007.09.033. H.A. Garekani, J.L. Ford, M.H. Rubinstein and A.R. Rajabi-Siahboomi, Effect of compression force, compression speed and particle size on the compression properties of paracetamol, Drug Dev. Ind. Pharm.   27 (2001) 935-942; DOI: 10.1081/DDC-100107674. E. Shotton and D. Ganderton, The strength of compressed tablets III. The relation of particle size, bonding and capping in tablets of sodium chloride, aspirin and hexamine, J. Pharm. Pharmacol.   13 (1961) 144

Open access

Zs. H. Horváth and A. Véha


Nowadays, wheat has spread all over the world due to its extensive usability. The colour of wheat grits is very important for the milling and baking industry because it determines the colour of the products made from it. The instrumental colour measuring is used, first of all, for durum wheat. We investigated the relationship between colour characteristics and grain size in the case of different hard aestivum wheats. We determined the colour using the CIE (Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage) 1976 L*, a*, b* colour system measured by MINOLTA CR-300 tristimulus colorimeter. After screening the colour of the wheat fractions of different grain size, grits was measured wet and dry. We determined the L*, a*, b* colour co-ordinates and the whiteness index, too. To evaluate the values we had obtained, we used analysis of variance and regression analysis. We pointed out that the colour of wheat grits of different grain size is dependent on the hardness index of wheat. The lightness co-ordinate (L*) of grits of the harder wheat is smaller, while a* and b* co-ordinates are higher. We also found that while grain size rises, the L* co-ordinate decreases and a*, b* values increase in the case of every type of wheat. The colour of grits is determined by the colour of fractions of 250-400 μm in size, independently from the average grain size. The whiteness index and the L* colour co-ordinate have a linear relation (R2 = 0.9151); so, the determination of whiteness index is not necessary. The L* value right characterizes the whiteness of grits.

Open access

Piotr Sęk, Janusz Piekarski, Robert Kubiak, Wiesław Szymczak, Dariusz Nejc, Piotr Pluta, Adam Bilski and Arkadiusz Jeziorski

Tumor Size and Pathologic Characteristics of Breast Cancer Analysis of 639 Early Breast Cancers

Primary tumor size, an essential clinical parameter, is assessed by oncologist during the physical examination of a patient with breast cancer. The results of such assessment constitutes a basis for classification of breast cancer staging, selection of proper primary treatment, selection of type of surgical treatment and initial evaluation of patient prognosis.

The aim of the study was to describe changes in biological characteristics of breast cancers relative to increases in primary tumor size.

Material and methods. All women treated surgically for breast cancer in the Department of Surgical Oncology, Medical University in Łódź, from 1999 to 2004, were included in our study. We confined our analysis to primary operable, invasive, primary tumors less than 3 cm. 639 cases comprised the study group. We analyzed the associations between primary tumor size and other routinely assessed clinical and pathological parameters.

Results. We found statistical associations between primary tumor size and the presence of metastases in axillary lymph nodes (p<0.0001), presence of extracapsular extension of lymph nodes metastases (p<0.0001), presence of tumor cells emboli (p<0.0001), absence of expression of estrogen receptor (p=0043) and absence of progesterone receptor (p=0.0196) in cancer cells. No association was found between tumor size and histologic tumor type (p=0.205). In a subgroup of ductal carcinomas, tumor size was associated with the grade of cancer (p=0.0002).

Conclusions. Increases in tumor size are accompanied by increasing incidence of unfavorable prognostic factors and decreasing incidence of favorable prognostic factors. Tumor size constitutes the source of direct and indirect prognostic information.

Open access

Lei Zhang, Naj Aziz, Ting Ren, Jan Nemcik and Shihao Tu

Research Institute - James Cook University, Townsville, 19-21 November, Vol. 4, p. 31-41. Bielicki R. J., Perkins J. H., Kissell F. N., 1972. Methane diffusion parameters for sized coal particles — A measuring apparatus and some preliminary results. U. S. Bureau of Mines RI 7697,12 p. Black D., 2012. Factors affecting the drainage of gas from coal and methods to improve drainage effectiveness. PhD thesis (University of Wollongong). Busch A., Gensterblum Y., Krooss B. M., 2003. Methane andCO 2 sorption anddesorption measurements on dry argonne premium coals

Open access

Ashok K. Srivastava, Pravin S. Ingle, Harihar S. Lunge and Neloy Khare

. Provenance and dispersal of glacial-marine surface sediments in the Weddell Sea and adjoining areas, Antarctica: ice-rafting versus current transport. Marine Geology 158, 209–231. Folk, R.L., 1980. Petrology of sedimentary rocks. Hemphill, Austin, 159 pp. Folk, R.L. & Ward, W., 1957. Brazos river bar: a study in the significance of grain size parameters. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 27, 3–26. Friedman, G.M., 1961. Distinction between dune, beach and river sands from their textural characteristics. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 31, 514–529. Friedman, G

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Dimitrios Skouras, Paschalis Arvanitidis and Christos Kollias

Residential Characteristics of Armed-Forces Personnel and the Urban Economy: Evidence from a Medium Sized City in Greece

The paper explores the locational and residential decisions of Greek military households. To achieve this, primary data were collected by means of a questionnaire survey addressed to military personnel located in Volos, a medium-sized Greek city in the greater area of which a number of major military facilities are located. The study starts by examining the residential distribution of military households to consider whether clustering or dispersion is evident. Then, an attempt is made to explain the observed pattern with reference to conventional urban economics' determinants of location choice or to other factors related to the social or professional characteristics of the group. Such analysis enables us to draw some preliminary conclusions on the potential effects military facilities have on both the urban spatial structure and the housing market.

Open access

WH Johnson, JH Young, GH Ellington, WW Weeks and JC Tutor

–92. 10. Johnson, W.H., F.J. Hassler, and W.H. Henson, Jr.: Effects of bruising on tobacco curability; Tob. Sci. 1 (1957) 177–179. 11. Anderson, D.S., Y. Abubakar, J.H. Young, and W.H. Johnson: Pressure vs. airflow characteristics through fresh intact and cut-strip tobacco; Trans. of the ASAE 41 (1998) No. 6, 1747–1753. 12. Suggs, C. W., L. L. Blalock, and H.B. Peel: Technical Note: Airflow through fresh tobacco leaf particles, Trans. of the ASAE 29 (1986) No. 4, 1156–1161. 13. Young, J.H., J

Open access

Zoltán Birkner, Tivadar Máhr, Erzsébet Péter and Nora Rodek Berkes

References Balchin, P. N., & Bull, G. H. (1987). Regional and urban economics . Harper & Row, London. Benedek, J. (2006). The characteristics of urbanization in Romania during the last century. (In Hungarian: A Romániai urbanizáció jellegzetességei az utolsó évszázad során.) In: Győri R. – Hajdú Z. (ed.): Carpathian Basin. Settlements, landscapes, regions, spatial structures . (In Hungarian: Kárpát-medence. Települések, tájak, régiók, térstruktúrák.) MTA RKK – Dialóg Campus Kiadó, Pécs-Budapest, pp. 77–102. Birkner, Z., & Máhr, T. (2016