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Jürg Gassmann

://dx.doi.org/10.5334/pia-475 >, 1–15 Coupland, Simon, ‘The Carolingian Army and the Struggle Against the Vikings’, in: Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies , Vol. 35 (2004), 49-70 Cross, Pamela J., ‘Horse Burial in First Millennium AD Britain: Issues of Interpretation’, in: European Journal of Archaeology , Vol. 14 / Nos. 1–2 (2011), 190–209 Dashper, Katherine, ‘Listening to Horses: Developing Attentive Interspecies Relation-ships through Sports and Leisure’, in: Society & Animals , Vol. 25 (2017), 207-224 Dawson, Paul L., French Cavalry Remounts

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Jürg Gassmann

.), Reflexiones sobre poder, guerra y religión en la Historia de España (Madrid: Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 2011), 15-56 Gassmann, Jack, ‘Thoughts on the Role of Cavalry in Medieval Warfare’, in: Acta Periodica Duellatorum, 2 (2014), 149-177 Gillmor, Carroll, ‘Practical Chivalry: The Training of Horses for Tournaments and Warfare’, in: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, 13 (1992), 7-29 Gladitz, Charles, Horse Breeding in the Medieval World (Dublin: Four Courts, 1997) Glick, Thomas F., Islamic and

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Zahra Heidari, Ali Moghtaderi, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb and Enam Alhagh Charkhat Gorgich

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive neurological disorder. A tetrad of bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor and postural instability are the core features of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate stereological changes in the brain of patients with PD and compare them with that of healthy controls. This case-control study was conducted on 29 patients with PD and 12 controls (C) in Zahedan, Iran. All subjects enrolled into the study through the convenience sampling method. MRI images of the brains of two groups in frontal and sagittal axis with consecutive 5mm distance slices were captured. Parameters including total volume (V) and volume density (Vv) of different parts of the brain were estimated based on Cavalries’ point counting stereological method. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U-Test applied for comparing the PD and C groups were used. Significance level was set at p<0.05. Our study showed that the volume of the brain and total volume and volume density (Vv) of cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, ventricles, hippocampus, pons, mid brain and superior cerebellar peduncles in the PD group did not indicate significant difference from the control group. Total volume of brain stem in PD group wasn’t significantly different from the control group. The volume density of brain stem (p= 0.012) and total volume and volume density of middle cerebellar peduncle (p< 0.0001) in PD group were significantly larger than the control group. This study shows that PD stereological parameters related to volume and volume density of middle cerebellar peduncle and volume density of brain stem were significantly larger in patients compared to the controls. Therefore, stereological parameters can be used for early diagnosis and probably for follow-up in patients with PD.

Open access

Bert Gevaert

l’escrime du cavalier: L’escrime militaire au début du XIXe siècle. Alexandre Muller (Manuel d’Instruction: vol. 2), ed. by Philippe Charlet and Jean-Jacques Pattyn (Gilly: Historic ‘One, 2013). Antoine Charles Etienne de la Roche-Aymon, Troupes Légères, ou réflexions sur l’organisation, l’instruction et la tactique de l’infanterie et de la cavalerie légères (Paris : Magimel, Anselin et Pochard, 1817) Antoine Fortuné de Brack, Light cavalry out-posts: Recollections by F. De Brack, translated from the fifth edition

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Christine M. Havliček

University Press, 2007 Bái, Guóhóng 白国红. “Guānyú Zhōngguó dìyī zhī jiànzhì qíbīng de shǐxué sīkǎo” 关于中国第一 支建制骑兵的史学思考 [A Few Historiographical Thoughts Regarding the Establishment of the First Cavalry in China]. In Shèhuì kēxué lùntán 社会科学论坛 [Social Science Tribune], 3/2 (下), 2006, pp. 138-141 Barfield, Thomas. “Steppe Empires, China, and the Silk Route: Nomads as a Force in International Trade and Politics.” In Nomads in the Sedentary World, edited by Anatoly M. Khazanov and Andre Wink. London: Routledge, 2001, pp. 234

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Jack Gassmann, Jürg Gassmann and Dominique Le Coultre

VI. BIBLIOGRAPHY VI.1. Primary sources v. Bismark, Friedrich Wilhelm Graf, Lectures upon the Tactics of Cavalry (translated by Major Frederick Johnston) (London: Ridgway, 1827). v. Clausewitz, Carl, Vom Kriege (Berlin: Dümmler, 1832-1837). Duarte I of Portugal, The Book of Horsemanship , edition and translation Jeffrey Forgeng (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2016). Georg von Ehingen, Des schwäbischen Ritters Georg von Ehingen Reisen nach der Ritterschaft , Ed. and transcription Franz Pfeiffer (Stuttgart: Literarischer Verein, 1843

Open access

Jürg Gassmann

Études Historiques, 2011), pp. 137–152 Gassmann, Jack, ‘Thoughts on the Role of Cavalry in Medieval Warfare’, in Acta Periodica Duellatorum, 2 (2014), 149–178 Geisenhanslüke, Achim / Martin Löhnig (Eds./, Infamie: Ehre und Ehrverlust in literarischen und juristischen Diskursen (Rechtskultur Wissenschaft 6) (Regensburg: Gietl, 2011) Gessler, E. A., ‘Vom Kreuzdegen’, Anzeiger für Schweizer Altertumskunde, n.s., 24/3 (1922), 157–175 Gies, Frances & Joseph, Cathedral, Forge and Waterwheel: Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages , (New